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Zephaniah 3:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Jehovah in the midst of her is righteous; he will not do iniquity; every morning doth he bring his justice to light, he faileth not; but the unjust knoweth no shame.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The just LORD [is] in the midst thereof; he will not do iniquity: every morning doth he bring his judgment to light, he faileth not; but the unjust knoweth no shame.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The LORD is righteous within her; He will do no injustice. Every morning He brings His justice to light; He does not fail. But the unjust knows no shame.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The just LORD [is] in the midst of her; he will not do iniquity: every morning doth he bring his judgment to light, he faileth not; but the unjust knoweth no shame.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The righteous Jehovah is in the midst of her: he doeth no wrong. Every morning doth he bring his judgment to light; it faileth not: but the unrighteous knoweth no shame.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Yahweh, the Righteous One, is in her midst, he dealeth not perversely,—Morning by morning, his justice, bringeth he forth the light, He is not found lacking, but the perverse man knoweth no shame.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Jehovah [is] righteous in her midst, He doth not do perverseness, Morning by morning His judgment he giveth to the light, It hath not been lacking, And the perverse doth not know shame.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The just Lord is in the midst thereof, he will not do iniquity: in the morning, in the morning he will bring his judgment to light, and it shall not be hid: but the wicked man hath not known shame.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The iust LORD [is] in the middest thereof: he will not doe iniquitie: euery morning doeth hee bring his iudgement to light, he faileth not: but the vniust knoweth no shame.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But the just Lord is in the midst of her, and he will never do an unjust thing: morning by morning he will bring out his judgment to the light, and it is not hidden, and he knows not injustice by extortion, nor injustice in strife.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The just Yahweh [is] in the midst thereof; he will not do iniquity: every morning doth he bring his judgment to light, he faileth not; but the unjust knoweth no shame.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The just 6662
{6662} Prime
צַדִּיק
tsaddiyq
{tsad-deek'}
From H6663; just.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
[is] in the midst 7130
{7130} Prime
קֶרֶב
qereb
{keh'-reb}
From H7126; properly the nearest part, that is, the centre, whether literally, figuratively or adverbially (especially with preposition).
thereof; he will not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
do 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
iniquity: 5766
{5766} Prime
עֶוֶל
`evel
{eh'-vel}
From H5765; (moral) evil.
every y1242
[1242] Standard
בֹּקֶר
boqer
{bo'-ker}
From H1239; properly dawn (as the break of day); generally morning.
morning 1242
{1242} Prime
בֹּקֶר
boqer
{bo'-ker}
From H1239; properly dawn (as the break of day); generally morning.
doth he bring 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
his judgment 4941
{4941} Prime
מִשְׁפָּט
mishpat
{mish-pawt'}
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
to light, 216
{0216} Prime
אוֹר
'owr
{ore}
From H0215; illumination or (concretely) luminary (in every sense, including lightning, happiness, etc.).
he faileth 5737
{5737} Prime
עָדַר
`adar
{aw-dar'}
A primitive root; to arrange, as a battle, a vineyard (to hoe); hence to muster, and so to miss (or find wanting).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
not; x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
but the unjust 5767
{5767} Prime
עַוָּל
`avval
{av-vawl'}
Intensive from H5765; evil (morally).
knoweth 3045
{3045} Prime
ידע
yada`
{yaw-dah'}
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
no x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
shame. 1322
{1322} Prime
בֹּשֶׁת
bosheth
{bo'-sheth}
From H0954; shame (the feeling and the condition, as well as its cause); by implication (specifically) an idol.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zephaniah 3:5-7

_ _ The Jews regard not God’s justice manifested in the midst of them, nor His judgments on the guilty nations around.

_ _ The just Lord — Why then are ye so unjust?

_ _ is in the midst thereof — He retorts on them their own boast, “Is not the Lord among us” (Micah 3:11)? True He is, but it is for another end from what ye think [Calvin]; namely, to lead you by the example of His righteousness to be righteous. Leviticus 19:2, “Ye shall be holy: for I the Lord your God am holy” [Maurer]. But Calvin, “That ye may feel His hand to be the nearer for taking vengeance for your crimes: ‘He will not do iniquity’ by suffering your sins to go unpunished” (Deuteronomy 32:4).

_ _ every morning — literally, “morning by morning.” The time in the sultry East for dispensing justice.

_ _ bring ... to light — publicly and manifestly by the teaching of His prophets, which aggravates their guilt; also by samples of His judgments on the guilty.

_ _ he faileth not — He is continually setting before you samples of His justice, sparing no pains. Compare Isaiah 5:4; Isaiah 50:4, “he wakeneth morning by morning.

_ _ knoweth no shame — The unjust Jews are not shamed by His justice into repentance.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zephaniah 3:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zephaniah 3:5

In the midst — Observing all. Not do iniquity — He will judge them righteously. Every morning — Daily he discovers his displeasure against the wicked. Faileth not — Lets no season slip to convince them, by public and visible punishments. The unjust — But the wicked Jews proceed without shame, and without fear.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zephaniah 3:5

The (c) just LORD [is] in the midst thereof; he will not do iniquity: every morning doth he bring his judgment to light, he faileth not; but the unjust knoweth no shame.

