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Zechariah 11:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Open thy doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may devour thy cedars.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Open thy doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may devour thy cedars.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Open your doors, O Lebanon, That a fire may feed on your cedars.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Open thy doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may devour thy cedars.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Open thy doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may devour thy cedars.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Open, O Lebanon, thy doors,—that a fire, may devour, thy cedar,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Open, O Lebanon, thy doors, And fire doth devour among thy cedars.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Open thy gates, O Libanus, and let fire devour thy cedars.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Open thy doores, O Lebanon, that the fire may deuoure thy cedars.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Open thy doors, O Lebanon{gr.Libanus}, and let the fire devour thy cedars.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Open thy doors, O Levanon, that the fire may devour thy cedars.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Open 6605
{6605} Prime
A primitive root; to open wide (literally or figuratively); specifically to loosen, begin, plough, carve.
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
thy doors, 1817
{1817} Prime
From H1802; something swinging, that is, the valve of a door.
O Lvnn לְבָנוֹן, 3844
{3844} Prime
From H3825; (the) white mountain (from its snow); Lebanon, a mountain range in Palestine.
that the fire 784
{0784} Prime
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
may devour 398
{0398} Prime
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
thy cedars. 730
{0730} Prime
From H0729; a cedar tree (from the tenacity of its roots).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zechariah 11:1

_ _ Zechariah 11:1-17. Destruction of the second Temple and Jewish polity for the rejection of Messiah.

_ _ Open thy doors, O Lebanon — that is, the temple so called, as being constructed of cedars of Lebanon, or as being lofty and conspicuous like that mountain (compare Ezekiel 17:3; Habakkuk 2:17). Forty years before the destruction of the temple, the tract called “Massecheth Joma” states, its doors of their own accord opened, and Rabbi Johanan in alarm said, I know that thy desolation is impending according to Zechariah’s prophecy. Calvin supposes Lebanon to refer to Judea, described by its north boundary: “Lebanon,” the route by which the Romans, according to Josephus, gradually advanced towards Jerusalem. Moore, from Hengstenberg, refers the passage to the civil war which caused the calling in of the Romans, who, like a storm sweeping through the land from Lebanon, deprived Judea of its independence. Thus the passage forms a fit introduction to the prediction as to Messiah born when Judea became a Roman province. But the weight of authority is for the former view.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Zechariah 11:1-3

_ _ In dark and figurative expressions, as is usual in the scripture predictions of things at a great distance, that destruction of Jerusalem and of the Jewish church and nation is here foretold which our Lord Jesus, when the time was at hand, prophesied of very plainly and expressly. We have here, 1. Preparation made for that destruction (Zechariah 11:1): “Open thy doors, O Lebanon! Thou wouldst not open them to let thy king in — he came to his own and his own received him not; now thou must open them to let thy ruin in. Let the gates of the forest, and all the avenues to it, be thrown open, and let the fire come in and devour its glory.” Some by Lebanon here understand the temple, which was built of cedars from Lebanon, and the stones of it white as the snow of Lebanon. It was burnt with fire by the Romans, and its gates were forced open by the fury of the soldiers. To confirm this, they tell a story, that forty years before the destruction of the second temple the gates of it opened of their own accord, upon which prodigy Rabbi Johanan made this remark (as it is found in one of the Jewish authors), “Now I know,” said he, “that the destruction of the temple is at hand, according to the prophecy of Zechariah, Open thy doors, O Lebanon! that the fire may devour thy cedars.” Others understand it of Jerusalem, or rather of the whole land of Canaan, to which Lebanon was an inlet on the north. All shall lie open to the invader, and the cedars, the mighty and eminent men, shall be devoured, which cannot but alarm those of an inferior rank, Zechariah 11:2. If the cedars have fallen (if all the mighty are spoiled, and brought to ruin), let the fir-tree howl. How can the slender fir-trees stand if stately cedars fall? If cedars are devoured by fire, it is time for the fir-trees to howl; for no wood is so combustible as that of the fir. And let the oaks of Bashan, that lie exposed to every injury, howl, for the forest of the vintage (or the flourishing vineyard, that used to be guarded with a particular care) has come down, or (as some read it) when the defenced forests, such as Lebanon was, have come down. Note, The falls of the wise and good into sin, and the falls of the rich and great into trouble, are loud alarms to those that are every way their inferiors not to be secure. 2. Lamentation made for the destruction (Zechariah 11:3): There is a voice of howling. Those who have fallen howl for grief and shame, and those who see their own turn coming howl for fear. But the great men especially receive the alarm with the utmost confusion. Those who were roaring in the day of their revels and triumphs are howling in the day of their terrors; for now they are tormented more than others. Those great men were by office shepherds, and such should have protected God's flock committed to their charge; it is the duty both of princes and priests. But they were as young lions, that made themselves a terror to the flock with their roaring and the flock a prey to themselves with their tearing. Note, It is sad with a people when those who should be as shepherds to them are as young lions to them. But what is the issue? The shepherds howl, for their glory is spoiled. Their pastures, and the flocks which covered them, which were the glory of the swains, are laid waste. The young lions howl, for the pride of Jordan is spoiled. The pride of Jordan was the thickets on the banks, in which the lions reposed themselves; and therefore, when the river overflowed and spoiled them, the lions came up from them (as we read Jeremiah 49:19), and they came up roaring. Note, When those who have power proudly abuse their power, and, instead of being shepherds, are as young lions, they may expect that the righteous God will humble their pride and break their power.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zechariah 11:1

