Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Zephaniah 1:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wail, ye inhabitants of Maktesh; for all the people of Canaan are undone; all they that were laden with silver are cut off.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Howl, ye inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the merchant people are cut down; all they that bear silver are cut off.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Wail, O inhabitants of the Mortar, For all the people of Canaan will be silenced; All who weigh out silver will be cut off.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Howl, ye inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the merchant people are cut down; all they that bear silver are cut off.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Howl, ye inhabitants of Maktesh; for all the people of Canaan are cut down, all they that are laden with silver are cut off.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Howl, ye inhabitants of the lower city,—because destroyed are all the people of traffic, cut off are all they who were laden with silver.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Howl, ye inhabitants of the hollow place, For cut off hath been all the merchant people, Cut off have been all bearing silver.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Howl, ye inhabitants of the Morter. All the people of Chanaan is hush, all are cut off that were wrapped up in silver.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Howle yee inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the merchant people are cut downe: all they that beare siluer are cut off.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Lament, ye that inhabit the [city] that has been broken down, for all the people has become like Canaan{gr.Chanaan}; and all that were exalted by silver have been utterly destroyed.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Howl, ye inhabitants of Makhtesh, for all the merchant people are cut down; all they that bear silver are cut off.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Howl, 3213
{3213} Prime
יָלַל
yalal
{yaw-lal'}
A primitive root; to howl (with a wailing tone) or yell (with a boisterous one).
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
ye inhabitants 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of Mat מַכתֵּשׁ, 4389
{4389} Prime
מַכְתֵּשׁ
Maktesh
{mak-taysh'}
The same as H4388; dell; the Maktesh, a place in Jerusalem.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the merchant 3667
{3667} Prime
כְּנַעַן
K@na`an
{ken-ah'-an}
From H3665; humiliated; Kenaan, a son of Ham; also the country inhabited by him.
people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
are cut down; 1820
{1820} Prime
דָּמַה
dama
{daw-ma'}
A primitive root; to be dumb or silent; hence to fail or perish; transitively to destroy.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
they that bear 5187
{5187} Prime
נָטִיל
n@tiyl
{net-eel'}
From H5190; laden.
silver 3701
{3701} Prime
כֶּסֶף
keceph
{keh'-sef}
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
are cut off. 3772
{3772} Prime
כָּרַת
karath
{kaw-rath'}
A primitive root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by implication to destroy or consume; specifically to covenant (that is, make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zephaniah 1:11

_ _ Maktesh — rather, “the mortar,” a name applied to the valley of Siloam from its hollow shape [Jerome]. The valley between Zion and Mount Olivet, at the eastern extremity of Mount Moriah, where the merchants dwelt. Zechariah 14:21, “The Canaanite,” namely, merchant [Chaldee Version]. The Tyropoeon (that is, cheese-makers’) valley below Mount Akra [Rosenmuller]. Better Jerusalem itself, so called as lying in the midst of hills (Isaiah 22:1; Jeremiah 21:13) and as doomed to be the scene of its people being destroyed as corn or drugs are pounded in a mortar (Proverbs 27:22) [Maurer]. Compare the similar image of a “pot” (Ezekiel 24:3, Ezekiel 24:6). The reason for the destruction is subjoined, namely, its merchant people’s greediness of gain.

_ _ all the merchant people — literally, the “Canaanite people”: irony: all the merchant people of Jerusalem are very Canaanites in greed for gain and in idolatries (see on Hosea 12:7).

_ _ all ... that bear silver — loading themselves with that which will prove but a burden (Habakkuk 2:6).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zephaniah 1:7-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zephaniah 1:11

Howl — Cry aloud, and bitterly. Maktesh — The lower town. Merchant people — Who were wont to lodge in this place. That bear silver — That brought it with them to pay for what they bought.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zephaniah 1:11

Howl, ye inhabitants of (g) Maktesh, for all the merchant people are cut down; all they that bear silver are cut off.

(g) This is meant of the street of the merchants which was lower than the rest of the place around it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Howl:

Jeremiah 4:8 For this gird you with sackcloth, lament and howl: for the fierce anger of the LORD is not turned back from us.
Jeremiah 25:34 Howl, ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow yourselves [in the ashes], ye principal of the flock: for the days of your slaughter and of your dispersions are accomplished; and ye shall fall like a pleasant vessel.
Ezekiel 21:12 Cry and howl, son of man: for it shall be upon my people, it [shall be] upon all the princes of Israel: terrors by reason of the sword shall be upon my people: smite therefore upon [thy] thigh.
Joel 1:5 Awake, ye drunkards, and weep; and howl, all ye drinkers of wine, because of the new wine; for it is cut off from your mouth.
Joel 1:13 Gird yourselves, and lament, ye priests: howl, ye ministers of the altar: come, lie all night in sackcloth, ye ministers of my God: for the meat offering and the drink offering is withholden from the house of your God.
Zechariah 11:2-3 Howl, fir tree; for the cedar is fallen; because the mighty are spoiled: howl, O ye oaks of Bashan; for the forest of the vintage is come down. ... [There is] a voice of the howling of the shepherds; for their glory is spoiled: a voice of the roaring of young lions; for the pride of Jordan is spoiled.
James 5:1 Go to now, [ye] rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon [you].

all the:

Nehemiah 3:31-32 After him repaired Malchiah the goldsmith's son unto the place of the Nethinims, and of the merchants, over against the gate Miphkad, and to the going up of the corner. ... And between the going up of the corner unto the sheep gate repaired the goldsmiths and the merchants.
Hosea 12:7-8 [He is] a merchant, the balances of deceit [are] in his hand: he loveth to oppress. ... And Ephraim said, Yet I am become rich, I have found me out substance: [in] all my labours they shall find none iniquity in me that [were] sin.
John 2:16 And said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make not my Father's house an house of merchandise.
Revelation 18:11-18 And the merchants of the earth shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise any more: ... And cried when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, What [city is] like unto this great city!
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ne 3:31. Jr 4:8; 25:34. Ezk 21:12. Ho 12:7. Jol 1:5, 13. Zc 11:2. Jn 2:16. Jm 5:1. Rv 18:11.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Zephaniah 1:11.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Zephaniah 1:11


Recent Chat Bible Comments