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Zechariah 3:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— In that day, saith Jehovah of hosts, shall ye invite every man his neighbor under the vine and under the fig-tree.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall ye call every man his neighbour under the vine and under the fig tree.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘In that day,’ declares the LORD of hosts, ‘every one of you will invite his neighbor to [sit] under [his] vine and under [his] fig tree.’”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall ye call every man his neighbor under the vine and under the fig-tree.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— In that day, saith Jehovah of hosts, shall ye invite every man his neighbour under the vine and under the fig-tree.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In that day, declareth Yahweh of hosts, Ye shall invite one another,—[to come] under the vine and under the fig-tree.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In that day—an affirmation of Jehovah of Hosts, Ye do call, each unto his neighbour, Unto the place of the vine, And unto the place of the fig-tree!'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— In that day, saith the Lord of hosts, every man shall call his friend under the vine and under the fig tree.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— In that day, saith the LORD of hostes, shal ye call euery man his neighbour vnder the vine and vnder the figge tree.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— In that day, saith the Lord Almighty, ye shall call together every man his neighbour under the vine and under the fig-tree.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— In that day, saith Yahweh Tzevaoth, shall ye call every man his neighbour under the vine and under the fig tree.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
In that x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
day, 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
saith 5002
{5002} Prime
נְאֻם
n@'um
{neh-oom'}
From H5001; an oracle.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Xv צְבָאוֹת, 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
shall ye call 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
every man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
his neighbour 7453
{7453} Prime
רֵעַ
rea`
{ray'-ah}
From H7462; an associate (more or less close).
under x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
the vine 1612
{1612} Prime
גֶּפֶן
gephen
{gheh'-fen}
From an unused root meaning to bend; a vine (as twining), especially the grape.
and under x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
the fig tree. 8384
{8384} Prime
תְּאֵן
t@'en
{teh-ane'}
The second form being singular and feminine; perhaps of foreign derivation; the fig (tree or fruit).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zechariah 3:10

_ _ under ... vine ... fig tree — emblem of tranquil prosperity (1 Kings 4:25). Type of spiritual peace with God through Christ (Romans 5:1); and of millennial blessedness (Micah 4:4).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zechariah 3:8-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zechariah 3:10

In that day — Of removing the sins of my people. Shall ye call — Ye shall invite one another to refresh yourselves with the sweet fruit of the vine and fig — tree. When iniquity is taken away, we receive precious benefits from our justification, more precious than the fruits of the vine or fig — tree. And we repose ourselves in sweet tranquillity, being quiet from the fear of evil.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zechariah 3:10

In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall ye call every man his neighbour under the (q) vine and under the fig tree.

(q) You will then live in peace and quietness, that is, in the kingdom of Christ; (Isaiah 2:2; Micah 4:4; Haggai 2:9).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
In:

Zechariah 2:11 And many nations shall be joined to the LORD in that day, and shall be my people: and I will dwell in the midst of thee, and thou shalt know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto thee.

shall:

1 Kings 4:25 And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan even to Beersheba, all the days of Solomon.
Isaiah 36:16 Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus saith the king of Assyria, Make [an agreement] with me [by] a present, and come out to me: and eat ye every one of his vine, and every one of his fig tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern;
Hosea 2:18 And in that day will I make a covenant for them with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven, and [with] the creeping things of the ground: and I will break the bow and the sword and the battle out of the earth, and will make them to lie down safely.
Micah 4:4 But they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree; and none shall make [them] afraid: for the mouth of the LORD of hosts hath spoken [it].
John 1:45-48 Philip findeth Nathanael, and saith unto him, We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph. ... Nathanael saith unto him, Whence knowest thou me? Jesus answered and said unto him, Before that Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig tree, I saw thee.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 4:25. Is 36:16. Ho 2:18. Mi 4:4. Zc 2:11. Jn 1:45.

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