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Zephaniah 1:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And it shall come to pass at that time, that I will search Jerusalem with lamps; and I will punish the men that are settled on their lees, that say in their heart, Jehovah will not do good, neither will he do evil.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And it shall come to pass at that time, [that] I will search Jerusalem with candles, and punish the men that are settled on their lees: that say in their heart, The LORD will not do good, neither will he do evil.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “It will come about at that time That I will search Jerusalem with lamps, And I will punish the men Who are stagnant in spirit, Who say in their hearts, ‘The LORD will not do good or evil!’
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And it shall come to pass at that time, [that] I will search Jerusalem with candles, and punish the men that are settled on their lees: that say in their heart, The LORD will not do good, neither will he do evil.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And it shall come to pass at that time, [that] I will search Jerusalem with lamps, and punish the men that are settled on their lees, that say in their heart, Jehovah will not do good, neither will he do evil.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And it shall come to pass, at that time, that I will search through Jerusalem, with lamps,—and will punish the men who are thickened upon their lees, who are saying in their heart, Yahweh, will not give blessing, neither will he bring calamity.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And it hath come to pass, at that time, I search Jerusalem with lights, And I have laid a charge on the men Who are hardened on their preserved things, Who are saying in their heart: Jehovah doth no good, nor doth He evil.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And it shall come to pass at that time, that I will search Jerusalem with lamps, and will visit upon the men that are settled on their lees: that say in their hearts: The Lord will not do good, nor will he do evil.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And it shall come to passe at that time, [that] I wil search Ierusalem with candles, and punish the men that are setled on their lees, that say in their heart, The LORD will not doe good, neither will he doe euill.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] I will search Jerusalem with a candle, and will take vengeance on the men that despise the things committed to them; but they say in their hearts, The Lord will not do any good, neither will he do any evil.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And it shall come to pass at that time, [that] I will search Yerushalaim with candles, and punish the men that are settled on their lees: that say in their heart, Yahweh will not do good, neither will he do evil.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And it shall come to pass x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
at that x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
time, 6256
{6256} Prime
עֵת
`eth
{ayth}
From H5703; time, especially (adverbially with preposition) now, when, etc.
[that] I will search 2664
{2664} Prime
חָפַשׂ
chaphas
{khaw-fas'}
A primitive root; to seek; causatively to conceal oneself (that is, let be sought), or mask.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yrlaim יְרוּשָׁלִַם 3389
{3389} Prime
יְרוּשָׁלִַם
Y@ruwshalaim
{yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im}
A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine.
with candles, 5216
{5216} Prime
נִיר
niyr
{neer}
From a primitive root (see H5214 and H5135) properly meaning to glisten; a lamp (that is, the burner) or light (literally or figuratively).
and punish 6485
{6485} Prime
פָּקַד
paqad
{paw-kad'}
A primitive root; to visit (with friendly or hostile intent); by analogy to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit, etc.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the men y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
that are settled 7087
{7087} Prime
קָפָּא
qapha'
{kaw-faw'}
A primitive root; to shrink, that is, thicken (as unracked wine, curdled milk, clouded sky, frozen water).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
on x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
their lees: 8105
{8105} Prime
שֶׁמֶר
shemer
{sheh'-mer}
From H8104; something preserved, that is, the settlings (plural only) of wine.
that say 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in their heart, 3824
{3824} Prime
לֵבָב
lebab
{lay-bawb'}
From H3823; the heart (as the most interior organ); used also like H3820.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
will not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
do good, 3190
{3190} Prime
יָטַב
yatab
{yaw-tab'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively) make well, literally (sound, beautiful) or figuratively (happy, successful, right).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
neither x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
will he do evil. 7489
{7489} Prime
רָעַע
ra`a`
{raw-ah'}
A primitive root; properly to spoil (literally by breaking to pieces); figuratively to make (or be) good for nothing, that is, bad (physically, socially or morally). (associate selves and show self friendly are by mistake for H7462.).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zephaniah 1:12

_ _ search ... with candles — or lamps; so as to leave no dark corner in it wherein sin can escape the punishment, of which the Chaldeans are My instruments (compare Zephaniah 1:13; Luke 15:8).