(c) The wicked thus boasted that God was ever among them, but the Prophet answers that that cannot excuse their wickedness: for God will not bear with their sins. Yet he did patiently abide and sent his Prophets continually to call them to repentance, but he profited nothing.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
just:

Deuteronomy 32:4 [He is] the Rock, his work [is] perfect: for all his ways [are] judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right [is] he.
Psalms 99:3-4 Let them praise thy great and terrible name; [for] it [is] holy. ... The king's strength also loveth judgment; thou dost establish equity, thou executest judgment and righteousness in Jacob.
Psalms 145:17 The LORD [is] righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works.
Ecclesiastes 3:16-17 And moreover I saw under the sun the place of judgment, [that] wickedness [was] there; and the place of righteousness, [that] iniquity [was] there. ... I said in mine heart, God shall judge the righteous and the wicked: for [there is] a time there for every purpose and for every work.
Isaiah 45:21 Tell ye, and bring [them] near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? [who] hath told it from that time? [have] not I the LORD? and [there is] no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; [there is] none beside me.
Habakkuk 1:3 Why dost thou shew me iniquity, and cause [me] to behold grievance? for spoiling and violence [are] before me: and there are [that] raise up strife and contention.
Zechariah 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he [is] just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.
Romans 3:26 To declare, [I say], at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
1 Peter 1:17 And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning [here] in fear:

is in:

Zephaniah 3:15 The LORD hath taken away thy judgments, he hath cast out thine enemy: the king of Israel, [even] the LORD, [is] in the midst of thee: thou shalt not see evil any more.
Zephaniah 3:17 The LORD thy God in the midst of thee [is] mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy; he will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing.
Deuteronomy 23:14 For the LORD thy God walketh in the midst of thy camp, to deliver thee, and to give up thine enemies before thee; therefore shall thy camp be holy: that he see no unclean thing in thee, and turn away from thee.
Isaiah 12:6 Cry out and shout, thou inhabitant of Zion: for great [is] the Holy One of Israel in the midst of thee.
Ezekiel 48:35 [It was] round about eighteen thousand [measures]: and the name of the city from [that] day [shall be], The LORD [is] there.
Micah 3:11 The heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach for hire, and the prophets thereof divine for money: yet will they lean upon the LORD, and say, [Is] not the LORD among us? none evil can come upon us.
Zechariah 2:5 For I, saith the LORD, will be unto her a wall of fire round about, and will be the glory in the midst of her.

he will:

Genesis 18:25 That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?
Job 8:3 Doth God pervert judgment? or doth the Almighty pervert justice?
Job 34:10 Therefore hearken unto me, ye men of understanding: far be it from God, [that he should do] wickedness; and [from] the Almighty, [that he should commit] iniquity.
Job 34:17-19 Shall even he that hateth right govern? and wilt thou condemn him that is most just? ... [How much less to him] that accepteth not the persons of princes, nor regardeth the rich more than the poor? for they all [are] the work of his hands.

every morning:
Heb. morning by morning,
Isaiah 28:19 From the time that it goeth forth it shall take you: for morning by morning shall it pass over, by day and by night: and it shall be a vexation only [to] understand the report.
Isaiah 33:2 O LORD, be gracious unto us; we have waited for thee: be thou their arm every morning, our salvation also in the time of trouble.
Isaiah 50:4 The Lord GOD hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to [him that is] weary: he wakeneth morning by morning, he wakeneth mine ear to hear as the learned.
Jeremiah 21:12 O house of David, thus saith the LORD; Execute judgment in the morning, and deliver [him that is] spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor, lest my fury go out like fire, and burn that none can quench [it], because of the evil of your doings.
Lamentations 3:23 [They are] new every morning: great [is] thy faithfulness.

bring:

Psalms 37:6 And he shall bring forth thy righteousness as the light, and thy judgment as the noonday.
Isaiah 42:3-4 A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth. ... He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.
Micah 7:9 I will bear the indignation of the LORD, because I have sinned against him, until he plead my cause, and execute judgment for me: he will bring me forth to the light, [and] I shall behold his righteousness.
Luke 12:2 For there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; neither hid, that shall not be known.
Romans 2:5 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;
1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts: and then shall every man have praise of God.

but:

Jeremiah 3:3 Therefore the showers have been withholden, and there hath been no latter rain; and thou hadst a whore's forehead, thou refusedst to be ashamed.
Jeremiah 6:15 Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination? nay, they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush: therefore they shall fall among them that fall: at the time [that] I visit them they shall be cast down, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 8:12 Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination? nay, they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush: therefore shall they fall among them that fall: in the time of their visitation they shall be cast down, saith the LORD.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 18:25. Dt 23:14; 32:4. Jb 8:3; 34:10, 17. Ps 37:6; 99:3; 145:17. Ec 3:16. Is 12:6; 28:19; 33:2; 42:3; 45:21; 50:4. Jr 3:3; 6:15; 8:12; 21:12. Lm 3:23. Ezk 48:35. Mi 3:11; 7:9. Hab 1:3. Zp 3:15, 17. Zc 2:5; 9:9. Lk 12:2. Ro 2:5; 3:26. 1Co 4:5. 1P 1:17.

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