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Zechariah 9:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For how great is his goodness, and how great is his beauty! grain shall make the young men flourish, and new wine the virgins.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For how great [is] his goodness, and how great [is] his beauty! corn shall make the young men cheerful, and new wine the maids.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For what comeliness and beauty [will be] theirs! Grain will make the young men flourish, and new wine the virgins.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For how great [is] his goodness, and how great [is] his beauty! corn shall make the young men cheerful, and new wine the maids.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For how great is his goodness, and how great is his beauty! Corn shall make the young men flourish, and new wine the maidens.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For how excellent it is! Yea how beautiful! Corn, shall make the young men flourish, and new wine the maidens.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For what His goodness! and what His beauty! Corn the young men, And new wine the virgins—make fruitful!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For what is the good thing of him, and what is his beautiful thing, but the corn of the elect, and wine springing forth virgins?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For how great [is] his goodnesse, and how great [is] his beautie? corne shal make the yong men cheerefull, and new wine the maides.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For if he has anything good, and if he has anything fair, the young [men shall have] corn, and [there shall be] fragrant wine to the virgins.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For how great [is] his goodness, and how great [is] his beauty! corn shall make the young men cheerful, and new wine the maids.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
how x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
great [is] his goodness, 2898
{2898} Prime
טוּב
tuwb
{toob}
From H2895; good (as a noun), in the widest sense, especially goodness (superlatively concrete, the best), beauty, gladness, welfare.
and how x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
great [is] his beauty! 3308
{3308} Prime
יֳפִי
yophiy
{yof-ee'}
From H3302; beauty.
corn 1715
{1715} Prime
דָּגָן
dagan
{daw-gawn'}
From H1711; properly increase, that is, grain.
shall make the young men 970
{0970} Prime
בָּחוּר
bachuwr
{baw-khoor'}
Participle passive of H0977; properly selected, that is, a youth (often collectively).
cheerful, 5107
{5107} Prime
נוּב
nuwb
{noob}
A primitive root; to germinate, that is, (figuratively) to (causatively make) flourish; also (of words), to utter.
z8766
<8766> Grammar
Stem - Pilel (See H8841)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2
and new wine 8492
{8492} Prime
תִּירוֹשׁ
tiyrowsh
{tee-roshe'}
From H3423 in the sense of expulsion; must or fresh grape juice (as just squeezed out); by implication (rarely) fermented wine.
the maids. 1330
{1330} Prime
בְּתוּלָה
b@thuwlah
{beth-oo-law'}
Feminine passive participle of an unused root meaning to separate; a virgin (from her privacy); sometimes (by continuation) a bride; also (figuratively) a city or state.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zechariah 9:17

_ _ his goodness ... his beauty — the goodness and beauty which Jehovah-Messiah bestows on His people. Not as Maurer thinks, the goodness, etc., of His land or His people (Psalms 31:19; Jeremiah 31:12).

_ _ make ... cheerful — literally, “make it grow.”

_ _ new wine the maids — supply, “shall make ... to grow.” Corn and wine abundant indicate peace and plenty. The new wine gladdening the maids is peculiar to this passage. It confutes those who interdict the use of wine as food. The Jews, heretofore straitened in provisions through pressure of the foe, shall now have abundance to cheer, not merely the old, but even the youths and maidens [Calvin].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zechariah 9:12-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zechariah 9:17

His goodness — Infinite goodness is the fountain of all the good done for this people. His beauty — How wonderful the beauty of Divine Providence in Israel's deliverance and salvation? Corn — Plentiful harvests shall make the young men chearful in sowing, reaping, and eating the fruits thereof. New wine — There shall be such plenty of wine, that all, young and old, shall be cheared with it.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
how great is his goodness:

