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Zephaniah 3:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Her prophets are light and treacherous persons; her priests have profaned the sanctuary, they have done violence to the law.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Her prophets [are] light [and] treacherous persons: her priests have polluted the sanctuary, they have done violence to the law.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Her prophets are reckless, treacherous men; Her priests have profaned the sanctuary. They have done violence to the law.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Her prophets are light [and] treacherous persons: her priests have polluted the sanctuary, they have done violence to the law.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Her prophets are vain-glorious, treacherous persons; her priests profane the sanctuary, they do violence to the law.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Her prophets, are reckless, treacherous men! her priests, have profaned the holy, done violence to law.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Her prophets unstable—men of treachery, Her priests have polluted the sanctuary, They have violated the law.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Her prophets are senseless, men without faith: her priests have polluted the sanctuary, they have acted unjustly against the law.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Her prophets are light [and] treacherous persons: her priests haue polluted the Sanctuarie, they haue done violence to the Law.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Her prophets are light [and] scornful men: her priests profane the holy things, and sinfully transgress the law.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Her prophets [are] light [and] treacherous persons: her priests have polluted the sanctuary, they have done violence to the law.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Her prophets 5030
{5030} Prime
נָבִיא
nabiy'
{naw-bee'}
From H5012; a prophet or (generally) inspired man.
[are] light 6348
{6348} Prime
פָּחַז
pachaz
{paw-khaz'}
A primitive root; to bubble up or froth (as boiling water), that is, (figuratively) to be unimportant.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[and] treacherous 900
{0900} Prime
בֹּגְדוֹת
bog@dowth
{bohg-ed-ohth'}
Feminine plural active participle of H0898; treacheries.
persons: y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
her priests 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
have polluted 2490
{2490} Prime
חָלַל
chalal
{khaw-lal'}
A primitive root (compare H2470); properly to bore, that is, (by implication) to wound, to dissolve; figuratively to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an opening-wedge); denominatively (from H2485) to play (the flute).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
the sanctuary, 6944
{6944} Prime
קֹדֶשׁ
qodesh
{ko'-desh}
From H6942; a sacred place or thing; rarely abstractly sanctity.
they have done violence 2554
{2554} Prime
חָמַס
chamac
{khaw-mas'}
A primitive root; to be violent; by implication to maltreat.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to the law. 8451
{8451} Prime
תּוֹרָה
towrah
{to-raw'}
From H3384; a precept or statute, especially the Decalogue or Pentateuch.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zephaniah 3:4

_ _ light — in whose life and teaching there is no truth, gravity, or steadiness.

_ _ treacherous — false to Jehovah, whose prophets they profess to be (Jeremiah 23:32; Ezekiel 22:28).

_ _ polluted ... sanctuary — by their profane deeds.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zephaniah 3:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zephaniah 3:4

Her prophet — So called, false prophets. Light — Unstable and inconstant. Violence to the law — Wresting it by perverse interpretation.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
light:

