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Zechariah 14:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— All the land shall be made like the Arabah, from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem; and she shall be lifted up, and shall dwell in her place, from Benjamin's gate unto the place of the first gate, unto the corner gate, and from the tower of Hananel unto the king's wine-presses.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— All the land shall be turned as a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem: and it shall be lifted up, and inhabited in her place, from Benjamin's gate unto the place of the first gate, unto the corner gate, and [from] the tower of Hananeel unto the king's winepresses.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— All the land will be changed into a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem; but Jerusalem will rise and remain on its site from Benjamin’s Gate as far as the place of the First Gate to the Corner Gate, and from the Tower of Hananel to the king’s wine presses.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— All the land shall be turned as a plain from Geba to Rimmon, south of Jerusalem: and it shall be lifted up, and inhabited in her place, from Benjamin's gate to the place of the first gate, to the corner gate, and [from] the tower of Hananeel to the king's wine-presses.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— All the land from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem shall be turned as the Arabah; and [Jerusalem] shall be lifted up, and shall dwell in her own place, from Benjamin's gate unto the place of the first gate, unto the corner-gate, and from the tower of Hananeel unto the king's winepresses.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— All the land shall turn into a plain, from Geba to Rimmon, south of Jerusalem,—and shall lift herself on high and abide in her own place, from the gate of Benjamin up to the place of the first gate, up to the corner gate, and from the tower of Hananeel up to the wine-presses of the king.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Changed is all the land as a plain, From Gebo to Rimmon, south of Jerusalem, And she hath been high, and hath dwelt in her place, Even from the gate of Benjamin To the place of the first gate, unto the front gate, And from the tower of Hananeel, Unto the wine-vats of the king.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And all the land shall return even to the desert, from the hill to Remmon to the south of Jerusalem: and she shall be exalted, and shall dwell in her own place, from the gate of Benjamin even to the place of the former gate, and even to the gate of the corners: and from the tower of Hananeel even to the king's winepresses.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— All the land shall be turned as a plaine from Geba to Rimmon, South of Ierusalem: and it shall be lifted vp and inhabited in her place: from Beniamins gate vnto the place of the first gate, vnto the corner gate, and [from] the towre of Hananiel vnto the Kings winepresses.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— compassing all the earth, and the wilderness from Gabe unto Rimmon{gr.Remmon} south of Jerusalem. And Ramah{gr.Rama} shall remain in its place. From the gate of Benjamin to the place of the first gate, to the gate of the corners, and to the tower of Hananeel{gr.Anameel}, as far as the king's winepresses,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— All the land shall be turned as a plain from Geva to Rimmon south of Yerushalaim: and it shall be lifted up, and inhabited in her place, from Binyamin's gate unto the place of the first gate, unto the corner gate, and [from] the tower of Chananel unto the king's winepresses.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
All x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
shall be turned 5437
{5437} Prime
סָבַב
cabab
{saw-bab'}
A primitive root; to revolve, surround or border; used in various applications, literally and figuratively.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
as a plain 6160
{6160} Prime
עֲרָבָה
`arabah
{ar-aw-baw'}
From H6150 (in the sense of sterility); a desert; especially (with the article prefixed) the (generally) sterile valley of the Jordan and its continuation to the Red Sea.
from Geva` גֶּבַע 1387
{1387} Prime
גֶּבַע
Geba`
{gheh'-bah}
From the same as H1375, a hillock; Geba, a place in Palestine.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
to Rimmn רִמּוֹן 7417
{7417} Prime
רִמּוֹן
Rimmown
{rim-mone'}
The same as H7416; Rimmon, the name of a Syrian deity, also of five places in Palestine. The additon of '-methoar' (the fourth form) is a passive participle of H8388 with the article; the (one) marked off, that is, which pertains; mistaken for part of the name.
south 5045
{5045} Prime
נֶגֶב
negeb
{neh'-gheb}
From an unused root meaning to be parched; the south (from its drought); specifically the negeb or southern district of Judah, occasionally, Egypt (as south to Palestine).
of Yrlaim יְרוּשָׁלִַם: 3389
{3389} Prime
יְרוּשָׁלִַם
Y@ruwshalaim
{yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im}
A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine.
and it shall be lifted up, 7213
{7213} Prime
רָאַם
ra'am
{raw-am'}
A primitive root; to rise.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and inhabited 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in her place, x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
from Binymn's בִּניָמִין 1144
{1144} Prime
בִּנְיָמִן
Binyamiyn
{bin-yaw-mene'}
From H1121 and H3225; son of (the) right hand; Binjamin, youngest son of Jacob; also the tribe descended from him, and its territory.
gate 8179
{8179} Prime
שַׁעַר
sha`ar
{shah'-ar}
From H8176 in its original sense; an opening, that is, door or gate.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the place 4725
{4725} Prime
מָקוֹם
maqowm
{maw-kome'}
From H6965; properly a standing, that is, a spot; but used widely of a locality (generally or specifically); also (figuratively) of a condition (of body or mind).
of the first 7223
{7223} Prime
רִאשׁוֹן
ri'shown
{ree-shone'}
From H7221; first, in place, time or rank (as adjective or noun).
gate, 8179
{8179} Prime
שַׁעַר
sha`ar
{shah'-ar}
From H8176 in its original sense; an opening, that is, door or gate.
unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the corner 6434
{6434} Prime
פֵּן
pen
{pane}
From an unused root meaning to turn; an angle (of a street or wall).
gate, 8179
{8179} Prime
שַׁעַר
sha`ar
{shah'-ar}
From H8176 in its original sense; an opening, that is, door or gate.
and [from] the tower 4026
{4026} Prime
מִגְדָּל
migdal
{mig-dawl'}
From H1431; a tower (from its size or height); by analogy a rostrum; figuratively a (pyramidal) bed of flowers.
of nanl חֲנַנאֵל 2606
{2606} Prime
חֲנַנְאֵל
Chanan'el
{khan-an-ale'}
From H2603 and H0410; God has favored; Chananel, probably an Israelite, from whom a tower of Jerusalem was named.
unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the king's 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
winepresses. 3342
{3342} Prime
יֶקֶב
yeqeb
{yeh'-keb}
From unused root meaning to excavate; a trough (as dug out); specifically a wine vat (whether the lower one, into which the juice drains; or the upper, in which the grapes are crushed).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zechariah 14:10

