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Zechariah 6:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh Jehovah of hosts, saying, Behold, the man whose name is the Branch: and he shall grow up out of his place; and he shall build the temple of Jehovah;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name [is] The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the LORD:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Then say to him, ‘Thus says the LORD of hosts, “Behold, a man whose name is Branch, for He will branch out from where He is; and He will build the temple of the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And speak to him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name [is] The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the LORD;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh Jehovah of hosts, saying, Behold a man whose name is [the] Branch; and he shall grow up from his own place, and he shall build the temple of Jehovah:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— then shalt thou speak unto him, saying, Thus, speaketh Yahweh of hosts, saying,—Lo! a man! Bud, is his name, and, out of his own place, shall he bud forth, and shall build the temple of Yahweh;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and hast spoken unto him, saying: Thus spake Jehovah of Hosts, saying: Lo, a man! A Shoot—[is] his name, And from his place he doth shoot up, And he hath built the temple of Jehovah.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And thou shalt speak to him, saying: Thus saith the Lord of hosts, saying: BEHOLD A MAN, THE ORIENT IS HIS NAME: and under him shall he spring up, and shall build a temple to the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And speake vnto him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hostes, saying, Behold, the man whose name [is] the BRANCH, and he shall growe vp out of his place, and he shall build the Temple of the LORD:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and thou shalt say to him, Thus saith the Lord Almighty; Behold the man whose name is The Branch; and he shall spring up from his stem, and build the house of the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh Yahweh Tzevaoth, saying, Behold the man whose name [is] The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of Yahweh:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And speak 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
him, saying, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Thus x3541
(3541) Complement
כֹּה
koh
{ko}
From the prefix K and H1931; properly like this, that is, by implication (of manner) thus (or so); also (of place) here (or hither); or (of time) now.
speaketh 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Xv צְבָאוֹת, 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
saying, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Behold x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
the man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
whose name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
[is] The BRANCH; 6780
{6780} Prime
צֶמַח
tsemach
{tseh'-makh}
From H6779; a sprout (usually concretely), literally or figuratively.
and he shall grow up 6779
{6779} Prime
צָמַח
tsamach
{tsaw-makh'}
A primitive root; to sprout (transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
out of his place, x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
and he shall build 1129
{1129} Prime
בָּנָה
banah
{baw-naw'}
A primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the temple 1964
{1964} Prime
הֵיכָל
heykal
{hay-kawl'}
Probably from H3201 (in the sense of capacity); a large public building, such as a palace or temple.
of Yhw יָהוֶה: 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zechariah 6:12

_ _ Behold, the man — namely, shall arise. Pilate unconsciously spake God’s will concerning Him, “Behold the man” (John 19:5). The sense here is, “Behold in Joshua a remarkable shadowing forth of Messiah.” It is not for his own sake that the crown is placed on him, but as type of Messiah about to be at once king and priest. Joshua could not individually be crowned king, not being of the royal line of David, but only in his representative character.

_ _ Branch — (See on Zechariah 3:8; Isaiah 4:2; Jeremiah 23:5; Jeremiah 33:15).

_ _ he shall grow up out of his place — retaining the image of a “Branch”; “He shall sprout up from His place,” that is, the place peculiar to Him: not merely from Beth-lehem or Nazareth, but by His own power, without man’s aid, in His miraculous conception [Henderson]; a sense brought out in the original, “from under Himself,” or “from (of) Himself” [Calvin]. Moore makes it refer to His growing lowly in His place of obscurity, “as a tender plant and a root out of a dry ground” (Isaiah 53:2), for thirty years unknown except as the son of a carpenter. Maurer translates, “Under Him there shall be growth (in the Church).” English Version accords better with the Hebrew (compare Exodus 10:23). The idea in a Branch is that Christ’s glory is growing, not yet fully manifested as a full-grown tree. Therefore men reject Him now.

