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Zechariah 11:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Woe to the worthless shepherd that leaveth the flock! the sword shall be upon his arm, and upon his right eye: his arm shall be clean dried up, and his right eye shall be utterly darkened.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Woe to the idol shepherd that leaveth the flock! the sword [shall be] upon his arm, and upon his right eye: his arm shall be clean dried up, and his right eye shall be utterly darkened.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Woe to the worthless shepherd Who leaves the flock! A sword will be on his arm And on his right eye! His arm will be totally withered And his right eye will be blind.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Woe to the idle shepherd that leaveth the flock! the sword [shall be] upon his arm, and upon his right eye: his arm shall be wholly dried up, and his right eye shall be utterly darkened.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Woe to the worthless shepherd that leaveth the flock! The sword shall be upon his arm, and upon his right eye; his arm shall be clean dried up, and his right eye utterly darkened.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Alas! for my worthless shepherd, who forsaketh the flock, A sword upon his arm, and upon his right eye!—his arm, shall be, utterly withered, and, his right eye, shall be, wholly darkened.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Woe [to] the worthless shepherd, forsaking the flock, A sword [is] on his arm, and on his right eye, His arm is utterly dried up, And his right eye is very dim!'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— O shepherd, and idol, that forsaketh the flock: the sword upon his arm and upon his right eye: his arm shall quite wither away, and his right eye shall be utterly darkened.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Woe to the idoll shepheard that leaueth the flocke: the sword [shall be] vpon his arme, and vpon his right eye: his arme shall be cleane dryed vp, and his right eye shall be vtterly darkened.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Alas for the vain shepherds that have forsaken the sheep! the sword [shall be] upon the arms of such a one, and upon his right eye: his arm shall be completely withered, and his right eye shall be utterly darkened.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Woe to the idol shepherd that leaveth the flock! the sword [shall be] upon his arm, and upon his right eye: his arm shall be clean dried up, and his right eye shall be utterly darkened.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Woe 1945
{1945} Prime
הוֹי
howy
{hoh'ee}
A prolonged form of H1930 (akin to H0188); oh!.
to the idol 457
{0457} Prime
אֱלִיל
'eliyl
{el-eel'}
Apparently from H0408; good for nothing, by analogy vain or vanity; specifically an idol.
shepherd 7473
{7473} Prime
רֹעִי
ro`iy
{ro-ee'}
From active participle of H7462; pastoral; as noun, a shepherd.
that leaveth 5800
{5800} Prime
עָזַב
`azab
{aw-zab'}
A primitive root; to loosen, that is, relinquish, permit, etc.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the flock! 6629
{6629} Prime
צֹאן
tso'n
{tsone}
From an unused root meaning to migrate; a collective name for a flock (of sheep or goats); also figuratively (of men).
the sword 2719
{2719} Prime
חֶרֶב
chereb
{kheh'-reb}
From H2717; drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement.
[shall be] upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
his arm, 2220
{2220} Prime
זְרוֹעַ
z@rowa`
{zer-o'-ah}
From H2232; the arm (as stretched out), or (of animals) the foreleg; figuratively force.
and upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
his right 3225
{3225} Prime
יָמִין
yamiyn
{yaw-meen'}
From H3231; the right hand or side (leg, eye) of a person or other object (as the stronger and more dexterous); locally, the south.
eye: 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
his arm 2220
{2220} Prime
זְרוֹעַ
z@rowa`
{zer-o'-ah}
From H2232; the arm (as stretched out), or (of animals) the foreleg; figuratively force.
shall be clean y3001
[3001] Standard
יָבֵשׁ
yabesh
{yaw-bashe'}
A primitive root; to be ashamed, confused or disappointed; also (as failing) to dry up (as water) or wither (as herbage).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
dried up, 3001
{3001} Prime
יָבֵשׁ
yabesh
{yaw-bashe'}
A primitive root; to be ashamed, confused or disappointed; also (as failing) to dry up (as water) or wither (as herbage).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and his right 3225
{3225} Prime
יָמִין
yamiyn
{yaw-meen'}
From H3231; the right hand or side (leg, eye) of a person or other object (as the stronger and more dexterous); locally, the south.
eye 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
shall be utterly y3543
[3543] Standard
כָּהָה
kahah
{kaw-haw'}
A primitive root; to be weak, that is, (figuratively) to despond (causatively rebuke), or (of light, the eye) to grow dull.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
darkened. 3543
{3543} Prime
כָּהָה
kahah
{kaw-haw'}
A primitive root; to be weak, that is, (figuratively) to despond (causatively rebuke), or (of light, the eye) to grow dull.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zechariah 11:17

_ _ the idol — The Hebrew expresses both vanity and an idol. Compare Isaiah 14:13; Daniel 11:36; 2 Thessalonians 2:4; Revelation 13:5, Revelation 13:6, as to the idolatrous and blasphemous claims of Antichrist. The “idol shepherd that leaveth the flock” cannot apply to Rome, but to some ruler among the Jews themselves, at first cajoling, then “leaving” them, nay, destroying them (Daniel 9:27; Daniel 11:30-38). God’s sword shall descend on his “arm,” the instrument of his tyranny towards the sheep (2 Thessalonians 2:8); and on his “right eye,” wherewith he ought to have watched the sheep (John 10:12, John 10:13). However, Antichrist shall destroy, rather than “leave the flock.” Perhaps, therefore, the reference is to the shepherds who left the flock to Antichrist’s rapacity, and who, in just retribution, shall feel his “sword” on their “arm,” which ought to have protected the flock but did not, and on their “eye,” which had failed duly to watch the sheep from hurt. The blinding of “the right eye” has attached to it the notion of ignominy (1 Samuel 11:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zechariah 11:15-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zechariah 11:17

