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Zechariah 11:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Jehovah said unto me, Take unto thee yet again the instruments of a foolish shepherd.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the LORD said unto me, Take unto thee yet the instruments of a foolish shepherd.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The LORD said to me, “Take again for yourself the equipment of a foolish shepherd.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the LORD said to me, Take to thee yet the instruments of a foolish shepherd.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jehovah said unto me, Take unto thee yet the instruments of a foolish shepherd.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then said Yahweh unto me,—Yet further take thee the implements of a worthless shepherd.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jehovah saith unto me, 'Again take to thee the instrument of a foolish shepherd.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Lord said to me: Take to thee yet the instruments of a foolish shepherd.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the LORD said vnto me, Take vnto thee yet the instruments of a foolish shepheard.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Lord said to me, Take yet to thee shepherd's implements belonging to an unskillful shepherd.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yahweh said unto me, Take unto thee yet the instruments of a foolish shepherd.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
said 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
me, Take 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
unto thee yet x5750
(5750) Complement
עוֹד
`owd
{ode}
From H5749; properly iteration or continuance; used only adverbially (with or without preposition), again, repeatedly, still, more.
the instruments 3627
{3627} Prime
כְּלִי
k@liy
{kel-ee'}
From H3615; something prepared, that is, any apparatus (as an implement, utensil, dress, vessel or weapon).
of a foolish 196
{0196} Prime
אֱוִלִי
'eviliy
{ev-ee-lee'}
From H0191; silly, foolish; hence (morally) impious.
shepherd. 7462
{7462} Prime
רָעָה
ra`ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to tend a flock, that is, pasture it; intransitively to graze (literally or figuratively); generally to rule; by extension to associate with (as a friend).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zechariah 11:15

_ _ yet — “take again”; as in Zechariah 11:7 previously he had taken other implements.

_ _ instruments — the accoutrements, namely, the shepherd’s crook and staff, wallet, etc. Assume the character of a bad (“foolish” in Scripture is synonymous with wicked, Psalms 14:1) shepherd, as before thou assumedst that of a good shepherd. Since the Jews would not have Messiah, “the Good Shepherd” (John 10:11), they were given up to Rome, heathen and papal, both alike their persecutor, especially the latter, and shall be again to Antichrist, the “man of sin,” the instrument of judgment by Christ’s permission. Antichrist will first make a covenant with them as their ruler, but then will break it, and they shall feel the iron yoke of his tyranny as the false Messiah, because they rejected the light yoke of the true Messiah (Daniel 11:35-38; Daniel 12:1; Daniel 9:27; 2 Thessalonians 2:3-12). But at last he is to perish utterly (Zechariah 11:17), and the elect remnant of Judah and Israel is to be saved gloriously.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Zechariah 11:15-17

_ _ God, having shown the misery of this people in their being justly abandoned by the good Shepherd, here shows their further misery in being shamefully abused by a foolish shepherd. The prophet is himself to personate and represent this pretended shepherd (Zechariah 11:15): Take unto thee the instruments or accoutrements of a foolish shepherd, that are no way fit for the business, such a shepherd's coat, and bag, and staff, as a foolish shepherd would appear in; for such a shepherd shall be set over them (Zechariah 11:16), who, instead of protecting them, shall oppress them and do them mischief. 1. They shall be under the inspection of unfaithful ministers. Their scribes, and priests, and doctors of their law, shall bind heavy burdens upon them, and grievous to be borne, and, with their traditions imposed, shall make the ceremonial law much more a yoke than God had made it. The description here given of the foolish shepherd suits very well with the character Christ gives of the scribes and Pharisees, Matthew 23:2. They shall be under the tyranny of unmerciful princes, that shall rule them with rigour, and make their own land as much a house of bondage to them as ever Egypt or Babylon was. When they had rejected him by whom princes decree justice it was just that they should be turned over to those who decree unrighteous decrees. 3. They shall be imposed upon and deluded by false Christs and false prophets, as our Saviour foretold, Matthew 24:5. Many such there were, who by their seditious practices provoked the Romans, and hastened the ruin of the Jewish nation; but it is observable that they were never cheated by a counterfeit Messiah till they had refused and rejected the true Messiah. Now observe,

