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Zechariah 9:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and Hamath, also, which bordereth thereon; Tyre and Sidon, because they are very wise.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Hamath also shall border thereby; Tyrus, and Zidon, though it be very wise.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And Hamath also, which borders on it; Tyre and Sidon, though they are very wise.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Hamath also shall border by it; Tyre and Zidon, though it be very wise.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and also [on] Hamath [which] bordereth thereon; on Tyre and Zidon, though she be very wise.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Moreover also, Hamath, adjoineth thereto, Tyre and Zidon,—because very wise;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And also Hamath doth border thereon, Tyre and Zidon, for—very wise!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Emath also in the borders thereof, and Tyre, and Sidon: for they have taken to themselves to be exceeding wise.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Hamath also shall border thereby; Tyrus and Zidon, though it be very wise.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And in Hamath{gr.Emath}, [even] in her coasts, [are] Tyre and Zidon{gr.Sidon}, because they were very wise.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Chamath also shall border thereby; Tzor, and Tzidon, though it be very wise.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And m חֲמָת 2574
{2574} Prime
חֲמָת
Chamath
{kham-awth'}
From the same as H2346; walled; Chamath, a place in Syria.
also x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
shall border 1379
{1379} Prime
גָּבַל
gabal
{gaw-bal'}
A primitive root; properly to twist as a rope; only (as a denominative from H1366) to bound (as by a line).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
thereby; Xr צוֹר, 6865
{6865} Prime
צֹר
Tsor
{tsore}
The same as H6864; a rock; Tsor, a place in Palestine.
and Xn צִידוֹן, 6721
{6721} Prime
צִידוֹן
Tsiydown
{tsee-done'}
From H6679 in the sense of catching fish; fishery; Tsidon, the name of a son of Canaan, and of a place in Palestine.
though x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
it be very 3966
{3966} Prime
מְאֹד
m@`od
{meh-ode'}
From the same as H0181; properly vehemence, that is, (with or without preposition) vehemently; by implication wholly, speedily, etc. (often with other words as an intensive or superlative; especially when repeated).
wise. 2449
{2449} Prime
חָכַם
chakam
{khaw-kam'}
A primitive root, to be wise (in mind, word or act).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zechariah 9:2

_ _ Hamath — a Syrian kingdom with a capital of the same name, north of Damascus.

_ _ shall border thereby — shall be joined to Damascus in treatment, as it is in position; shall share in the burden of wrath of which Damascus is the resting-place. Maurer understands “which”; “Hamath, which borders on Damascus, also shall be the resting-place of Jehovah’s wrath” (the latter words being supplied from Zechariah 9:1). Riblah, the scene of the Jews’ sufferings from their foe, was there: it therefore shall suffer (2 Kings 23:33; 2 Kings 25:6, 2 Kings 25:7, 2 Kings 25:20, 2 Kings 25:21).

_ _ Tyrus ... Zidon — lying in the conqueror’s way on his march along the Mediterranean to Egypt (compare Isaiah 23:1-18). Zidon, the older city, surrendered, and Abdolonymus was made its viceroy.

_ _ very wise — in her own eyes. Referring to Tyre: Zechariah 9:3 shows wherein her wisdom consisted, namely, in building a stronghold, and heaping up gold and silver (Ezekiel 38:3, Ezekiel 38:5, Ezekiel 38:12, Ezekiel 38:17). On Alexander’s expressing his wish to sacrifice in Hercules’ temple in New Tyre on the island, she showed her wisdom in sending a golden crown, and replying that the true and ancient temple of Hercules was at Old Tyre on the mainland. With all her wisdom she cannot avert her doom.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zechariah 9:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zechariah 9:2

Hamath — A principal town of Syria. Shall border — Shall be so near the storm, that they shall not quite escape. Very wise — Each of them are subtle, and think by craft to save themselves, but God derides their wisdom.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zechariah 9:2

And Hamath also shall border (d) by it; Tyre, and Zidon, though it be (e) very wise.

(d) That is, by Damascus: meaning, that Harnath or Antiochia would be under the same rod and plague.

(e) He secretly shows the cause of their destruction, because they deceived all others by their craft and subtilty, which they cloaked with this name of wisdom.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Hamath:

Numbers 13:21 So they went up, and searched the land from the wilderness of Zin unto Rehob, as men come to Hamath.
2 Kings 23:33 And Pharaohnechoh put him in bands at Riblah in the land of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and put the land to a tribute of an hundred talents of silver, and a talent of gold.
2 Kings 25:21 And the king of Babylon smote them, and slew them at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah was carried away out of their land.
Jeremiah 49:23 Concerning Damascus. Hamath is confounded, and Arpad: for they have heard evil tidings: they are fainthearted; [there is] sorrow on the sea; it cannot be quiet.
Amos 6:14 But, behold, I will raise up against you a nation, O house of Israel, saith the LORD the God of hosts; and they shall afflict you from the entering in of Hemath unto the river of the wilderness.

Tyrus:

Isaiah 23:1-18 The burden of Tyre. Howl, ye ships of Tarshish; for it is laid waste, so that there is no house, no entering in: from the land of Chittim it is revealed to them. ... And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the LORD, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing.
Ezekiel 26:1-28:26 And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first [day] of the month, [that] the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, ... And they shall dwell safely therein, and shall build houses, and plant vineyards; yea, they shall dwell with confidence, when I have executed judgments upon all those that despise them round about them; and they shall know that I [am] the LORD their God.
Joel 3:4-8 Yea, and what have ye to do with me, O Tyre, and Zidon, and all the coasts of Palestine? will ye render me a recompence? and if ye recompense me, swiftly [and] speedily will I return your recompence upon your own head; ... And I will sell your sons and your daughters into the hand of the children of Judah, and they shall sell them to the Sabeans, to a people far off: for the LORD hath spoken [it].
Amos 1:9-10 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Tyrus, and for four, I will not turn away [the punishment] thereof; because they delivered up the whole captivity to Edom, and remembered not the brotherly covenant: ... But I will send a fire on the wall of Tyrus, which shall devour the palaces thereof.

Zidon:

1 Kings 17:9 Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which [belongeth] to Zidon, and dwell there: behold, I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain thee.
Ezekiel 28:21-26 Son of man, set thy face against Zidon, and prophesy against it, ... And they shall dwell safely therein, and shall build houses, and plant vineyards; yea, they shall dwell with confidence, when I have executed judgments upon all those that despise them round about them; and they shall know that I [am] the LORD their God.
Obadiah 1:20 And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel [shall possess] that of the Canaanites, [even] unto Zarephath; and the captivity of Jerusalem, which [is] in Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the south.

it be:

Ezekiel 28:3-5 Behold, thou [art] wiser than Daniel; there is no secret that they can hide from thee: ... By thy great wisdom [and] by thy traffick hast thou increased thy riches, and thine heart is lifted up because of thy riches:
Ezekiel 28:12 Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 13:21. 1K 17:9. 2K 23:33; 25:21. Is 23:1. Jr 49:23. Ezk 26:1; 28:3, 12, 21. Jol 3:4. Am 1:9; 6:14. Ob 1:20.

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