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Zechariah 1:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I am very sore displeased with the nations that are at ease; for I was but a little displeased, and they helped forward the affliction.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And I am very sore displeased with the heathen [that are] at ease: for I was but a little displeased, and they helped forward the affliction.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But I am very angry with the nations who are at ease; for while I was only a little angry, they furthered the disaster.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And I am very greatly displeased with the heathen [that are] at ease: for I was but a little displeased, and they helped forward the affliction.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and I am wroth exceedingly with the nations that are at ease; for I was but a little wroth, and they helped forward the affliction.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, with a great displeasure, am I displeased with the careless nations,—in that, when, I, was displeased (for) a little, then, they, helped forward the calamity,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And [with] great wrath I am wroth against the nations who are at ease, For I was a little wroth, and they assisted—for evil.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I am angry with a great anger with the wealthy nations: for I was angry a little, but they helped forward the evil.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And I am very sore displeased with the heathen that are at ease: for I was but a little displeased, and they helped forward the affliction.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I am very angry with the heathen that combine to attack [her]: forasmuch as I indeed was a little angry, but they combined to attack [her] for evil.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And I am very sore displeased with the heathen [that are] at ease: for I was but a little displeased, and they helped forward the affliction.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
am very 1419
{1419} Prime
גָּדוֹל
gadowl
{gaw-dole'}
From H1431; great (in any sense); hence older; also insolent.
sore y7110
[7110] Standard
קֶצֶף
qetseph
{keh'-tsef}
From H7107; a splinter (as chipped off); figuratively rage or strife.
displeased 7107
{7107} Prime
קָצַף
qatsaph
{kaw-tsaf'}
A primitive root; to crack off, that is, (figuratively) burst out in rage.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x7110
(7110) Complement
קֶצֶף
qetseph
{keh'-tsef}
From H7107; a splinter (as chipped off); figuratively rage or strife.
with x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the heathen 1471
{1471} Prime
גּוֹי
gowy
{go'-ee}
Apparently from the same root as H1465 (in the sense of massing); a foreign nation; hence a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts.
[that are] at ease: 7600
{7600} Prime
שַׁאֲנָן
sha'anan
{shah-an-awn'}
From H7599; secure; in a bad sense, haughty.
for x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
was but a little 4592
{4592} Prime
מְעַט
m@`at
{meh-at'}
From H4591; a little or few (often adverbial or comparative).
displeased, 7107
{7107} Prime
קָצַף
qatsaph
{kaw-tsaf'}
A primitive root; to crack off, that is, (figuratively) burst out in rage.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and they x1992
(1992) Complement
הֵם
hem
{haym}
Masculine plural from H1931; they (only used when emphatic).
helped 5826
{5826} Prime
עָזַר
`azar
{aw-zar'}
A primitive root; to surround, that is, protect or aid.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
forward the affliction. 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Zechariah 1:15

_ _ very sore displeased with the heathen — in contrast with “I was but a little displeased” with My people. God’s displeasure with His people is temporary and for their chastening; with the heathen oppressors, it is final and fatal (Jeremiah 30:11). God’s instruments for chastising His people, when He has done with them, He casts into the fire.

_ _ are at ease — carnally secure. A stronger phrase than “is at rest” (Zechariah 1:11). They are “at ease,” but as I am “sore displeased” with them, their ease is accursed. Judah is in “affliction,” but as I love her and am jealous for her, she has every reason to be encouraged in prosecuting the temple work.

_ _ helped forward the affliction — afflicted My people more than I desired. The heathen sought the utter extinction of Judah to gratify their own ambition and revenge (Isaiah 47:6; Ezekiel 25:3, Ezekiel 25:6; Obadiah 1:10-17).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Zechariah 1:7-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Zechariah 1:15

A little displeased — With mine own people, that is, in comparison of the anger I bear against the Heathen. Helped forward — Attempted to destroy whom I would but correct.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Zechariah 1:15

And I am very greatly displeased with the nations [that are] at ease: for I was but (o) a little displeased, and they helped forward the affliction.

(o) In destroying the reprobate, I showed myself but a little angry toward my Church, but the enemy would have destroyed them also, and did not consider the goal of my chastisements.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Zechariah 1:2 The LORD hath been sore displeased with your fathers.
Zechariah 1:11 And they answered the angel of the LORD that stood among the myrtle trees, and said, We have walked to and fro through the earth, and, behold, all the earth sitteth still, and is at rest.
Isaiah 47:7-9 And thou saidst, I shall be a lady for ever: [so] that thou didst not lay these [things] to thy heart, neither didst remember the latter end of it. ... But these two [things] shall come to thee in a moment in one day, the loss of children, and widowhood: they shall come upon thee in their perfection for the multitude of thy sorceries, [and] for the great abundance of thine enchantments.
Jeremiah 48:11-13 Moab hath been at ease from his youth, and he hath settled on his lees, and hath not been emptied from vessel to vessel, neither hath he gone into captivity: therefore his taste remained in him, and his scent is not changed. ... And Moab shall be ashamed of Chemosh, as the house of Israel was ashamed of Bethel their confidence.
Amos 6:1 Woe to them [that are] at ease in Zion, and trust in the mountain of Samaria, [which are] named chief of the nations, to whom the house of Israel came!
Revelation 18:7-8 How much she hath glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she saith in her heart, I sit a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow. ... Therefore shall her plagues come in one day, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong [is] the Lord God who judgeth her.