Isaiah 9:15 The ancient and honourable, he [is] the head; and the prophet that teacheth lies, he [is] the tail.
Isaiah 56:10-12 His watchmen [are] blind: they are all ignorant, they [are] all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; sleeping, lying down, loving to slumber. ... Come ye, [say they], I will fetch wine, and we will fill ourselves with strong drink; and to morrow shall be as this day, [and] much more abundant.
Jeremiah 5:31 The prophets prophesy falsely, and the priests bear rule by their means; and my people love [to have it] so: and what will ye do in the end thereof?
Jeremiah 6:13-14 For from the least of them even unto the greatest of them every one [is] given to covetousness; and from the prophet even unto the priest every one dealeth falsely. ... They have healed also the hurt [of the daughter] of my people slightly, saying, Peace, peace; when [there is] no peace.
Jeremiah 8:10 Therefore will I give their wives unto others, [and] their fields to them that shall inherit [them]: for every one from the least even unto the greatest is given to covetousness, from the prophet even unto the priest every one dealeth falsely.
Jeremiah 14:13-15 Then said I, Ah, Lord GOD! behold, the prophets say unto them, Ye shall not see the sword, neither shall ye have famine; but I will give you assured peace in this place. ... Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning the prophets that prophesy in my name, and I sent them not, yet they say, Sword and famine shall not be in this land; By sword and famine shall those prophets be consumed.
Jeremiah 23:9-17 Mine heart within me is broken because of the prophets; all my bones shake; I am like a drunken man, and like a man whom wine hath overcome, because of the LORD, and because of the words of his holiness. ... They say still unto them that despise me, The LORD hath said, Ye shall have peace; and they say unto every one that walketh after the imagination of his own heart, No evil shall come upon you.
Jeremiah 23:25-27 I have heard what the prophets said, that prophesy lies in my name, saying, I have dreamed, I have dreamed. ... Which think to cause my people to forget my name by their dreams which they tell every man to his neighbour, as their fathers have forgotten my name for Baal.
Jeremiah 23:32 Behold, I [am] against them that prophesy false dreams, saith the LORD, and do tell them, and cause my people to err by their lies, and by their lightness; yet I sent them not, nor commanded them: therefore they shall not profit this people at all, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 27:14-15 Therefore hearken not unto the words of the prophets that speak unto you, saying, Ye shall not serve the king of Babylon: for they prophesy a lie unto you. ... For I have not sent them, saith the LORD, yet they prophesy a lie in my name; that I might drive you out, and that ye might perish, ye, and the prophets that prophesy unto you.
Lamentations 2:14 Thy prophets have seen vain and foolish things for thee: and they have not discovered thine iniquity, to turn away thy captivity; but have seen for thee false burdens and causes of banishment.
Ezekiel 13:3-16 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe unto the foolish prophets, that follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing! ... [To wit], the prophets of Israel which prophesy concerning Jerusalem, and which see visions of peace for her, and [there is] no peace, saith the Lord GOD.
Hosea 9:7 The days of visitation are come, the days of recompence are come; Israel shall know [it]: the prophet [is] a fool, the spiritual man [is] mad, for the multitude of thine iniquity, and the great hatred.
Micah 2:11 If a man walking in the spirit and falsehood do lie, [saying], I will prophesy unto thee of wine and of strong drink; he shall even be the prophet of this people.
Micah 3:5-6 Thus saith the LORD concerning the prophets that make my people err, that bite with their teeth, and cry, Peace; and he that putteth not into their mouths, they even prepare war against him. ... Therefore night [shall be] unto you, that ye shall not have a vision; and it shall be dark unto you, that ye shall not divine; and the sun shall go down over the prophets, and the day shall be dark over them.
Matthew 7:15 Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves.
2 Corinthians 11:13 For such [are] false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ.
2 Peter 2:1-3 But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon themselves swift destruction. ... And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not.
1 John 4:1 Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.
Revelation 19:20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.

her priests:

1 Samuel 2:12-17 Now the sons of Eli [were] sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD. ... Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD: for men abhorred the offering of the LORD.
1 Samuel 2:22 Now Eli was very old, and heard all that his sons did unto all Israel; and how they lay with the women that assembled [at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
Ezekiel 22:26 Her priests have violated my law, and have profaned mine holy things: they have put no difference between the holy and profane, neither have they shewed [difference] between the unclean and the clean, and have hid their eyes from my sabbaths, and I am profaned among them.
Ezekiel 44:7-8 In that ye have brought [into my sanctuary] strangers, uncircumcised in heart, and uncircumcised in flesh, to be in my sanctuary, to pollute it, [even] my house, when ye offer my bread, the fat and the blood, and they have broken my covenant because of all your abominations. ... And ye have not kept the charge of mine holy things: but ye have set keepers of my charge in my sanctuary for yourselves.
Hosea 4:6-8 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because thou hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no priest to me: seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God, I will also forget thy children. ... They eat up the sin of my people, and they set their heart on their iniquity.
Malachi 2:8 But ye are departed out of the way; ye have caused many to stumble at the law; ye have corrupted the covenant of Levi, saith the LORD of hosts.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 2:12, 22. Is 9:15; 56:10. Jr 5:31; 6:13; 8:10; 14:13; 23:9, 25, 32; 27:14. Lm 2:14. Ezk 13:3; 22:26; 44:7. Ho 4:6; 9:7. Mi 2:11; 3:5. Mal 2:8. Mt 7:15. 2Co 11:13. 2P 2:1. 1Jn 4:1. Rv 19:20.

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