_ _ settled on their lees — “hardened” or crusted; image from the crust formed at the bottom of wines long left undisturbed (Jeremiah 48:11). The effect of wealthy undisturbed ease (“lees”) on the ungodly is hardening: they become stupidly secure (compare Psalms 55:19; Amos 6:1).

_ _ Lord will not do good ... evil — They deny that God regards human affairs, or renders good to the good; or evil to the evil, but that all things go haphazard (Psalms 10:4; Malachi 2:17).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zephaniah 1:7-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zephaniah 1:12

I will search — God speaks after the manner of men, who searches dark places with candles. He will fully discover and punish. Their lees — In allusion to liquors, which not being poured out from vessel to vessel to refine them, grow thick and foul.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zephaniah 1:12

And it shall come to pass at that time, [that] I will search Jerusalem with (h) candles, and punish the men that are settled (i) on their lees: that say in their heart, The LORD will not do good, neither will he do evil.

(h) So that nothing will escape me.

(i) By their prosperity they are hardened in their wickedness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that I:

Jeremiah 16:16-17 Behold, I will send for many fishers, saith the LORD, and they shall fish them; and after will I send for many hunters, and they shall hunt them from every mountain, and from every hill, and out of the holes of the rocks. ... For mine eyes [are] upon all their ways: they are not hid from my face, neither is their iniquity hid from mine eyes.
Amos 9:1-3 I saw the Lord standing upon the altar: and he said, Smite the lintel of the door, that the posts may shake: and cut them in the head, all of them; and I will slay the last of them with the sword: he that fleeth of them shall not flee away, and he that escapeth of them shall not be delivered. ... And though they hide themselves in the top of Carmel, I will search and take them out thence; and though they be hid from my sight in the bottom of the sea, thence will I command the serpent, and he shall bite them:
Obadiah 1:6 How are [the things] of Esau searched out! [how] are his hidden things sought up!

the men:

Jeremiah 48:11 Moab hath been at ease from his youth, and he hath settled on his lees, and hath not been emptied from vessel to vessel, neither hath he gone into captivity: therefore his taste remained in him, and his scent is not changed.
Amos 6:1 Woe to them [that are] at ease in Zion, and trust in the mountain of Samaria, [which are] named chief of the nations, to whom the house of Israel came!
Revelation 2:23 And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.

settled:
Heb. curded, or thickened

The LORD[YHWH]:

Job 21:15 What [is] the Almighty, that we should serve him? and what profit should we have, if we pray unto him?
Psalms 10:11-13 He hath said in his heart, God hath forgotten: he hideth his face; he will never see [it]. ... Wherefore doth the wicked contemn God? he hath said in his heart, Thou wilt not require [it].
Psalms 14:1 [[To the chief Musician, [A Psalm] of David.]] The fool hath said in his heart, [There is] no God. They are corrupt, they have done abominable works, [there is] none that doeth good.
Psalms 94:7 Yet they say, The LORD shall not see, neither shall the God of Jacob regard [it].
Isaiah 5:19 That say, Let him make speed, [and] hasten his work, that we may see [it]: and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw nigh and come, that we may know [it]!
Jeremiah 10:5 They [are] upright as the palm tree, but speak not: they must needs be borne, because they cannot go. Be not afraid of them; for they cannot do evil, neither also [is it] in them to do good.
Ezekiel 8:12 Then said he unto me, Son of man, hast thou seen what the ancients of the house of Israel do in the dark, every man in the chambers of his imagery? for they say, The LORD seeth us not; the LORD hath forsaken the earth.
Ezekiel 9:9 Then said he unto me, The iniquity of the house of Israel and Judah [is] exceeding great, and the land is full of blood, and the city full of perverseness: for they say, The LORD hath forsaken the earth, and the LORD seeth not.
Malachi 3:14-15 Ye have said, It [is] vain to serve God: and what profit [is it] that we have kept his ordinance, and that we have walked mournfully before the LORD of hosts? ... And now we call the proud happy; yea, they that work wickedness are set up; yea, [they that] tempt God are even delivered.
2 Peter 3:4 And saying, Where is the promise of his coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as [they were] from the beginning of the creation.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 21:15. Ps 10:11; 14:1; 94:7. Is 5:19. Jr 10:5; 16:16; 48:11. Ezk 8:12; 9:9. Am 6:1; 9:1. Ob 1:6. Mal 3:14. 2P 3:4. Rv 2:23.

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