_ _ turned — or, “changed round about”: literally, “to make a circuit.” The whole hilly land round Jerusalem, which would prevent the free passage of the living waters, shall be changed so as to be “as a (or the) plain” (Isaiah 40:4).

_ _ from Geba to Rimmon — Geba (2 Kings 23:8) in Benjamin, the north border of Judah. Rimmon, in Simeon (Joshua 15:32), the south border of Judah; not the Rimmon northeast of Michmash. “The plain from Geba to Rimmon” (that is, from one boundary to the other) is the Arabah or plain of the Jordan, extending from the Sea of Tiberias to the Elanitic Gulf of the Red Sea.

_ _ it shall be lifted up — namely, Jerusalem shall be exalted, the hills all round being lowered (Micah 4:1).

_ _ inhabited in her place — (Zechariah 12:6).

_ _ from Benjamin’s gate — leading to the territory of Benjamin. The same as Ephraim’s gate, the north boundary of the city (2 Kings 14:13).

_ _ the first gate — west of the city [Grotius]. “The place of,” etc. implies that the gate itself was then not in existence. “The old gate” (Nehemiah 3:6).

_ _ the corner gate — east of the city [Grotius]. Or the “corner” joining the north and west parts of the wall [Villalpandus]. Grotius thinks “corners” refers to the towers there built (compare Zephaniah 3:6, Margin).

_ _ tower of Hananeel — south of the city, near the sheep gate (Nehemiah 3:1; Nehemiah 12:39; Jeremiah 31:38) [Grotius].

_ _ king’s wine-presses — (Song of Songs 8:11). In the interior of the city, at Zion [Grotius].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zechariah 14:8-15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zechariah 14:10

All the land — The whole land of Judea, a type of the whole earth, shall be filled with the knowledge of God. As a plain — All high, uneven places, all rocky and barren grounds, shall be changed into fruitful vineyards. So the church of Christ shall be fruitful, humble and lovely. Geba — The north boundary of the land. Rimmon — The south boundary of Judea. Jerusalem — Which taken mystically, is the church of Christ, and by the repair of all to this Jerusalem, is shadowed out of the compleat building of the church on all sides, north, south, west and east. Lifted up — Raised out of the dust. Benjamin's gate — Benjamin's gate north — east, corner — gate north — west; Hananiel's tower south, wine — presses north; that is in brief, compleatly around the city.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zechariah 14:10

All the land shall be turned (l) as a plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem: and it shall be lifted up, and inhabited in her place, from Benjamin's gate to the place of the first gate, to the corner gate, and [from] the tower of Hananeel to the king's winepresses.

