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Zechariah 11:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I cut off the three shepherds in one month; for my soul was weary of them, and their soul also loathed me.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul lothed them, and their soul also abhorred me.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then I annihilated the three shepherds in one month, for my soul was impatient with them, and their soul also was weary of me.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul lothed them, and their soul also abhorred me.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I destroyed three shepherds in one month; and my soul was vexed with them, and their soul also loathed me.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And I sent off three shepherds, in one month,—for impatient was my soul with them, moreover also, their soul, felt a loathing against me.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I cut off the three shepherds in one month, and my soul is grieved with them, and also their soul hath abhorred me.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I cut off three shepherds in one month, and my soul was straitened in their regard: for their soul also varied in my regard.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Three shepheards also I cut off in one moneth, and my soule loathed them, and their soule also abhorred mee.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I will cut off three shepherds in one month; and my soul shall grieve over them, for their souls cried out against me.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul lothed them, and their soul also abhorred me.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Three 7969
{7969} Prime
שָׁלוֹשׁ
shalowsh
{shaw-loshe'}
The last two forms being masculine; a primitive number; three; occasionally (ordinal) third, or (multiplicative) thrice.
shepherds 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
also I cut off 3582
{3582} Prime
כָּחַד
kachad
{kaw-khad'}
A primitive root; to secrete, by act or word; hence (intensively) to destroy.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
in one 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
month; 3391
{3391} Prime
יֶרַח
yerach
{yeh'-rakh}
From an unused root of uncertain signification; a lunation, that is, month.
and my soul 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
lothed 7114
{7114} Prime
קָצַר
qatsar
{kaw-tsar'}
A primitive root; to dock off, that is, curtail (transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively); especially to harvest (grass or grain).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
them, and their soul 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
also x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
abhorred 973
{0973} Prime
בָּחַל
bachal
{baw-khal'}
A primitive root; to loathe. For H0926.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
me.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zechariah 11:8

_ _ Three shepherds ... I cut off — literally, “to cause to disappear,” to destroy so as not to leave a vestige of them. The three shepherds whom Messiah removes are John, Simon, and Eleazar, three leaders of factions in the Jewish war [Drusius]. Or, as Messiah, the Antitype, was at once prophet, priest, and king, so He by the destruction of the Jewish polity destroyed these three orders for the unbelief of both the rulers and people [Moore]. If they had accepted Messiah, they would have had all three combined in Him, and would have been themselves spiritually prophets, priests, and kings to God. Refusing Him, they lost all three, in every sense.

_ _ one month — a brief and fixed space of time (Hosea 5:7). Probably alluding to the last period of the siege of Jerusalem, when all authority within the city was at an end [Henderson].

_ _ loathed them — literally, “was straitened” as to them; instead of being enlarged towards them in love (2 Corinthians 6:11, 2 Corinthians 6:12). The same Hebrew as in Numbers 21:4, Margin. No room was left by them for the grace of God, as His favors were rejected [Calvin]. The mutual distaste that existed between the holy Messiah and the guilty Jews is implied.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zechariah 11:4-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zechariah 11:8

(m) Three shepherds also I cut off in one month; and my soul lothed (n) them, and their soul also abhorred me.

(m) By which he shows his care and diligence that he would not allow them to have evil rulers, so that they would consider his great love.

(n) Meaning, the people, because they would not acknowledge these great benefits of God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
in:

Hosea 5:7 They have dealt treacherously against the LORD: for they have begotten strange children: now shall a month devour them with their portions.
Matthew 23:34-36 Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and [some] of them ye shall kill and crucify; and [some] of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues, and persecute [them] from city to city: ... Verily I say unto you, All these things shall come upon this generation.
Matthew 24:50-51 The lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for [him], and in an hour that he is not aware of, ... And shall cut him asunder, and appoint [him] his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

and my:

Leviticus 26:11 And I will set my tabernacle among you: and my soul shall not abhor you.
Leviticus 26:30 And I will destroy your high places, and cut down your images, and cast your carcases upon the carcases of your idols, and my soul shall abhor you.
Leviticus 26:44 And yet for all that, when they be in the land of their enemies, I will not cast them away, neither will I abhor them, to destroy them utterly, and to break my covenant with them: for I [am] the LORD their God.
Deuteronomy 32:19 And when the LORD saw [it], he abhorred [them], because of the provoking of his sons, and of his daughters.
Psalms 5:5 The foolish shall not stand in thy sight: thou hatest all workers of iniquity.
Psalms 78:9 The children of Ephraim, [being] armed, [and] carrying bows, turned back in the day of battle.
Psalms 106:40 Therefore was the wrath of the LORD kindled against his people, insomuch that he abhorred his own inheritance.
Jeremiah 12:8 Mine heritage is unto me as a lion in the forest; it crieth out against me: therefore have I hated it.
Jeremiah 14:21 Do not abhor [us], for thy name's sake, do not disgrace the throne of thy glory: remember, break not thy covenant with us.
Hosea 9:15 All their wickedness [is] in Gilgal: for there I hated them: for the wickedness of their doings I will drive them out of mine house, I will love them no more: all their princes [are] revolters.
Hebrews 10:38 Now the just shall live by faith: but if [any man] draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him.

loathed them:
Heb. was straitened for them,
Isaiah 49:7 Thus saith the LORD, the Redeemer of Israel, [and] his Holy One, to him whom man despiseth, to him whom the nation abhorreth, to a servant of rulers, Kings shall see and arise, princes also shall worship, because of the LORD that is faithful, [and] the Holy One of Israel, and he shall choose thee.
Luke 12:50 But I have a baptism to be baptized with; and how am I straitened till it be accomplished!
Luke 19:14 But his citizens hated him, and sent a message after him, saying, We will not have this [man] to reign over us.
John 7:7 The world cannot hate you; but me it hateth, because I testify of it, that the works thereof are evil.
John 15:18 If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before [it hated] you.
John 15:23-25 He that hateth me hateth my Father also. ... But [this cometh to pass], that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 26:11, 30, 44. Dt 32:19. Ps 5:5; 78:9; 106:40. Is 49:7. Jr 12:8; 14:21. Ho 5:7; 9:15. Mt 23:34; 24:50. Lk 12:50; 19:14. Jn 7:7; 15:18, 23. He 10:38.

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