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Zephaniah 3:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I said, Only fear thou me; receive correction; so her dwelling shall not be cut off, [according to] all that I have appointed concerning her: but they rose early and corrupted all their doings.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I said, Surely thou wilt fear me, thou wilt receive instruction; so their dwelling should not be cut off, howsoever I punished them: but they rose early, [and] corrupted all their doings.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “I said, ‘Surely you will revere Me, Accept instruction.’ So her dwelling will not be cut off [According to] all that I have appointed concerning her. But they were eager to corrupt all their deeds.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I said, Surely thou wilt fear me, thou wilt receive instruction; so their dwelling should not be cut off, however I punished them: but they rose early, [and] corrupted all their doings.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I said, Only fear me, receive correction; so her dwelling shall not be cut off, howsoever I may punish her. But they rose early, they corrupted all their doings.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I said, Surely thou wilt reverence, Me, wilt accept correction, lest her abode, should be cut of, howsoever I had punished her; but, in truth, they soon corrupted all their deeds.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I have said: Only, ye do fear Me, Ye do accept instruction, And her habitation is not cut off, All that I have appointed for her, But they have risen early, They have corrupted all their doings.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I said: Surely thou wilt fear me, thou wilt receive correction: and her dwelling shall not perish, for all things wherein I have visited her: but they rose early, and corrupted all their thoughts.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I said, Surely thou wilt feare mee: thou wilt receiue instruction: so their dwelling should not bee cut off, howsoeuer I punished them: but they rose early, [&] corrupted all their doings.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I said, But do ye fear me, and receive instruction, and ye shall not be cut off from the face of the land [for] all the vengeance I have brought upon her: prepare thou, rise early: all their produce is spoilt.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I said, Surely thou wilt fear me, thou wilt receive instruction; so their dwelling should not be cut off, howsoever I punished them: but they rose early, [and] corrupted all their doings.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I said, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Surely x389
(0389) Complement
אַךְ
'ak
{ak}
Akin to H0403; a particle of affirmation, surely; hence (by limitation) only.
thou wilt fear 3372
{3372} Prime
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
A primitive root; to fear; morally to revere; causatively to frighten.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
me, thou wilt receive 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
instruction; 4148
{4148} Prime
מוּסָר
muwcar
{moo-sawr'}
From H3256; properly chastisement; figuratively reproof, warning or instruction; also restraint.
so their dwelling 4583
{4583} Prime
מָעוֹן
ma`own
{maw-ohn'}
From the same as H5772; an abode, of God (the Tabernacle or the Temple), men (their home) or animals (their lair); hence a retreat (asylum).
should not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
be cut off, 3772
{3772} Prime
כָּרַת
karath
{kaw-rath'}
A primitive root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by implication to destroy or consume; specifically to covenant (that is, make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
howsoever 834
{0834} Prime
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
3605
{3605} Prime
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
I punished 6485
{6485} Prime
פָּקַד
paqad
{paw-kad'}
A primitive root; to visit (with friendly or hostile intent); by analogy to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit, etc.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
them: but 403
{0403} Prime
אָכֵן
'aken
{aw-kane'}
From H3559 (compare H3651); firmly; figuratively surely; also (adversely) but.
they rose early, 7925
{7925} Prime
שָׁכַם
shakam
{shaw-kam'}
A primitive root; properly to incline (the shoulder to a burden); but used only as denominative from H7926; literally to load up (on the back of man or beast), that is, to start early in the morning.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
[and] corrupted 7843
{7843} Prime
שָׁחַת
shachath
{shaw-khath'}
A primitive root; to decay, that is, (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
their doings. 5949
{5949} Prime
עֲלִילָה
`aliylah
{al-ee-law'}
From H5953 in the sense of effecting; an exploit (of God), or a performance (of man, often in a bad sense); by implication an opportunity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Zephaniah 3:5-7.


Zephaniah 3:7

_ _ I said, Surely, etc. — God speaks after the manner of men in condescension to man’s infirmity; not as though God was ignorant of the future contingency, but in their sense, Surely one might have expected ye would under such circumstances repent: but no!

_ _ thou — at least, O Jerusalem! Compare “thou, even thou, at least in this thy day” (Luke 19:42).

_ _ their dwelling — the sanctuary [Buxtorf]. Or, the city. Compare Jesus’ words (Luke 13:35), “Behold, your house is left unto you desolate” (Leviticus 26:31, Leviticus 26:32; Psalms 69:25); and used as to the temple (Micah 3:12). “Their” is used instead of “thy”; this change of person implies that God puts them to a greater distance.

