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Isaiah 30:4

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— “For their princes are at Zoan And their ambassadors arrive at Hanes.
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— For his princes were at Zoan, and his ambassadors came to Hanes.
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— For his princes are at Zoan, and his ambassadors are come to Hanes.
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For their princes are at Zoan, and their ambassadors are come to Hanes.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For his princes were at Zoan, and his embassadors came to Hanes.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For his princes were at Zoan, and his ambassadors came to Hanes.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, their princes, have been, in Zoan,—And, their messengers, unto Hanes, would draw near.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For in Zoan were his princes, And his messengers reach Hanes.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For thy princes were in Tanis, and thy messengers came even to Hanes.
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— For his princes were at Zoan, and his Ambassadours came vnto Hanes.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For his princes were at Zoan, and his ambassadors came to Hanes.
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— For while Pharaoh is in Zoan, his princes and ambassadors shall act deceitfully.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For there are princes in Tanes, evil messengers.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For his princes were at Tzoan, and his ambassadors came to Chanes.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
his princes 8269
{8269} Prime
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
were x1961
(1961) Complement
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
at Xö`an צֹעַן, 6814
{6814} Prime
Of Egyptian derivation; Tsoan, a place in Egypt.
and his ambassadors 4397
{4397} Prime
From an unused root meaning to despatch as a deputy; a messenger; specifically of God, that is, an angel (also a prophet, priest or teacher).
came 5060
{5060} Prime
A primitive root; properly to touch, that is, lay the hand upon (for any purpose; euphemistically, to lie with a woman); by implication to reach (figuratively to arrive, acquire); violently, to strike (punish, defeat, destroy, etc.).
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
to Çänës חָנֵס. 2609
{2609} Prime
Of Egyptian derivation; Chanes, a place in Egypt.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Isaiah 30:4

_ _ his — Judah’s (compare Isaiah 9:21).

_ _ at Zoan — are already arrived there on their errand to Pharaoh (see Isaiah 19:11).

_ _ came to Hanes — are come there. West of the Nile, in central Egypt: Egyptian Hnes; the Greek Heracleopolis: perhaps the Anysis of Herodotus (2.137); according to Grotius, Tahpanhes contracted (Jeremiah 43:7-9); the seat of a reigning prince at the time, as was Zoan, hence the Jewish ambassadors go to both.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Isaiah 30:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Isaiah 30:4

His princes — The princes of Judah. Hanes — An eminent city of Egypt.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Isaiah 30:4

For his (c) princes were at Zoan, and his ambassadors came to Hanes.

(c) The chief of Israel went into Egypt as an ambassador to seek help and abode at these cities.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
his princes:

Isaiah 57:9 And thou wentest to the king with ointment, and didst increase thy perfumes, and didst send thy messengers far off, and didst debase [thyself even] unto hell.
2 Kings 17:4 And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, as [he had done] year by year: therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison.
Hosea 7:11-12 Ephraim also is like a silly dove without heart: they call to Egypt, they go to Assyria. ... When they shall go, I will spread my net upon them; I will bring them down as the fowls of the heaven; I will chastise them, as their congregation hath heard.
Hosea 7:16 They return, [but] not to the most High: they are like a deceitful bow: their princes shall fall by the sword for the rage of their tongue: this [shall be] their derision in the land of Egypt.


Isaiah 19:11 Surely the princes of Zoan [are] fools, the counsel of the wise counsellors of Pharaoh is become brutish: how say ye unto Pharaoh, I [am] the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?
Numbers 13:22 And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, [were]. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)
Ezekiel 30:14 And I will make Pathros desolate, and will set fire in Zoan, and will execute judgments in No.


Jeremiah 43:7 So they came into the land of Egypt: for they obeyed not the voice of the LORD: thus came they [even] to Tahpanhes.
, Tahpanhes,
Ezekiel 30:18 At Tehaphnehes also the day shall be darkened, when I shall break there the yokes of Egypt: and the pomp of her strength shall cease in her: as for her, a cloud shall cover her, and her daughters shall go into captivity.
, Tehaphnehes
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Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

Nu 13:22. 2K 17:4. Is 19:11; 57:9. Jr 43:7. Ezk 30:14, 18. Ho 7:11, 16.

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