_ _ I. What a curse this foolish shepherd should be to the people, Zechariah 11:16. God will, for their punishment, raise up a foolish shepherd, who will not do the duty of a shepherd; he will not visit those that are cut off, nor go after those that go astray, nor seek those that are missing, to find them out and bring them home, as the good shepherd does, Matthew 18:12, Matthew 18:13. Their shepherds take no care of the young ones, that need their care and are well worthy of it, as Christ does, Isaiah 40:11. They do not heal that which was broken, which was worried and torn, but let it die of its bruises, when a little thing, in time, would have saved it. They do not feed those who, through weakness, stand still, and are ready to faint, and cannot get forward, but leave them behind, let who will take them up; they do not carry that which stands still (so some read it); they never do any thing to support the weak and comfort the feeble-minded; but, on the contrary, 1. They are luxurious themselves: They eat of the flesh of the fat; they will have of the best for themselves; and, like that wicked servant that said, My lord delays his coming, they eat and drink with the drunken, and serve their own bellies. 2. They are barbarous to the flock. Their passions are as ill-governed as their appetites, for, when they are in a rage against any of the flock, they tear their very claws in pieces by over-driving them; they beat their hoofs; they smite their fellow servants. Woe unto thee, O land! when thy king is such a child!

_ _ II. What a curse this foolish shepherd should bring upon himself (Zechariah 11:17): Woe to the idol-shepherd, who, like an idol, has eyes and sees not, who, like an idol, receives abundance of respect and homage from the people and the chief of their offerings, but neither can nor will do them any kindness. He leaves the flock when they most need his care, leaves them destitute, and flees, because he is a hireling; his doom is that the sword of God's justice shall be upon his arm and his right eye, so that he shall quite lose the use of both. His arm shall wither and be dried up, so that he who would not help his friends when it was required shall not know how to help himself; his right eye shall be utterly darkened, that he shall not discern the danger that his flock is in, nor know which way to look for relief. This was fulfilled when Christ said to the Pharisees, I have come that those who see may be made blind, John 9:39. Those that have gifts which qualify them to do good, if they do not do good with them, shall be deprived of them; those that should have been workmen, but were slothful and would do nothing, will justly have their arm dried up; and those that should have been watchmen, but were sleepy and would never look about them, will justly have their eye blinded.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zechariah 11:15

Take unto thee — O Zechariah, personate a shepherd quite different from him thou hast represented.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zechariah 11:15

And the LORD said to me, Take to thee yet (r) the instruments of a foolish shepherd.

(r) Signifying that they should have a certain type of regiment and outward show of government: but in effect it would be nothing, for they would be wolves, and devouring beasts instead of shepherds.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a foolish:

Isaiah 6:10-12 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. ... And the LORD have removed men far away, and [there be] a great forsaking in the midst of the land.
Jeremiah 2:26-27 As the thief is ashamed when he is found, so is the house of Israel ashamed; they, their kings, their princes, and their priests, and their prophets, ... Saying to a stock, Thou [art] my father; and to a stone, Thou hast brought me forth: for they have turned [their] back unto me, and not [their] face: but in the time of their trouble they will say, Arise, and save us.
Lamentations 2:14 Thy prophets have seen vain and foolish things for thee: and they have not discovered thine iniquity, to turn away thy captivity; but have seen for thee false burdens and causes of banishment.
Ezekiel 13:3 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe unto the foolish prophets, that follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing!
Matthew 15:14 Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.
Matthew 23:17 [Ye] fools and blind: for whether is greater, the gold, or the temple that sanctifieth the gold?
Luke 11:40 [Ye] fools, did not he that made that which is without make that which is within also?
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Is 6:10. Jr 2:26. Lm 2:14. Ezk 13:3. Mt 15:14; 23:17. Lk 11:40.

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