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Zechariah 4:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I answered the second time, and said unto him, What are these two olive-branches, which are beside the two golden spouts, that empty the golden [oil] out of themselves?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And I answered again, and said unto him, What [be these] two olive branches which through the two golden pipes empty the golden [oil] out of themselves?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And I answered the second time and said to him, “What are the two olive branches which are beside the two golden pipes, which empty the golden [oil] from themselves?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And I answered again, and said to him, What [are these] two olive branches which through the two golden pipes empty the golden [oil] out of themselves?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I answered the second time and said unto him, What are the two olive-branches which are beside the two golden tubes that empty the gold out of themselves?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And I responded a second time, and said unto him,—What are the two branches of the olive-trees which join the two golden tubes, which empty out of them the golden oil?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I answer a second time, and say unto him, 'What [are] the two branches of the olive trees that, by means of the two golden pipes, are emptying out of themselves the oil?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I answered again, and said to him: What are the two olive branches, that are by the two golden beaks, in which are the funnels of gold?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And I answered againe and said vnto him, What be these two oliue branches, which through the two golden pipes emptie the golden [oyle] out of themselues?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I asked the second time, and said to him, What are the two branches of the olive-trees that are by the side of the two golden pipes that pour into and communicate with the golden oil funnels?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And I answered again, and said unto him, What [be these] two olive branches which through the two golden pipes empty the golden [oil] out of themselves?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And I answered 6030
{6030} Prime
עָנָה
`anah
{aw-naw'}
A primitive root; properly to eye or (generally) to heed, that is, pay attention; by implication to respond; by extension to begin to speak; specifically to sing, shout, testify, announce.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
again, 8145
{8145} Prime
שֵׁנִי
sheniy
{shay-nee'}
From H8138; properly double, that is, second; also adverbially again.
and said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
him, What x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
[be these] two 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
olive 2132
{2132} Prime
זַיִת
zayith
{zay'-yith}
Probably from an unused root (akin to H2099); an olive (as yielding illuminating oil), the tree, the branch or the berry.
branches 7641
{7641} Prime
שִׁבֹּל
shibbol
{shib-bole'}
From the same as H7640; a stream (as flowing); also an ear of grain (as growing out); by analogy a branch.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
through 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
the two 8147
{8147} Prime
שְׁתַּיִם
sh@nayim
{shen-ah'-yim}
(The first form being dual of H8145; the second form being feminine); two; also (as ordinal) twofold.
golden 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
pipes 6804
{6804} Prime
צַנְתָּר
tsantarah
{tsan-taw-raw'}
Probably from the same as H6794; a tube.
empty 7324
{7324} Prime
רוּק
ruwq
{rook}
A primitive root; to pour out (literally or figuratively), that is, empty.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
the golden 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
[oil] out of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
themselves?
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Zechariah 4:11-12.


Zechariah 4:12

_ _ through — literally, “by the hand of,” that is, by the agency of.

_ _ branches — literally, “ears”; so the olive branches are called, because as ears are full of grain, so the olive branches are full of olives.

_ _ golden oil — literally, “gold,” that is, gold-like liquor.

_ _ out of themselves — Ordinances and ministers are channels of grace, not the grace itself. The supply comes not from a dead reservoir of oil, but through living olive trees (Psalms 52:8; Romans 12:1) fed by God.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zechariah 4:11-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zechariah 4:12

I answered — l went on to discourse. Unto him — The angel. What be these — Two principal branches, one in each tree, fuller of berries, and hanging over the golden pipes. Through the pipes — These were fastened to the bowl, on each side one, with a hole through the sides of the bowl, to let the oil that distilled from those olive — branches run into the bowl. Out of themselves — An emblem of supernatural grace; these branches filled from the true olive — tree, ever empty themselves, and are ever full; so are the gospel — ordinances.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
What be:

Matthew 20:23 And he saith unto them, Ye shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with: but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but [it shall be given to them] for whom it is prepared of my Father.
Revelation 11:4 These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth.

through:

Haggai 1:1 In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, in the first day of the month, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet unto Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, saying,
*marg. Heb. by the hand of

empty:
etc. or, empty out of themselves oil into gold

the golden:
Heb. the gold
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Hg 1:1. Mt 20:23. Rv 11:4.

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