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Zechariah 7:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now [they of] Beth-el had sent Sharezer and Regem-melech, and their men, to entreat the favor of Jehovah,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— When they had sent unto the house of God Sherezer and Regemmelech, and their men, to pray before the LORD,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now [the town of] Bethel had sent Sharezer and Regemmelech and their men to seek the favor of the LORD,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— When they had sent to the house of God Sherezer and Regem-melech, and their men, to pray before the LORD,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— when Bethel had sent Sherezer and Regem-melech, and his men, to supplicate Jehovah,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— yea when Bethel sent Sherezer and Regemmelech, and his men,—to pacify the face of Yahweh:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Beth-El sendeth Sherezer and Regem-Melech, and its men, to appease the face of Jehovah,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— When Sarasar, and Rogommelech, and the men that were with him, sent to the house of God, to entreat the face of the Lord:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— When they had sent vnto the house of God, Sherezer and Regem-melech, and their men to pray before the LORD,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Sarasar and Arbeseer the king and his men sent to Bethel, and [that] to propitiate the Lord,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— When they had sent unto the house of El Saretzer and Regem Melekh, and their men, to pray before Yahweh,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
When they had sent 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto the house y1004
[1004] Standard
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of l אֵל y410
[0410] Standard
אֵל
'el
{ale}
Shortened from H0352; strength; as adjective mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity).
x1008
(1008) Complement
בֵּית־אֵל
Beyth-'El
{bayth-ale'}
From H1004 and H0410; house of God; Beth-El, a place in Palestine.
arexer שַׂראֶצֶר 8272
{8272} Prime
שַׂרְאֶצֶר
Shar'etser
{shar-eh'-tser}
Of foreign derivation; Sharetser, the name of an Assyrian and an Israelite.
and Reqem Mele רֶגֶם־מֶלֶך, 7278
{7278} Prime
רֶגֶם מֶלֶךְ
Regem Melek
{reh'-gem meh'-lek}
From H7276 and H4428; king's heap; Regem Melek, an Israelite.
and their men, y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
to pray 2470
{2470} Prime
חָלָה
chalah
{khaw-law'}
A primitive root (compare H2342, H2490); properly to be rubbed or worn; hence (figuratively) to be weak, sick, afflicted; or (causatively) to grieve, make sick; also to stroke (in flattering), entreat.
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zechariah 7:2

_ _ they ... sent unto ... house of GodThe Jews of the country sent to the house of God or congregation at Jerusalem. The altar was long since reared (Ezra 3:3), though the temple was not completed till two years afterwards (Ezra 6:15). The priests’ duty was to give decision on points of the law (Deuteronomy 17:9; Matthew 2:4). Beth-el is here used instead of Beth-Jehovah, because the religious authorities, rather than the house itself (designated “Beth-Jehovah” in Zechariah 7:3), are intended. The old Beth-el had long ceased to be the seat of idol-worship, so that the name had lost its opprobrious meaning. “The house of the Lord” is used for the congregation of worshippers headed by their priests (Zechariah 3:7; Hosea 8:1). Maurer makes the “house of God” nominative to “sent.” Henderson makes “Beth-el” so.

_ _ Sherezer — an Assyrian name meaning, “Prefect of the treasury.”

_ _ Regemmelech — meaning, “The king’s official.” These names perhaps intimate the semi-heathen character of the inquirers, which may also be implied in the name “Beth-el” (Hebrew for “house of God”), so notorious once for its calf-worship. They sent to Jehovah’s house as their forefathers sent to old Beth-el, not in the spirit of true obedience.

_ _ pray before the Lord — literally, “to entreat the face of,” that is, to offer sacrifices, the accompaniment of prayers, to conciliate His favor (1 Samuel 13:12).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zechariah 7:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zechariah 7:2

When they — The captives who still continued in Babylon. The house of God — The temple, which now half built began to be frequented. Regem — melech — It appears not who these were, but no doubt they were eminent in dignity and piety. Their men — The train of friends that accompanied them. To pray — To intreat the Lord for pardon of what was past, acceptance of them at present, and an answer to their enquiry.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zechariah 7:2

When (b) they had sent to the house of God Sherezer and Regemmelech, and their men, to pray before the LORD,

(b) That is, the rest of the people that yet remained in Chaldea, sent to the Church at Jerusalem for the resolution of these questions, because these feasts were consented upon by the agreement of the whole Church, the one in the month that the temple was destroyed, and the other when Gedaliah was slain; (Jeremiah 41:2).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they:

Zechariah 6:10 Take of [them of] the captivity, [even] of Heldai, of Tobijah, and of Jedaiah, which are come from Babylon, and come thou the same day, and go into the house of Josiah the son of Zephaniah;
Ezra 6:10 That they may offer sacrifices of sweet savours unto the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king, and of his sons.
Ezra 7:15-23 And to carry the silver and gold, which the king and his counsellors have freely offered unto the God of Israel, whose habitation [is] in Jerusalem, ... Whatsoever is commanded by the God of heaven, let it be diligently done for the house of the God of heaven: for why should there be wrath against the realm of the king and his sons?
Ezra 8:28-30 And I said unto them, Ye [are] holy unto the LORD; the vessels [are] holy also; and the silver and the gold [are] a freewill offering unto the LORD God of your fathers. ... So took the priests and the Levites the weight of the silver, and the gold, and the vessels, to bring [them] to Jerusalem unto the house of our God.
Isaiah 60:7 All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee: they shall come up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my glory.

pray before the LORD[YHWH]:
Heb. intreat the face of the Lord,
Zechariah 8:21 And the inhabitants of one [city] shall go to another, saying, Let us go speedily to pray before the LORD, and to seek the LORD of hosts: I will go also.
Exodus 32:11 And Moses besought the LORD his God, and said, LORD, why doth thy wrath wax hot against thy people, which thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and with a mighty hand?
*marg.
1 Samuel 13:12 Therefore said I, The Philistines will come down now upon me to Gilgal, and I have not made supplication unto the LORD: I forced myself therefore, and offered a burnt offering.
1 Kings 13:6 And the king answered and said unto the man of God, Intreat now the face of the LORD thy God, and pray for me, that my hand may be restored me again. And the man of God besought the LORD, and the king's hand was restored him again, and became as [it was] before.
Jeremiah 26:19 Did Hezekiah king of Judah and all Judah put him at all to death? did he not fear the LORD, and besought the LORD, and the LORD repented him of the evil which he had pronounced against them? Thus might we procure great evil against our souls.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 32:11. 1S 13:12. 1K 13:6. Ezr 6:10; 7:15; 8:28. Is 60:7. Jr 26:19. Zc 6:10; 8:21.

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