for:

Isaiah 54:8 In a little wrath I hid my face from thee for a moment; but with everlasting kindness will I have mercy on thee, saith the LORD thy Redeemer.
Hebrews 12:6-7 For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth. ... If ye endure chastening, God dealeth with you as with sons; for what son is he whom the father chasteneth not?

and:

Psalms 69:26 For they persecute [him] whom thou hast smitten; and they talk to the grief of those whom thou hast wounded.
Psalms 83:2-5 For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head. ... For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee:
Psalms 137:7 Remember, O LORD, the children of Edom in the day of Jerusalem; who said, Rase [it], rase [it, even] to the foundation thereof.
Isaiah 10:5-7 O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff in their hand is mine indignation. ... Howbeit he meaneth not so, neither doth his heart think so; but [it is] in his heart to destroy and cut off nations not a few.
Isaiah 47:6 I was wroth with my people, I have polluted mine inheritance, and given them into thine hand: thou didst shew them no mercy; upon the ancient hast thou very heavily laid thy yoke.
Jeremiah 51:24 And I will render unto Babylon and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea all their evil that they have done in Zion in your sight, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 51:34-35 Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicates, he hath cast me out. ... The violence done to me and to my flesh [be] upon Babylon, shall the inhabitant of Zion say; and my blood upon the inhabitants of Chaldea, shall Jerusalem say.
Ezekiel 25:3-7 And say unto the Ammonites, Hear the word of the Lord GOD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou saidst, Aha, against my sanctuary, when it was profaned; and against the land of Israel, when it was desolate; and against the house of Judah, when they went into captivity; ... Behold, therefore I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and will deliver thee for a spoil to the heathen; and I will cut thee off from the people, and I will cause thee to perish out of the countries: I will destroy thee; and thou shalt know that I [am] the LORD.
Ezekiel 25:12-17 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because that Edom hath dealt against the house of Judah by taking vengeance, and hath greatly offended, and revenged himself upon them; ... And I will execute great vengeance upon them with furious rebukes; and they shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I shall lay my vengeance upon them.
Ezekiel 26:2 Son of man, because that Tyrus hath said against Jerusalem, Aha, she is broken [that was] the gates of the people: she is turned unto me: I shall be replenished, [now] she is laid waste:
Ezekiel 29:6-7 And all the inhabitants of Egypt shall know that I [am] the LORD, because they have been a staff of reed to the house of Israel. ... When they took hold of thee by thy hand, thou didst break, and rend all their shoulder: and when they leaned upon thee, thou brakest, and madest all their loins to be at a stand.
Ezekiel 25:3-9 And say unto the Ammonites, Hear the word of the Lord GOD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou saidst, Aha, against my sanctuary, when it was profaned; and against the land of Israel, when it was desolate; and against the house of Judah, when they went into captivity; ... Therefore, behold, I will open the side of Moab from the cities, from his cities [which are] on his frontiers, the glory of the country, Bethjeshimoth, Baalmeon, and Kiriathaim,
Ezekiel 36:4-5 Therefore, ye mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord GOD; Thus saith the Lord GOD to the mountains, and to the hills, to the rivers, and to the valleys, to the desolate wastes, and to the cities that are forsaken, which became a prey and derision to the residue of the heathen that [are] round about; ... Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Surely in the fire of my jealousy have I spoken against the residue of the heathen, and against all Idumea, which have appointed my land into their possession with the joy of all [their] heart, with despiteful minds, to cast it out for a prey.
Amos 1:3-13 Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of Damascus, and for four, I will not turn away [the punishment] thereof; because they have threshed Gilead with threshing instruments of iron: ... Thus saith the LORD; For three transgressions of the children of Ammon, and for four, I will not turn away [the punishment] thereof; because they have ripped up the women with child of Gilead, that they might enlarge their border:
Obadiah 1:10-16 For [thy] violence against thy brother Jacob shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever. ... For as ye have drunk upon my holy mountain, [so] shall all the heathen drink continually, yea, they shall drink, and they shall swallow down, and they shall be as though they had not been.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 69:26; 83:2; 137:7. Is 10:5; 47:6, 7; 54:8. Jr 48:11; 51:24, 34. Ezk 25:3, 12; 26:2; 29:6; 36:4. Am 1:3; 6:1. Ob 1:10. Zc 1:2, 11. He 12:6. Rv 18:7.

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