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Zechariah 8:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— These are the things that ye shall do: speak ye every man the truth with his neighbor; execute the judgment of truth and peace in your gates;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— These [are] the things that ye shall do; Speak ye every man the truth to his neighbour; execute the judgment of truth and peace in your gates:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘These are the things which you should do: speak the truth to one another; judge with truth and judgment for peace in your gates.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— These [are] the things that ye shall do; Speak ye every man the truth to his neighbor; execute the judgment of truth and peace in your gates:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— These are the things that ye shall do: Speak truth every one with his neighbour; execute truth and the judgment of peace in your gates;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— These, are the things which ye shall do: Speak ye the truth, every man with his neighbour, truth and the sentence of peace, pronounce ye in your gates;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— These [are] the things that ye do: Speak ye truth each with his neighbour, Truth and peaceful judgment judge in your gates,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— These then are the things, which you shall do: Speak ye truth every one to his neighbour; judge ye truth and judgment of peace in your gates.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— These [are] the things that yee shall doe; Speake yee euery man the truth to his neighbor: execute the iudgment of trueth and peace in your gates.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— These [are] the things which ye shall do; speak truth every one with his neighbour; judge truth and peaceable judgment in your gates:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— These [are] the things that ye shall do; Speak ye every man the truth to his neighbour; execute the judgment of truth and peace in your gates:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
These x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
[are] the things 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
ye shall do; 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Speak 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
ye every man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
the truth 571
{0571} Prime
אֱמֶת
'emeth
{eh'-meth}
Contracted from H0539; stability; figuratively certainty, truth, trustworthiness.
to x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
his neighbour; 7453
{7453} Prime
רֵעַ
rea`
{ray'-ah}
From H7462; an associate (more or less close).
execute 8199
{8199} Prime
שָׁפַט
shaphat
{shaw-fat'}
A primitive root; to judge, that is, pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication to vindicate or punish; by extension to govern; passively to litigate (literally or figuratively).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
the judgment 4941
{4941} Prime
מִשְׁפָּט
mishpat
{mish-pawt'}
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
of truth 571
{0571} Prime
אֱמֶת
'emeth
{eh'-meth}
Contracted from H0539; stability; figuratively certainty, truth, trustworthiness.
and peace 7965
{7965} Prime
שָׁלוֹם
shalowm
{shaw-lome'}
From H7999; safe, that is, (figuratively) well, happy, friendly; also (abstractly) welfare, that is, health, prosperity, peace.
in your gates: 8179
{8179} Prime
שַׁעַר
sha`ar
{shah'-ar}
From H8176 in its original sense; an opening, that is, door or gate.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zechariah 8:16-17

_ _ The promised blessings are connected with obedience. God’s covenanted grace will lead those truly blessed by it to holiness, not licentiousness.

_ _ truth to ... neighbour — not that the truth should not be spoken to foreigners too; but He makes it an aggravation of their sin, that they spared not even their brethren. Besides, and above all outward ordinances (Zechariah 7:3), God requires truth and justice.

_ _ judgment of ... peace — Equitable decisions tend to allay feuds and produce peace.

_ _ gates — the place where courts of judicature in the East were held.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zechariah 8:9-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zechariah 8:16

Judgment of truth — True judgment. Peace — That may restore, and settle peace among you. Gates — The places of judicature, where the judges sat.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
are:

Deuteronomy 10:12-13 And now, Israel, what doth the LORD thy God require of thee, but to fear the LORD thy God, to walk in all his ways, and to love him, and to serve the LORD thy God with all thy heart and with all thy soul, ... To keep the commandments of the LORD, and his statutes, which I command thee this day for thy good?
Deuteronomy 11:7-8 But your eyes have seen all the great acts of the LORD which he did. ... Therefore shall ye keep all the commandments which I command you this day, that ye may be strong, and go in and possess the land, whither ye go to possess it;
Micah 6:8 He hath shewed thee, O man, what [is] good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?
Luke 3:8-14 Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to [our] father: for I say unto you, That God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham. ... And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse [any] falsely; and be content with your wages.
Ephesians 4:17 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind,
1 Peter 1:13-16 Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ; ... Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.

Speak:

Zechariah 8:19 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The fast of the fourth [month], and the fast of the fifth, and the fast of the seventh, and the fast of the tenth, shall be to the house of Judah joy and gladness, and cheerful feasts; therefore love the truth and peace.
Zechariah 7:9 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and shew mercy and compassions every man to his brother:
Leviticus 19:11 Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another.
Psalms 15:2 He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteousness, and speaketh the truth in his heart.
Proverbs 12:17 [He that] speaketh truth sheweth forth righteousness: but a false witness deceit.
Proverbs 12:19 The lip of truth shall be established for ever: but a lying tongue [is] but for a moment.
Jeremiah 9:3-5 And they bend their tongues [like] their bow [for] lies: but they are not valiant for the truth upon the earth; for they proceed from evil to evil, and they know not me, saith the LORD. ... And they will deceive every one his neighbour, and will not speak the truth: they have taught their tongue to speak lies, [and] weary themselves to commit iniquity.
Hosea 4:1-2 Hear the word of the LORD, ye children of Israel: for the LORD hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because [there is] no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land. ... By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood.
Micah 6:12 For the rich men thereof are full of violence, and the inhabitants thereof have spoken lies, and their tongue [is] deceitful in their mouth.
Ephesians 4:25 Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour: for we are members one of another.
1 Thessalonians 4:6 That no [man] go beyond and defraud his brother in [any] matter: because that the Lord [is] the avenger of all such, as we also have forewarned you and testified.
Revelation 21:8 But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.

execute the judgment of truth and peace:
Heb. judge truth and the judgment of peace,
Zechariah 7:9 Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and shew mercy and compassions every man to his brother:
Isaiah 9:7 Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Isaiah 11:3-9 And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears: ... They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea.
Amos 5:15 Hate the evil, and love the good, and establish judgment in the gate: it may be that the LORD God of hosts will be gracious unto the remnant of Joseph.
Amos 5:24 But let judgment run down as waters, and righteousness as a mighty stream.
Matthew 5:9 Blessed [are] the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 19:11. Dt 10:12; 11:7. Ps 15:2. Pv 12:17, 19. Is 9:7; 11:3. Jr 9:3. Ho 4:1. Am 5:15, 24. Mi 6:8, 12. Zc 7:9; 8:19. Mt 5:9. Lk 3:8. Ep 4:17, 25. 1Th 4:6. 1P 1:13. Rv 21:8.

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