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Proverbs 30:31

New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995) [2]
— The strutting rooster, the male goat also, And a king [when his] army is with him.
King James Version (KJV 1769) [2]
— A greyhound; an he goat also; and a king, against whom [there is] no rising up.
English Revised Version (ERV 1885)
— The greyhound; the he-goat also; and the king, against whom there is no rising up.
American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The greyhound; the he-goat also; And the king against whom there is no rising up.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A greyhound; a he-goat also; and a king, against whom [there is] no rising up.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— a [horse] girt in the loins; or the he-goat; and a king, against whom none can rise up.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The greyhound, or the he-goat,—and a king, having a band of soldiers with him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A girt one of the loins, or a he-goat, And a king—no rising up with him.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A cock girded about the loins: and a ram: and a king, whom none can resist.
Geneva Bible (GNV 1560)
— A lusty grayhound, and a goate, and a King against whom there is no rising vp.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A gray-hound; an hee-goate also; and a king, against whom there is no rising vp.
Lamsa Bible (1957)
— The cock that walks proudly among the chickens; the he-goat that goes before the flock; and a king who speaks among the people.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and a cock walking in boldly among the hens, and the goat leading the herd; and a king publicly speaking before a nation.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A greyhound; an he goat also; and a king, against whom [there is] no rising up.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A greyhound; 4975
{4975} Prime
From an unused root meaning to be slender; properly the waist or small of the back; only in plural the loins.
{2223} Prime
By reduplication from H2115; properly tightly girt, that is, probably a racer, or some fleet animal (as being slender in the waist).
an he goat 8495
{8495} Prime
From an unused root meaning to butt; a buck or he goat (as given to butting).
also; 176
{0176} Prime
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
and a king, 4428
{4428} Prime
From H4427; a king.
against x5973
(5973) Complement
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
whom [there is] no x408
(0408) Complement
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
rising up. y510
[0510] Standard
Probably from H0408 and H6965; a non-rising (that is, resistlessness).
(6965) Complement
A primitive root; to rise (in various applications, literally, figuratively, intensively and causatively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Proverbs 30:24-31.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Proverbs 30:29-33.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Proverbs 30:31

An he — goat — Which marches in the head of the flock in a grave and stately manner, conducting them with great courage and resolution, and being ready to fight for them, either with beasts or men that oppose him. A king — Heb. a king and his people with him, a king when he hath the hearts and hands of his people going along with him in his undertakings.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
or, horse, Heb. girt in the lions


Proverbs 16:14 The wrath of a king [is as] messengers of death: but a wise man will pacify it.
Proverbs 20:2 The fear of a king [is] as the roaring of a lion: [whoso] provoketh him to anger sinneth [against] his own soul.
Daniel 3:15-18 Now if ye be ready that at what time ye hear the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and dulcimer, and all kinds of musick, ye fall down and worship the image which I have made; [well]: but if ye worship not, ye shall be cast the same hour into the midst of a burning fiery furnace; and who [is] that God that shall deliver you out of my hands? ... But if not, be it known unto thee, O king, that we will not serve thy gods, nor worship the golden image which thou hast set up.
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Chain-Reference Bible SearchCross References with Concordance

Pv 16:14; 20:2. Dn 3:15.

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