Open thy doors — That destruction of the Jewish church and nation, is here foretold in dark and figurative expressions, which our Lord, when the time was at hand, prophesied of very plainly. Lebanon — Lebanon, a great mountain boundary between Judea and its neighbours on the north, is here commanded to open its gates, its fortifications raised to secure the passages, which lead into Judea. That the fire — Fire kindled by the enemy in the houses and buildings in Judea, and in Lebanon itself. The cedars — Palaces built with cedars.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zechariah 11:1

Open thy doors, O (a) Lebanon, that the fire may devour thy cedars.

(a) Because the Jews thought themselves so strong by reason of this mountain, that no enemy could come to hurt them, the Prophet shows that when God sends the enemies, it will show itself ready to receive them.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
O Lebanon:

Zechariah 10:10 I will bring them again also out of the land of Egypt, and gather them out of Assyria; and I will bring them into the land of Gilead and Lebanon; and [place] shall not be found for them.
Jeremiah 22:6-7 For thus saith the LORD unto the king's house of Judah; Thou [art] Gilead unto me, [and] the head of Lebanon: [yet] surely I will make thee a wilderness, [and] cities [which] are not inhabited. ... And I will prepare destroyers against thee, every one with his weapons: and they shall cut down thy choice cedars, and cast [them] into the fire.
Jeremiah 22:23 O inhabitant of Lebanon, that makest thy nest in the cedars, how gracious shalt thou be when pangs come upon thee, the pain as of a woman in travail!
Habakkuk 2:8 Because thou hast spoiled many nations, all the remnant of the people shall spoil thee; because of men's blood, and [for] the violence of the land, of the city, and of all that dwell therein.
Habakkuk 2:17 For the violence of Lebanon shall cover thee, and the spoil of beasts, [which] made them afraid, because of men's blood, and for the violence of the land, of the city, and of all that dwell therein.
Haggai 1:8 Go up to the mountain, and bring wood, and build the house; and I will take pleasure in it, and I will be glorified, saith the LORD.


Zechariah 14:1-2 Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of thee. ... For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off from the city.
Deuteronomy 32:22 For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundations of the mountains.
Matthew 24:1-2 And Jesus went out, and departed from the temple: and his disciples came to [him] for to shew him the buildings of the temple. ... And Jesus said unto them, See ye not all these things? verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down.
Luke 19:41-44 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it, ... And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.
Luke 21:23-24 But woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck, in those days! for there shall be great distress in the land, and wrath upon this people. ... And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:22. Jr 22:6, 23. Hab 2:8, 17. Hg 1:8. Zc 10:10; 14:1. Mt 24:1. Lk 19:41; 21:23.

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