Psalms 31:19 [Oh] how great [is] thy goodness, which thou hast laid up for them that fear thee; [which] thou hast wrought for them that trust in thee before the sons of men!
Psalms 36:7 How excellent [is] thy lovingkindness, O God! therefore the children of men put their trust under the shadow of thy wings.
Psalms 86:5 For thou, Lord, [art] good, and ready to forgive; and plenteous in mercy unto all them that call upon thee.
Psalms 86:15 But thou, O Lord, [art] a God full of compassion, and gracious, longsuffering, and plenteous in mercy and truth.
Psalms 145:7 They shall abundantly utter the memory of thy great goodness, and shall sing of thy righteousness.
Isaiah 63:7 I will mention the lovingkindnesses of the LORD, [and] the praises of the LORD, according to all that the LORD hath bestowed on us, and the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which he hath bestowed on them according to his mercies, and according to the multitude of his lovingkindnesses.
Isaiah 63:15 Look down from heaven, and behold from the habitation of thy holiness and of thy glory: where [is] thy zeal and thy strength, the sounding of thy bowels and of thy mercies toward me? are they restrained?
John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
Romans 5:8 But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
Romans 5:20 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:
Ephesians 1:7-8 In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace; ... Wherein he hath abounded toward us in all wisdom and prudence;
Ephesians 2:4-5 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us, ... Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;)
Ephesians 3:18-19 May be able to comprehend with all saints what [is] the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; ... And to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God.
Titus 3:4-7 But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, ... That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
1 John 4:8-11 He that loveth not knoweth not God; for God is love. ... Beloved, if God so loved us, we ought also to love one another.

how great is his beauty:

Exodus 15:11 Who [is] like unto thee, O LORD, among the gods? who [is] like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful [in] praises, doing wonders?
Psalms 45:2 Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.
Psalms 50:2 Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God hath shined.
Psalms 90:17 And let the beauty of the LORD our God be upon us: and establish thou the work of our hands upon us; yea, the work of our hands establish thou it.
Song of Songs 5:10 My beloved [is] white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.
Isaiah 33:17 Thine eyes shall see the king in his beauty: they shall behold the land that is very far off.
John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
2 Corinthians 4:4-6 In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them. ... For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to [give] the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
Revelation 5:12-14 Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing. ... And the four beasts said, Amen. And the four [and] twenty elders fell down and worshipped him that liveth for ever and ever.

corn:

Isaiah 62:8-9 The LORD hath sworn by his right hand, and by the arm of his strength, Surely I will no more give thy corn [to be] meat for thine enemies; and the sons of the stranger shall not drink thy wine, for the which thou hast laboured: ... But they that have gathered it shall eat it, and praise the LORD; and they that have brought it together shall drink it in the courts of my holiness.
Isaiah 65:13-14 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, my servants shall eat, but ye shall be hungry: behold, my servants shall drink, but ye shall be thirsty: behold, my servants shall rejoice, but ye shall be ashamed: ... Behold, my servants shall sing for joy of heart, but ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall howl for vexation of spirit.
Hosea 2:21-22 And it shall come to pass in that day, I will hear, saith the LORD, I will hear the heavens, and they shall hear the earth; ... And the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil; and they shall hear Jezreel.
Joel 2:26 And ye shall eat in plenty, and be satisfied, and praise the name of the LORD your God, that hath dealt wondrously with you: and my people shall never be ashamed.
Joel 3:18 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] the mountains shall drop down new wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the rivers of Judah shall flow with waters, and a fountain shall come forth of the house of the LORD, and shall water the valley of Shittim.
Amos 8:11-14 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord GOD, that I will send a famine in the land, not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the LORD: ... They that swear by the sin of Samaria, and say, Thy god, O Dan, liveth; and, The manner of Beersheba liveth; even they shall fall, and never rise up again.
Amos 9:13-14 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that the plowman shall overtake the reaper, and the treader of grapes him that soweth seed; and the mountains shall drop sweet wine, and all the hills shall melt. ... And I will bring again the captivity of my people of Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, and inhabit [them]; and they shall plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof; they shall also make gardens, and eat the fruit of them.
Ephesians 5:18-19 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit; ... Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord;

cheerful:
or, grow, or, speak,
Song of Songs 7:9 And the roof of thy mouth like the best wine for my beloved, that goeth [down] sweetly, causing the lips of those that are asleep to speak.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 15:11. Ps 31:19; 36:7; 45:2; 50:2; 86:5, 15; 90:17; 145:7. So 5:10; 7:9. Is 33:17; 62:8; 63:7, 15; 65:13. Ho 2:21. Jol 2:26; 3:18. Am 8:11; 9:13. Jn 1:14; 3:16. Ro 5:8, 20. 2Co 4:4. Ep 1:7; 2:4; 3:18; 5:18. Tit 3:4. 1Jn 4:8. Rv 5:12.

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