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Zechariah 6:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [The chariot] wherein are the black horses goeth forth toward the north country; and the white went forth after them; and the grizzled went forth toward the south country.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The black horses which [are] therein go forth into the north country; and the white go forth after them; and the grisled go forth toward the south country.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— with one of which the black horses are going forth to the north country; and the white ones go forth after them, while the dappled ones go forth to the south country.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The black horses which [are] therein go forth into the north country; and the white go forth after them; and the grizzled go forth towards the south country.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— That in which are the black horses goeth forth into the north country; and the white go forth after them; and the grisled go forth towards the south country;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— They in whose chariot are the black horses, are going forth into the land of the North, and, the white, have gone forth after them,—and, the spotted, have gone forth into the land of the South;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The brown horses that [are] therein, are coming forth unto the land of the north; and the white have come forth unto their hinder part; and the grisled have come forth unto the land of the south;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— That in which were the black horses went forth into the land of the north, and the white went forth after them: and the grisled went forth to the land the south.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The blacke horses which are therin, goe forth into the North countrey, and the white goe forth after them, and the grisled goe forth toward the South countrey.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [As for the chariot] in which were the black horses, they went out to the land of the north; and the white went out after them; and the piebald went out to the land of the south.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The black horses which [are] therein go forth into the north country; and the white go forth after them; and the grisled go forth toward the south country.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The black 7838
{7838} Prime
שָׁחֹר
shachor
{shaw-khore'}
From H7835; properly dusky, but also (absolutely) jetty.
horses 5483
{5483} Prime
סוּס
cuwc
{soos}
From an unused root meaning to skip (properly for joy); a horse (as leaping); also a swallow (from its rapid flight).
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[are] therein go forth 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
into x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the north 6828
{6828} Prime
צָפוֹן
tsaphown
{tsaw-fone'}
From H6845; properly hidden, that is, dark; used only of the north as a quarter (gloomy and unknown).
country; 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
and the white 3836
{3836} Prime
לָבָן
laban
{law-bawn'}
From H3835; white.
go forth 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
after 310
{0310} Prime
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
them; and the grisled 1261
{1261} Prime
בָּרֹד
barod
{baw-rode'}
From H1258; spotted (as if with hail).
go forth 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
toward x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
the south 8486
{8486} Prime
תֵּימָן
teyman
{tay-mawn'}
Denominative from H3225; the south (as being on the right hand of a person facing the east).
country. 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zechariah 6:6

_ _ north country — Babylon (see on Jeremiah 1:14). The north is the quarter specified in particular whence Judah and Israel are hereafter to return to their own land (Zechariah 2:6; Jeremiah 3:18). “The black horses” go to Babylon, primarily to represent the awful desolation with which Darius visited it in the fifth year of his reign (two years after this prophecy) for revolting [Henderson]. The “white” go after the “black” horses to the same country; two sets being sent to it because of its greater cruelty and guilt in respect to Judea. The white represent Darius triumphant subjugation of it [Moore]. Rather, I think, the white are sent to victoriously subdue Medo-Persia, the second world kingdom, lying in the same quarter as Babylon, namely, north.

_ _ grizzled ... toward the south — that is, to Egypt, the other great foe of God’s people. It, being a part of the Graeco-Macedonian kingdom, stands for the whole of it, the third world kingdom.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zechariah 6:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zechariah 6:6

The black horses — The angels signified by the black horses are the executioners of God's just displeasure. Therein — In the second chariot. The north — country — Babylon. The grisled — The angels signified by these, managed the Roman power, which was sometimes favourable, sometimes fierce and severe, to those they had to do with. The south — country — Egypt and Arabia, which lay south of Judea. It may perhaps point at their invading Africa too, whose punishments were mixed, with kindness and mercy more than the punishments of Babylon were.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zechariah 6:6

The black horses which [are] in it go forth into the north country; and the white go forth after them; and the spotted go forth toward the (h) south country.

(h) That is, towards Egypt, and other countries there about.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the north:

Jeremiah 1:14-15 Then the LORD said unto me, Out of the north an evil shall break forth upon all the inhabitants of the land. ... For, lo, I will call all the families of the kingdoms of the north, saith the LORD; and they shall come, and they shall set every one his throne at the entering of the gates of Jerusalem, and against all the walls thereof round about, and against all the cities of Judah.
Jeremiah 4:6 Set up the standard toward Zion: retire, stay not: for I will bring evil from the north, and a great destruction.
Jeremiah 6:1 O ye children of Benjamin, gather yourselves to flee out of the midst of Jerusalem, and blow the trumpet in Tekoa, and set up a sign of fire in Bethhaccerem: for evil appeareth out of the north, and great destruction.
Jeremiah 25:9 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.
Jeremiah 46:10 For this [is] the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries: and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiate and made drunk with their blood: for the Lord GOD of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates.
Jeremiah 51:48 Then the heaven and the earth, and all that [is] therein, shall sing for Babylon: for the spoilers shall come unto her from the north, saith the LORD.
Ezekiel 1:4 And I looked, and, behold, a whirlwind came out of the north, a great cloud, and a fire infolding itself, and a brightness [was] about it, and out of the midst thereof as the colour of amber, out of the midst of the fire.

go forth after:

Daniel 7:5-6 And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and [it had] three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh. ... After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it.
Daniel 11:3-4 And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will. ... And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those.

toward:

Daniel 11:5-6 And the king of the south shall be strong, and [one] of his princes; and he shall be strong above him, and have dominion; his dominion [shall be] a great dominion. ... And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king's daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement: but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in [these] times.
Daniel 11:9 So the king of the south shall come into [his] kingdom, and shall return into his own land.
Daniel 11:40 And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over.
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Jr 1:14; 4:6; 6:1; 25:9; 46:10; 51:48. Ezk 1:4. Dn 7:5; 11:3, 5, 9, 40.

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