_ _ howsoever I punished them — Howsoever I might have punished them, I would not have cut off their dwelling. Calvin, “Howsoever I had marked them out for punishment” because of their provocations, still, if even then they had repented, taught by My corrections, I was ready to have pardoned them. Maurer, “Altogether in accordance with what I had long ago decreed (ordained) concerning you” (Deuteronomy 28:1-14, and, on the other hand, Deuteronomy 28:15-68; Deuteronomy 27:15-26). English Version, or Calvin’s view, is better.

_ _ rose early, and corrupted, etc. — Early morning is in the East the best time for transacting serious business, before the relaxing heat of midday comes on. Thus it means, With the greatest earnestness they set themselves to “corrupt all their doings” (Genesis 6:12; Isaiah 5:11; Jeremiah 11:7; Jeremiah 25:3).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zephaniah 3:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zephaniah 3:7

I said — I thought (speaking after the manner of men). Thou — O Jerusalem. Fear me — For the many and great judgments executed upon others. I punished them — In some measure.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zephaniah 3:7

I said, Surely thou wilt fear me, thou wilt receive instruction; so their dwelling should not be cut off, howsoever I punished them: but (e) they rose early, [and] corrupted all their doings.

(e) They were most earnest and ready to do wickedly.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Surely:

Zephaniah 3:2 She obeyed not the voice; she received not correction; she trusted not in the LORD; she drew not near to her God.
Isaiah 5:4 What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes?
Isaiah 63:8 For he said, Surely they [are] my people, children [that] will not lie: so he was their Saviour.
Jeremiah 8:6 I hearkened and heard, [but] they spake not aright: no man repented him of his wickedness, saying, What have I done? every one turned to his course, as the horse rusheth into the battle.
Jeremiah 36:3 It may be that the house of Judah will hear all the evil which I purpose to do unto them; that they may return every man from his evil way; that I may forgive their iniquity and their sin.
Luke 19:42-44 Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things [which belong] unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes. ... And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.
2 Peter 3:9 The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.

so:

Jeremiah 7:7 Then will I cause you to dwell in this place, in the land that I gave to your fathers, for ever and ever.
Jeremiah 17:25-27 Then shall there enter into the gates of this city kings and princes sitting upon the throne of David, riding in chariots and on horses, they, and their princes, the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem: and this city shall remain for ever. ... But if ye will not hearken unto me to hallow the sabbath day, and not to bear a burden, even entering in at the gates of Jerusalem on the sabbath day; then will I kindle a fire in the gates thereof, and it shall devour the palaces of Jerusalem, and it shall not be quenched.
Jeremiah 25:5 They said, Turn ye again now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of your doings, and dwell in the land that the LORD hath given unto you and to your fathers for ever and ever:
Jeremiah 38:17 Then said Jeremiah unto Zedekiah, Thus saith the LORD, the God of hosts, the God of Israel; If thou wilt assuredly go forth unto the king of Babylon's princes, then thy soul shall live, and this city shall not be burned with fire; and thou shalt live, and thine house:

howsoever:

2 Chronicles 28:6-8 For Pekah the son of Remaliah slew in Judah an hundred and twenty thousand in one day, [which were] all valiant men; because they had forsaken the LORD God of their fathers. ... And the children of Israel carried away captive of their brethren two hundred thousand, women, sons, and daughters, and took also away much spoil from them, and brought the spoil to Samaria.
2 Chronicles 32:1-2 After these things, and the establishment thereof, Sennacherib king of Assyria came, and entered into Judah, and encamped against the fenced cities, and thought to win them for himself. ... And when Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib was come, and that he was purposed to fight against Jerusalem,
2 Chronicles 33:11 Wherefore the LORD brought upon them the captains of the host of the king of Assyria, which took Manasseh among the thorns, and bound him with fetters, and carried him to Babylon.
2 Chronicles 36:3-10 And the king of Egypt put him down at Jerusalem, and condemned the land in an hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold. ... And when the year was expired, king Nebuchadnezzar sent, and brought him to Babylon, with the goodly vessels of the house of the LORD, and made Zedekiah his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem.

they:

Micah 2:1-2 Woe to them that devise iniquity, and work evil upon their beds! when the morning is light, they practise it, because it is in the power of their hand. ... And they covet fields, and take [them] by violence; and houses, and take [them] away: so they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage.

corrupted:

Genesis 6:12 And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth.
Deuteronomy 4:16 Lest ye corrupt [yourselves], and make you a graven image, the similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or female,
Hosea 9:9 They have deeply corrupted [themselves], as in the days of Gibeah: [therefore] he will remember their iniquity, he will visit their sins.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 6:12. Dt 4:16. 2Ch 28:6; 32:1; 33:11; 36:3. Is 5:4; 63:8. Jr 7:7; 8:6; 17:25; 25:5; 36:3; 38:17. Ho 9:9. Mi 2:1. Zp 3:2. Lk 19:42. 2P 3:9.

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