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Zechariah 10:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— From him shall come forth the corner-stone, from him the nail, from him the battle bow, from him every ruler together.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Out of him came forth the corner, out of him the nail, out of him the battle bow, out of him every oppressor together.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “From them will come the cornerstone, From them the tent peg, From them the bow of battle, From them every ruler, [all] of them together.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Out of him came forth the corner, out of him the nail, out of him the battle-bow, out of him every oppressor together.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— From him shall come forth the corner-stone, from him the nail, from him the battle bow, from him every exactor together.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— From him, the commander, from him, the supporter, from him, the war-bow,—from him, shall proceed every one that driveth on, together;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— From him [is] a corner-stone, From him a nail, from him a battle-bow, From him goeth forth every exactor together.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Out of him shall come forth the corner, out of him the pin, out of him the bow of battle, out of him every exacter together.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Out of him [came forth] the corner, out of him the naile, out of him the battell bow, out of him euery oppressour together.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And from him he looked, and from him he set [the battle in order], and from him [came] the bow in anger, [and] from him shall come forth every oppressor together.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Out of him came forth the corner, out of him the nail, out of him the battle bow, out of him every oppressor together.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Out of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
him came forth 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the corner, 6438
{6438} Prime
פִּנָּה
pinnah
{pin-naw'}
Feminine of H6434; an angle; by implication a pinnacle; figuratively a chieftain.
out of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
him the nail, 3489
{3489} Prime
יָתֵד
yathed
{yaw-thade'}
From an unused root meaning to pin through or fast; a peg.
out of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
him the battle 4421
{4421} Prime
מִלְחָמָה
milchamah
{mil-khaw-maw'}
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
bow, 7198
{7198} Prime
קֶשֶׁת
qesheth
{keh'-sheth}
From H7185 in the original sense (of H6983) of bending; a bow, for shooting (hence figuratively strength) or the iris.
out of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
him every x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
oppressor 5065
{5065} Prime
נגשׂ
nagas
{naw-gas'}
A primitive root; to drive (an animal, a workman, a debtor, an army); by implication to tax, harass, tyrannize.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
together. 3162
{3162} Prime
יַחַד
yachad
{yakh'-ad}
From H3161; properly a unit, that is, (adverbially) unitedly.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zechariah 10:4

_ _ Out of himJudah is to be no more subject to foreigners, but from itself shall come its rulers.

_ _ the corner — stone, Messiah (Isaiah 28:16). “Corners” simply express governors (1 Samuel 14:38, Margin; Isaiah 19:13, Margin). The Maccabees, Judah’s governors and deliverers from Antiochus the oppressor, are primarily meant; but Messiah is the Antitype. Messiah supports and binds together the Church, Jews and Gentiles.

_ _ the nail — (Judges 4:21; Isaiah 22:23). The large peg inside an Oriental tent, on which is hung most of its valuable furniture. On Messiah hang all the glory and hope of His people.

_ _ bow — (Zechariah 9:13). Judah shall not need foreign soldiery. Messiah shall be her battle-bow (Psalms 45:4, Psalms 45:5; Revelation 6:2).

_ _ every oppressor — rather, in a good sense, ruler, as the kindred Ethiopic term means. So “exactor,” in Isaiah 60:17, namely, one who exacts the tribute from the nations made tributary to Judah [Ludovicus De Dieu].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zechariah 10:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zechariah 10:4

Out of him — From God. The corner — The prince or ruler, who is in a polity as a corner — stone in buildings. The nail — Which fastens the tents of war, or the timber together in a house. The battle bow — All warlike provision. Every oppressor — Or collector of tribute. It was from God that Nebuchadnezzar mightily prevailed, and opprest Israel; and it is from God also, that Judah grows up to such power, as to be able to cope with his adversaries, and to impose tribute on them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zechariah 10:4

Out (f) of him came forth the corner, out of him the nail, out of him the battle bow, out of him every (g) oppressor together.

(f) Out of Judah will the chief governor proceed, who will be as a corner to uphold the building, and as a nail to fasten it together.