The idol shepherd — To them that are but the images of shepherds. That leaveth — Casts off the care of the flock. The sword — Of the enemy, shall break his strength and be — fool his counsels. Dried up — They that have gifts which qualify them to do good, if they do it not, they will be taken away. They that should have been workmen, but were slothful, and would do nothing, will justly have their arm dried up. And they that should have been watchmen, but were drowsy, will justly have their eye blinded.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zechariah 11:17

Woe to the idle shepherd that leaveth the flock! the sword [shall be] upon his (t) arm, and upon his right eye: his arm shall be wholly dried up, and his right eye shall be utterly darkened.

(t) By the arm he signifies strength, as he does wisdom and judgments by the eye: that is, the plague of God will take away both your strength and judgment.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Woe:

Jeremiah 22:1 Thus saith the LORD; Go down to the house of the king of Judah, and speak there this word,
Ezekiel 13:3 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe unto the foolish prophets, that follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing!
Ezekiel 34:2 Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, prophesy, and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD unto the shepherds; Woe [be] to the shepherds of Israel that do feed themselves! should not the shepherds feed the flocks?
Matthew 23:13 But woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for ye neither go in [yourselves], neither suffer ye them that are entering to go in.
Matthew 23:16 Woe unto you, [ye] blind guides, which say, Whosoever shall swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever shall swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor!
Luke 11:42-52 But woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye tithe mint and rue and all manner of herbs, and pass over judgment and the love of God: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone. ... Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in ye hindered.

idol:

Isaiah 9:15 The ancient and honourable, he [is] the head; and the prophet that teacheth lies, he [is] the tail.
Isaiah 44:10 Who hath formed a god, or molten a graven image [that] is profitable for nothing?
Jeremiah 23:32 Behold, I [am] against them that prophesy false dreams, saith the LORD, and do tell them, and cause my people to err by their lies, and by their lightness; yet I sent them not, nor commanded them: therefore they shall not profit this people at all, saith the LORD.
1 Corinthians 8:4 As concerning therefore the eating of those things that are offered in sacrifice unto idols, we know that an idol [is] nothing in the world, and that [there is] none other God but one.
1 Corinthians 10:19-20 What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing? ... But I [say], that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.

that leaveth:

John 10:12-13 But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep. ... The hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and careth not for the sheep.

the sword:

Isaiah 6:9-10 And he said, Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. ... Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.
Isaiah 29:10 For the LORD hath poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and hath closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers, the seers hath he covered.
Isaiah 42:19-20 Who [is] blind, but my servant? or deaf, as my messenger [that] I sent? who [is] blind as [he that is] perfect, and blind as the LORD'S servant? ... Seeing many things, but thou observest not; opening the ears, but he heareth not.
Jeremiah 50:35-37 A sword [is] upon the Chaldeans, saith the LORD, and upon the inhabitants of Babylon, and upon her princes, and upon her wise [men]. ... A sword [is] upon their horses, and upon their chariots, and upon all the mingled people that [are] in the midst of her; and they shall become as women: a sword [is] upon her treasures; and they shall be robbed.
Hosea 4:5-7 Therefore shalt thou fall in the day, and the prophet also shall fall with thee in the night, and I will destroy thy mother. ... As they were increased, so they sinned against me: [therefore] will I change their glory into shame.
Amos 8:9-10 And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord GOD, that I will cause the sun to go down at noon, and I will darken the earth in the clear day: ... And I will turn your feasts into mourning, and all your songs into lamentation; and I will bring up sackcloth upon all loins, and baldness upon every head; and I will make it as the mourning of an only [son], and the end thereof as a bitter day.
Micah 3:6-7 Therefore night [shall be] unto you, that ye shall not have a vision; and it shall be dark unto you, that ye shall not divine; and the sun shall go down over the prophets, and the day shall be dark over them. ... Then shall the seers be ashamed, and the diviners confounded: yea, they shall all cover their lips; for [there is] no answer of God.
John 9:39 And Jesus said, For judgment I am come into this world, that they which see not might see; and that they which see might be made blind.
John 12:40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with [their] eyes, nor understand with [their] heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.
Romans 11:7 What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded

his arm:

1 Samuel 2:31 Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thine house.
1 Kings 13:4 And it came to pass, when king Jeroboam heard the saying of the man of God, which had cried against the altar in Bethel, that he put forth his hand from the altar, saying, Lay hold on him. And his hand, which he put forth against him, dried up, so that he could not pull it in again to him.
Ezekiel 30:22-24 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I [am] against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and will break his arms, the strong, and that which was broken; and I will cause the sword to fall out of his hand. ... And I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, and put my sword in his hand: but I will break Pharaoh's arms, and he shall groan before him with the groanings of a deadly wounded [man].
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1S 2:31. 1K 13:4. Is 6:9; 9:15; 29:10; 42:19; 44:10. Jr 22:1; 23:32; 50:35. Ezk 13:3; 30:22; 34:2. Ho 4:5. Am 8:9. Mi 3:6. Mt 23:13, 16. Lk 11:42. Jn 9:39; 10:12; 12:40. Ro 11:7. 1Co 8:4; 10:19.

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