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Zechariah 2:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, a man with a measuring line in his hand.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I lifted up mine eyes again, and looked, and behold a man with a measuring line in his hand.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then I lifted up my eyes and looked, and behold, [there was] a man with a measuring line in his hand.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I lifted up my eyes again, and looked, and behold a man with a measuring line in his hand.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and behold a man with a measuring line in his hand.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then lifted I up mine eyes and looked, and lo! a Man,—and, in his hand, a Measuring Line.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I lift up mine eyes, and look, and lo, a man, and in his hand a measuring line.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I lifted up my eyes, and saw, and behold a man, with a measuring line in his hand.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I lift vp mine eyes againe, and looked, and behold, a man with a measuring line in his hand.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a man, and in his hand a measuring line.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I lifted up mine eyes again, and looked, and behold a man with a measuring line in his hand.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I lifted up 5375
{5375} Prime
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
mine eyes 5869
{5869} Prime
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
again, and looked, 7200
{7200} Prime
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and behold x2009
(2009) Complement
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
a man 376
{0376} Prime
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
with a measuring 4060
{4060} Prime
Feminine of H4055; properly extension, that is, height or breadth; also a measure (including its standard); hence a portion (as measured) or a vestment; specifically tribute (as measured).
line 2256
{2256} Prime
From H2254; a rope (as twisted), especially a measuring line; by implication a district or inheritance (as measured); or a noose (as of cords); figuratively a company (as if tied together); also a throe (especially of parturition); also ruin.
in his hand. 3027
{3027} Prime
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zechariah 2:1

_ _ Zechariah 2:1-13. Third Vision. The man with the measuring-line.

_ _ The city shall be fully restored and enlarged (Zechariah 2:2-5). Recall of the exiles (Zechariah 2:6, Zechariah 2:7). Jehovah will protect His people and make their foes a spoil unto them (Zechariah 2:8, Zechariah 2:9). The nations shall be converted to Jehovah, as the result of His dwelling manifestly amidst His people (Zechariah 2:10-13).

_ _ man with a measuring-line — the same image to represent the same future fact as in Ezekiel 40:3; Ezekiel 47:4. The “man” is Messiah (see on Zechariah 1:8), who, by measuring Jerusalem, is denoted as the Author of its coming restoration. Thus the Jews are encouraged in Zechariah’s time to proceed with the building. Still more so shall they be hereby encouraged in the future restoration.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Zechariah 2:1-5

_ _ This prophet was ordered, in God's name, to assure the people (Zechariah 1:16) that a line should be stretched forth upon Jerusalem. Now here we have that promise illustrated and confirmed, that the prophet might deliver that part of his message to the people with the more clearness and assurance.

_ _ I. He sees, in a vision, a man going to measure Jerusalem (Zechariah 2:1, Zechariah 2:2): He lifted up his eyes again, and looked. God had shown him that which was very encouraging to him, (Zechariah 1:20), and therefore now he lifted up his eyes again and looked. Note, The comfortable sights which by faith we have had of God's goodness made to pass before us should engage us to lift up our eyes again, and to search further into the discoveries made to us of the divine grace; for there is still more to be seen. In the close of the foregoing chapter he had seen Jerusalem's enemies baffled and broken, so that now he begins to hope she shall not be ruined. But that is not enough to make her happy, and therefore that is not all that is promised. Here is more carpenter's work to be done. When David had resolved to cut off the horns of the wicked he engaged likewise that the horns of the righteous should be exalted, Psalms 75:10. And so does the Son of David here; for he is the man, even the man Christ Jesus, whom the prophet sees with a measuring line in his hand; for he is the master builder of his church (Hebrews 3:3), and he builds exactly by line and level. Zechariah took the boldness to ask him whither he was going and what he designed to do with that measuring line. And he readily told him that he was going to measure Jerusalem, to take a particular account of the dimensions of it each way, that it might be computed what was necessary for the making of a wall about it, and that it might appear, by comparing its dimensions with the vast numbers that should inhabit it, what additions were necessary to be made for the receiving and containing of them; when multitudes flock to Jerusalem (Isaiah 60:4) it is time for her to enlarge the place of her tent, Isaiah 54:2. Note, God takes notice of the extent of his church, and will take care that, when ever so many guests are brought in to the wedding supper, still there shall be room, Luke 14:22. In the New Jerusalem, my Father's house above, there are many mansions.