(g) Over their enemies.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
of him came forth:

Zechariah 1:20-21 And the LORD shewed me four carpenters. ... Then said I, What come these to do? And he spake, saying, These [are] the horns which have scattered Judah, so that no man did lift up his head: but these are come to fray them, to cast out the horns of the Gentiles, which lifted up [their] horn over the land of Judah to scatter it.
Zechariah 9:13-16 When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim, and raised up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece, and made thee as the sword of a mighty man. ... And the LORD their God shall save them in that day as the flock of his people: for they [shall be as] the stones of a crown, lifted up as an ensign upon his land.
Zechariah 12:6-8 In that day will I make the governors of Judah like an hearth of fire among the wood, and like a torch of fire in a sheaf; and they shall devour all the people round about, on the right hand and on the left: and Jerusalem shall be inhabited again in her own place, [even] in Jerusalem. ... In that day shall the LORD defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he that is feeble among them at that day shall be as David; and the house of David [shall be] as God, as the angel of the LORD before them.
Numbers 24:17 I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth.
Isaiah 41:14-16 Fear not, thou worm Jacob, [and] ye men of Israel; I will help thee, saith the LORD, and thy redeemer, the Holy One of Israel. ... Thou shalt fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and thou shalt rejoice in the LORD, [and] shalt glory in the Holy One of Israel.
Isaiah 49:2 And he hath made my mouth like a sharp sword; in the shadow of his hand hath he hid me, and made me a polished shaft; in his quiver hath he hid me;
Isaiah 54:16 Behold, I have created the smith that bloweth the coals in the fire, and that bringeth forth an instrument for his work; and I have created the waster to destroy.
Jeremiah 1:18 For, behold, I have made thee this day a defenced city, and an iron pillar, and brasen walls against the whole land, against the kings of Judah, against the princes thereof, against the priests thereof, and against the people of the land.
Micah 5:5-8 And this [man] shall be the peace, when the Assyrian shall come into our land: and when he shall tread in our palaces, then shall we raise against him seven shepherds, and eight principal men. ... And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles in the midst of many people as a lion among the beasts of the forest, as a young lion among the flocks of sheep: who, if he go through, both treadeth down, and teareth in pieces, and none can deliver.
Matthew 9:38 Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest, that he will send forth labourers into his harvest.
2 Corinthians 10:4-5 (For the weapons of our warfare [are] not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;) ... Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;
Ephesians 4:8-11 Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. ... And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;
Ephesians 6:10-17 Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might. ... And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:
2 Timothy 2:4 No man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of [this] life; that he may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier.
Revelation 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him [are] called, and chosen, and faithful.
Revelation 19:13-15 And he [was] clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God. ... And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.

the corner:

1 Samuel 14:38 And Saul said, Draw ye near hither, all the chief of the people: and know and see wherein this sin hath been this day.
Isaiah 19:13 The princes of Zoan are become fools, the princes of Noph are deceived; they have also seduced Egypt, [even they that are] the stay of the tribes thereof.

the nail:

Ezra 9:8 And now for a little space grace hath been [shewed] from the LORD our God, to leave us a remnant to escape, and to give us a nail in his holy place, that our God may lighten our eyes, and give us a little reviving in our bondage.
Isaiah 22:23-25 And I will fasten him [as] a nail in a sure place; and he shall be for a glorious throne to his father's house. ... In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, shall the nail that is fastened in the sure place be removed, and be cut down, and fall; and the burden that [was] upon it shall be cut off: for the LORD hath spoken [it].

the battle:

Zechariah 9:8 And I will encamp about mine house because of the army, because of him that passeth by, and because of him that returneth: and no oppressor shall pass through them any more: for now have I seen with mine eyes.
Zechariah 9:10 And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak peace unto the heathen: and his dominion [shall be] from sea [even] to sea, and from the river [even] to the ends of the earth.
Genesis 49:24 But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty [God] of Jacob; (from thence [is] the shepherd, the stone of Israel:)
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 49:24. Nu 24:17. 1S 14:38. Ezr 9:8. Is 19:13; 22:23; 41:14; 49:2; 54:16. Jr 1:18. Mi 5:5. Zc 1:20; 9:8, 10, 13; 12:6. Mt 9:38. 2Co 10:4. Ep 4:8; 6:10. 2Ti 2:4. Rv 17:14; 19:13.

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