(l) This new Jerusalem will be seen through all the world, and will excel the first in excellency, wealth, and greatness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the land:

Zechariah 4:6-7 Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This [is] the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts. ... Who [art] thou, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel [thou shalt become] a plain: and he shall bring forth the headstone [thereof with] shoutings, [crying], Grace, grace unto it.
Isaiah 40:3-4 The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God. ... Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:
Luke 3:4-6 As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. ... And all flesh shall see the salvation of God.

turned:
or, compassed

from Geba:

Joshua 21:17 And out of the tribe of Benjamin, Gibeon with her suburbs, Geba with her suburbs,
1 Kings 15:22 Then king Asa made a proclamation throughout all Judah; none [was] exempted: and they took away the stones of Ramah, and the timber thereof, wherewith Baasha had builded; and king Asa built with them Geba of Benjamin, and Mizpah.
Isaiah 10:29 They are gone over the passage: they have taken up their lodging at Geba; Ramah is afraid; Gibeah of Saul is fled.

Rimmon:

Joshua 15:32 And Lebaoth, and Shilhim, and Ain, and Rimmon: all the cities [are] twenty and nine, with their villages:
Judges 20:45 And they turned and fled toward the wilderness unto the rock of Rimmon: and they gleaned of them in the highways five thousand men; and pursued hard after them unto Gidom, and slew two thousand men of them.
Judges 20:47 But six hundred men turned and fled to the wilderness unto the rock Rimmon, and abode in the rock Rimmon four months.
Judges 21:13 And the whole congregation sent [some] to speak to the children of Benjamin that [were] in the rock Rimmon, and to call peaceably unto them.
1 Chronicles 4:32 And their villages [were], Etam, and Ain, Rimmon, and Tochen, and Ashan, five cities:
1 Chronicles 6:77 Unto the rest of the children of Merari [were given] out of the tribe of Zebulun, Rimmon with her suburbs, Tabor with her suburbs:

inhabited:
or, shall abide,
Zechariah 2:4 And said unto him, Run, speak to this young man, saying, Jerusalem shall be inhabited [as] towns without walls for the multitude of men and cattle therein:
Zechariah 12:6 In that day will I make the governors of Judah like an hearth of fire among the wood, and like a torch of fire in a sheaf; and they shall devour all the people round about, on the right hand and on the left: and Jerusalem shall be inhabited again in her own place, [even] in Jerusalem.
Jeremiah 30:18 Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will bring again the captivity of Jacob's tents, and have mercy on his dwellingplaces; and the city shall be builded upon her own heap, and the palace shall remain after the manner thereof.

from Benjamin's:

2 Chronicles 25:23 And Joash the king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Joash, the son of Jehoahaz, at Bethshemesh, and brought him to Jerusalem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim to the corner gate, four hundred cubits.
Nehemiah 3:1 Then Eliashib the high priest rose up with his brethren the priests, and they builded the sheep gate; they sanctified it, and set up the doors of it; even unto the tower of Meah they sanctified it, unto the tower of Hananeel.
Nehemiah 12:39 And from above the gate of Ephraim, and above the old gate, and above the fish gate, and the tower of Hananeel, and the tower of Meah, even unto the sheep gate: and they stood still in the prison gate.
Jeremiah 31:38-40 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that the city shall be built to the LORD from the tower of Hananeel unto the gate of the corner. ... And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the brook of Kidron, unto the corner of the horse gate toward the east, [shall be] holy unto the LORD; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more for ever.
Jeremiah 37:13 And when he was in the gate of Benjamin, a captain of the ward [was] there, whose name [was] Irijah, the son of Shelemiah, the son of Hananiah; and he took Jeremiah the prophet, saying, Thou fallest away to the Chaldeans.
Jeremiah 38:7 Now when Ebedmelech the Ethiopian, one of the eunuchs which was in the king's house, heard that they had put Jeremiah in the dungeon; the king then sitting in the gate of Benjamin;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jsh 15:32; 21:17. Jg 20:45, 47; 21:13. 1K 15:22. 1Ch 4:32; 6:77. 2Ch 25:23. Ne 3:1; 12:39. Is 10:29; 40:3. Jr 30:18; 31:38; 37:13; 38:7. Zc 2:4; 4:6; 12:6. Lk 3:4.

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