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Ezekiel 27:19

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— “Vedan and Javan paid for your wares from Uzal; wrought iron, cassia and sweet cane were among your merchandise.
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— Dan also and Javan going to and fro occupied in thy fairs: bright iron, cassia, and calamus, were in thy market.
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— Vedan and Javan traded with yarn for thy wares: bright iron, cassia, and calamus, were among thy merchandise.
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Vedan and Javan traded with yarn for thy wares: bright iron, cassia, and calamus, were among thy merchandise.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Dan also and Javan going to and fro occupied in thy fairs: bright iron, cassia, and calamus, were in thy market.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Vedan and Javan of Uzal traded in thy markets: wrought iron, cassia, and calamus were in thy traffic.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wedan and Javan, from Uzal, Brought into thy traffic,—Steel, cassia and calamus, Were, in thy merchandise:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Vedan and Javan go about with thy remnants, They have given shining iron, cassia, and cane, In thy merchandise it hath been.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Dan, and Greece, and Mosel have set forth in thy marts wrought iron: stacte, and calamus were in thy market.
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— They of Dan also and of Iauan, going to and fro, occupied in thy faires: yron woorke, cassia and calamus were among thy marchandise.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Dan also and Iauan going to and fro, occupyed in thy faires: bright yron, Cassia and Calamus were in thy market.
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— Dan and Javan brought you merchandise to your markets from Usal, their iron ore, cassia, and cane.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Out of Asel [came] wrought iron, and there is the sound of wheels among thy trading [population].
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Dan also and Yawan going to and fro occupied in thy fairs: bright iron, cassia, and calamus, were in thy market.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Dän דָּן 2051
{2051} Prime
Perhaps for H5730; Vedan (or Aden), a place in Arabia.
<8676> Grammar
Qere Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the kethiv reading rather than the qere.
[1835] Standard
From H1777; judge; Dan, one of the sons of Jacob; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory; likewise a place in Palestine colonized by them.
also and Yäwän יָוָן 3120
{3120} Prime
Probably from the same as H3196; effervescing (that is, hot and active); Javan, the name of a son of Joktan, and of the race (Ionians, that is, Greeks) descended from him, with their territory; also of a place in Arabia.
going to and fro 235
{0235} Prime
A primitive root; to go away, hence to disappear.
<8794> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 194
occupied 5414
{5414} Prime
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in thy fairs: 5801
{5801} Prime
From H5800 in the sense of letting go (for a price, that is, selling); trade, that is, the palce (mart) or the payment (revenue).
bright 6219
{6219} Prime
From H6245; shining, that is, polished.
iron, 1270
{1270} Prime
Perhaps from the root of H1269; iron (as cutting); by extension an iron implement.
cassia, 6916
{6916} Prime
From H6915; cassia bark (as in shrivelled rolls).
and calamus, 7070
{7070} Prime
From H7069; a reed (as erect); by resemblance a rod (especially for measuring), shaft, tube, stem, the radius (of the arm), beam (of a steelyard).
were x1961
(1961) Complement
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
in thy market. 4627
{4627} Prime
From H6148, in the sense of trading; traffic; by implication mercantile goods.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ezekiel 27:19

_ _ Dan also — None of the other places enumerated commence with the copula (“also”; Hebrew, ve). Moreover, the products specified, “cassia, calamus,” apply rather to places in Arabia. Therefore, Fairbairn translates, “Vedan”; perhaps the modern Aden, near the straits of Bab-el-man-deb. Grotius refers it to Dana, mentioned by Ptolemy.

_ _ Javan — not the Greeks of Europe or Asia Minor, but of a Greek settlement in Arabia.

_ _ going to and fro — rather, as Hebrew admits, “from Uzal.” This is added to “Javan,” to mark which Javan is meant (Genesis 10:27). The metropolis of Arabia Felix, or Yemen; called also Sanaa [Bochart]. English Version gives a good sense, thus: All peoples, whether near as the Israelite “Dan,” or far as the Greeks or “Javan,” who were wont to “go to and fro” from their love of traffic, frequented thy marts, bringing bright iron, etc., these products not being necessarily represented as those of Dan or Javan.

_ _ bright iron — Yemen is still famed for its sword blades.

_ _ calamus — aromatic cane.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ezekiel 27:1-25.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ezekiel 27:19

Javan — In the isle of Meroe, in Egypt.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Judges 18:29 And they called the name of the city Dan, after the name of Dan their father, who was born unto Israel: howbeit the name of the city [was] Laish at the first.

going to and fro:
or, Menzal


Exodus 30:23-24 Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred [shekels], and of sweet cinnamon half so much, [even] two hundred and fifty [shekels], and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty [shekels], ... And of cassia five hundred [shekels], after the shekel of the sanctuary, and of oil olive an hin:
Psalms 45:8 All thy garments [smell] of myrrh, and aloes, [and] cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.
Song of Songs 4:13-14 Thy plants [are] an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard, ... Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:
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Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

Ex 30:23. Jg 18:29. Ps 45:8. So 4:13.

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