_ _ II. He is informed that this vision means well to Jerusalem, that the measuring line he saw was not a line of confusion (as that Isaiah 34:11), not a line to mete out for destruction, as when God purposed to destroy the wall of the daughter of Zion he stretched out a line (Lamentations 2:8); but it is as when he divided the inheritance by line, Psalms 78:55. The angel that talked with the prophet went forth, as he designed, to measure Jerusalem, but another angel went out to meet him, to desire that he would first explain this vision to the prophet, that it might not occasion him any uneasy speculations: Run, and speak to this young man (for, it seems, the prophet entered upon his prophecy when he was young, yet no man ought to despise his youth when God thus highly honoured it); he is a young man, not experienced, and may be ready to fear the worst; therefore bid him hope the best; tell him that Jerusalem shall be both safe and great, 1. As safe and great as numbers of men can make it (Zechariah 2:4): Jerusalem shall be inhabited as towns without walls; the inhabitants of it shall increase, and multiply, and replenish it to admiration, so that it shall extend itself far beyond the present dimensions which now there is an account taken of. The walls of a city, as they defend it, so they straiten and confine it, and keep its inhabitants from multiplying beyond such a pitch; but Jerusalem, even when it is walled, to keep off the enemy, shall be inhabited as towns without walls. The city shall be in a manner lost in the suburbs, as London is, where the out-parishes are more populous than those within the walls. So shall it be with Jerusalem; it shall be extended as freely as if it had no walls at all, and yet shall be as safe as if it had the strongest walls, such a multitude of men (which are the best walls of a city) shall there be therein, and of cattle too, to be not only food, but wealth too, for those men. Note, The increase of the numbers of a people is a great blessing, is a fruit of God's blessing on them and an earnest of further blessings, Psalms 107:38. They are multiplied, for he blesses them. 2. As safe and great as the presence of God can make it, Zechariah 2:5. (1.) It shall be safe, for God himself will be a wall of fire round about it. Jerusalem had no walls about it at this time, but lay naked and exposed; formerly, when it had walls, the enemies not only broke through them, but broke them down; but now God will be unto her a wall of fire. Some think it alludes to shepherds that made fires about their flocks, or travellers that made fires about their tents in desert places, to frighten wild beasts from them. God will not only make a hedge about them as he did about Job (Zechariah 1:10), not only make walls and bulwarks about them, Isaiah 26:1 (those may be battered down), not only be as the mountains round about them, Psalms 125:2 (mountains may be got over), but he will be a wall of fire round them, which cannot be broken through, nor scaled, nor undermined, nor the foundations of it sapped, nor can it be attempted, or approached, without danger to the assailants. God will not only make a wall of fire about her, but he will himself be such a wall; for our God is a consuming fire to his and his church's enemies. He is a wall of fire, not on one side only, but round about on every side. (2.) It shall be great, for God himself will be the glory in the midst of it. His temple, his altar, shall be set up and attended there, and his institutions observed, and there then shall the tokens of his special presence and favour be, which will be the glory in the midst of them, will make them truly admirable in the eyes of all about them. God will have honour from them, and put honour upon them. Note, Those that have God for their God have him for their glory; those that have him in the midst of them have glory in the midst of them, and thence the church is said to be all glorious within. And those persons and places that have God to be the glory in the midst of them have him for a wall of fire round about them, for upon all that glory there is, and shall be, a defence, Isaiah 4:5. Now all this was fulfilled in part in Jerusalem, which in process of time became a very flourishing city, and made a very great figure in those parts of the world, much beyond what could have been expected, considering how low it was brought and how long it was ere it recovered itself; but it was to have its full accomplishment in the gospel-church, which is extended far, as towns without walls, by the admission of the Gentiles into it, and which has God, the Son of God, for its prince and protector.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zechariah 2:1

With a line — Ready and prepared to lay out the platform of Jerusalem.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zechariah 2:1

I lifted up my eyes again, and looked, and behold a (a) man with a measuring line in his hand.

(a) This is the angel who was Christ: for in respect of his office he is often called an angel, but in respect of his eternal essence, is God, and so called.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Zechariah 1:18 Then lifted I up mine eyes, and saw, and behold four horns.

a man:

Zechariah 1:16 Therefore thus saith the LORD; I am returned to Jerusalem with mercies: my house shall be built in it, saith the LORD of hosts, and a line shall be stretched forth upon Jerusalem.
Ezekiel 40:3 And he brought me thither, and, behold, [there was] a man, whose appearance [was] like the appearance of brass, with a line of flax in his hand, and a measuring reed; and he stood in the gate.
Ezekiel 40:5 And behold a wall on the outside of the house round about, and in the man's hand a measuring reed of six cubits [long] by the cubit and an hand breadth: so he measured the breadth of the building, one reed; and the height, one reed.
Ezekiel 47:4 Again he measured a thousand, and brought me through the waters; the waters [were] to the knees. Again he measured a thousand, and brought me through; the waters [were] to the loins.
Revelation 11:1 And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein.
Revelation 21:15 And he that talked with me had a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof.
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Ezk 40:3, 5; 47:4. Zc 1:16, 18. Rv 11:1; 21:15.

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