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Job 30:4

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— Who pluck mallow by the bushes, And whose food is the root of the broom shrub.
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— Who cut up mallows by the bushes, and juniper roots [for] their meat.
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— They pluck salt-wort by the bushes; and the roots of the broom [are] their meat.
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They pluck salt-wort by the bushes; And the roots of the broom are their food.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who cut up mallows by the bushes, and juniper roots [for] their food.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They gather the salt-wort among the bushes, and the roots of the broom for their food.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who used to pluck off the mallow by the bushes, with the root of the broom for their food;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Those cropping mallows near a shrub, And broom-roots [is] their food.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they ate grass, and barks of trees, and the root of junipers was their food.
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— They cut vp nettels by the bushes, ? the iuniper rootes was their meate.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who cut vp mallowes by the bushes, and Iuniper rootes [for] their meate.
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— For they had lost their power completely.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Who compass the salt places on the sounding [shore], who had salt [herbs] for their food, and were dishonorable and of no repute, in want of every good thing; who also ate roots of trees by reason of great hunger.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Who cut up mallows by the bushes, and juniper roots [for] their meat.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who cut up 6998
{6998} Prime
A primitive root; to strip off.
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
mallows 4408
{4408} Prime
From H4414; sea purslain (from its saltness).
by x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the bushes, 7880
{7880} Prime
From H7878; a shoot (as if uttered or put forth), that is, (generically) shrubbery.
and juniper 7574
{7574} Prime
From H7573; the Spanish broom (from its pole like stems).
roots 8328
{8328} Prime
From H8327; a root (literally or figuratively).
[for] their meat. 3899
{3899} Prime
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Job 30:4

_ _ mallows — rather, “salt-wort,” which grows in deserts and is eaten as a salad by the poor [Maurer].

_ _ by the bushes — among the bushes.

_ _ juniper — rather, a kind of broom, Spartium junceum [Linnaeus], still called in Arabia, as in the Hebrew of Job, retem, of which the bitter roots are eaten by the poor.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Job 30:1-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Job 30:4

Who cut — Bitter herbs, which shews their extreme necessity. Juniper — Possibly the word may signify some other plant, for the Hebrews themselves are at a loss for the signification of the names of plants.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The Hebrew malluach, in Arabic, malluch, and in Syriac mallucho, is probably the Lalima or Lalimos of the Greeks, and halimus of the Romans, which Dioscorides describes as a kind of bramble, without thorns, the leaves of which are boiled and eaten.

juniper roots:
The Hebrew rothem, in Arabic, ratim, and in Spanish, retama, most probably signifies the genista or broom, which is very abundant in the deserts of Arabia.

for their meat:

2 Kings 4:38-39 And Elisha came again to Gilgal: and [there was] a dearth in the land; and the sons of the prophets [were] sitting before him: and he said unto his servant, Set on the great pot, and seethe pottage for the sons of the prophets. ... And one went out into the field to gather herbs, and found a wild vine, and gathered thereof wild gourds his lap full, and came and shred [them] into the pot of pottage: for they knew [them] not.
Amos 7:14 Then answered Amos, and said to Amaziah, I [was] no prophet, neither [was] I a prophet's son; but I [was] an herdman, and a gatherer of sycomore fruit:
Luke 15:16 And he would fain have filled his belly with the husks that the swine did eat: and no man gave unto him.
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2K 4:38. Am 7:14. Lk 15:16.

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