_ _ build the temple — The promise of the future true building of the spiritual temple by Messiah (Matthew 16:18; 1 Corinthians 3:17; 2 Corinthians 6:16; Ephesians 2:20-22; Hebrews 3:3) is an earnest to assure the Jews, that the material temple will be built by Joshua and Zerubbabel, in spite of all seeming obstacles. It also raises their thoughts beyond the material to the spiritual temple, and also to the future glorious temple, to be reared in Israel under Messiah’s superintendence (Ezekiel 40:1-43:27). The repetition of the same clause (Zechariah 6:13) gives emphasis to the statement as to Messiah’s work.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zechariah 6:9-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zechariah 6:12

Unto him — Joshua, but in the hearing of others. Whose name is the Branch — Whom you know by the name of the Branch, who was called so long since. Thou, O Joshua art the portrait, he is the Branch itself. Out of his place — Of the tribe and family, and in the place foretold. He shall build — He it is, though unseen, that stands by you, who build the material temple, far inferior to the spiritual temple, which Christ will build, preserve, and dwell in for ever.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zechariah 6:12

And speak to him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name [is] The (n) BRANCH; and he shall grow (o) up out of his place, and he shall (p) build the temple of the LORD:

(n) Meaning Christ, of whom Joshua was the figure: for in Greek they were both called Jesus.

(o) That is, of himself without the help of man.

(p) Which declares that no one could build this temple of which Haggai speaks, but only Christ: and therefore it was spiritual, and not material; (Haggai 2:9).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
behold:

Zechariah 13:7 Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man [that is] my fellow, saith the LORD of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones.
Isaiah 32:1-2 Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule in judgment. ... And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land.
Micah 5:5 And this [man] shall be the peace, when the Assyrian shall come into our land: and when he shall tread in our palaces, then shall we raise against him seven shepherds, and eight principal men.
Mark 15:39 And when the centurion, which stood over against him, saw that he so cried out, and gave up the ghost, he said, Truly this man was the Son of God.
John 19:5 Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And [Pilate] saith unto them, Behold the man!
Acts 13:38 Be it known unto you therefore, men [and] brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins:
Acts 17:31 Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by [that] man whom he hath ordained; [whereof] he hath given assurance unto all [men], in that he hath raised him from the dead.
Hebrews 7:4 Now consider how great this man [was], unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils.
Hebrews 7:24 But this [man], because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood.
Hebrews 8:3 For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore [it is] of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer.
Hebrews 10:12 But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God;

whose:

Zechariah 3:8 Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee: for they [are] men wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth my servant the BRANCH.
Psalms 80:15-17 And the vineyard which thy right hand hath planted, and the branch [that] thou madest strong for thyself. ... Let thy hand be upon the man of thy right hand, upon the son of man [whom] thou madest strong for thyself.
Isaiah 4:2 In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth [shall be] excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel.
Isaiah 11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots:
Isaiah 53:2 For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, [there is] no beauty that we should desire him.
Jeremiah 23:5 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth.
Jeremiah 33:15 In those days, and at that time, will I cause the Branch of righteousness to grow up unto David; and he shall execute judgment and righteousness in the land.
Luke 1:78 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,
*marg.
John 1:45 Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him, We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.

grow up out of his place:
or, branch up from under him

he shall build:

Zechariah 4:6-9 Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This [is] the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts. ... The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house; his hands shall also finish it; and thou shalt know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto you.
Zechariah 8:9 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Let your hands be strong, ye that hear in these days these words by the mouth of the prophets, which [were] in the day [that] the foundation of the house of the LORD of hosts was laid, that the temple might be built.
Matthew 16:18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
Matthew 26:61 And said, This [fellow] said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days.
Mark 14:58 We heard him say, I will destroy this temple that is made with hands, and within three days I will build another made without hands.
Mark 15:29 And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest [it] in three days,
John 2:19-21 Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. ... But he spake of the temple of his body.
1 Corinthians 3:9 For we are labourers together with God: ye are God's husbandry, [ye are] God's building.
Ephesians 2:20-22 And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner [stone]; ... In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.
Hebrews 3:3-4 For this [man] was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house. ... For every house is builded by some [man]; but he that built all things [is] God.
1 Peter 2:4-5 To whom coming, [as unto] a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, [and] precious, ... Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.
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Ps 80:15. Is 4:2; 11:1; 32:1; 53:2. Jr 23:5; 33:15. Mi 5:5. Zc 3:8; 4:6; 8:9; 13:7. Mt 16:18; 26:61. Mk 14:58; 15:29, 39. Lk 1:78. Jn 1:45; 2:19; 19:5. Ac 13:38; 17:31. 1Co 3:9. Ep 2:20. He 3:3; 7:4, 24; 8:3; 10:12. 1P 2:4.

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