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Titus 3:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For we also once were foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, hating one another.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For we also once were foolish ourselves, disobedient, deceived, enslaved to various lusts and pleasures, spending our life in malice and envy, hateful, hating one another.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For we were once ourselves also without intelligence, disobedient, wandering in error, serving various lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, even we, used, at one time, to be—thoughtless, unyielding, deceived, in servitude unto manifold covetings and pleasures, in malice and envy, leading on, detestable, hating one another.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for we were once—also we—thoughtless, disobedient, led astray, serving desires and pleasures manifold, in malice and envy living, odious—hating one another;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For we ourselves also were some time unwise, incredulous, erring, slaves to divers desires and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful and hating one another.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For we our selues also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceiued, seruing diuers lusts and pleasures, liuing in malice and enuy, hatefull, [and] hating one another.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For we also were afore-time without understanding, and disobedient and erring, and were subjected to various lusts; and in malice, and in envy we conversed, and were hateful, and also hating one another.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For we also were formerly reckless, and disobedient, and erring, and serving divers lusts, and living in malice and envy, and were hateful and also hating one another.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 1063
{1063} Prime
γάρ
gar
{gar}
A primary particle; properly assigning a reason (used in argument, explanation or intensification; often with other particles).
we x2249
(2249) Complement
ἡμεῖς
hemeis
{hay-mice'}
Nomitive plural of G1473; we (only used when emphatic).
ourselves y2249
[2249] Standard
ἡμεῖς
hemeis
{hay-mice'}
Nomitive plural of G1473; we (only used when emphatic).
also 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
were 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
y453
[0453] Standard
ἀνόητος
anoetos
{an-o'-ay-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of G3539; unintelligent; by implication sensual.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
sometimes 4218
{4218} Prime
ποτέ
pote
{pot-eh'}
From the base of G4225 and G5037; indefinite adverb, at some time, ever.
foolish, 453
{0453} Prime
ἀνόητος
anoetos
{an-o'-ay-tos}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and a derivative of G3539; unintelligent; by implication sensual.
disobedient, 545
{0545} Prime
ἀπειθής
apeithes
{ap-i-thace'}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G3982; unpersuadable, that is, contumacious.
deceived, 4105
{4105} Prime
πλανάω
planao
{plan-ah'-o}
From G4106; to (properly cause to) roam (from safety, truth, or virtue).
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
serving 1398
{1398} Prime
δουλεύω
douleuo
{dool-yoo'-o}
From G1401; to be a slave to (literally or figuratively, involuntarily or voluntarily).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
divers 4164
{4164} Prime
ποικίλος
poikilos
{poy-kee'-los}
Of uncertain derivation; motley, that is, various in character.
lusts 1939
{1939} Prime
ἐπιθυμία
epithumia
{ep-ee-thoo-mee'-ah}
From G1937; a longing (especially for what is forbidden).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
pleasures, 2237
{2237} Prime
ἡδονή
hedone
{hay-don-ay'}
From ἁνδάνω [[handano]] (to please); sensual delight; by implication desire.
living 1236
{1236} Prime
διάγω
diago
{dee-ag'-o}
From G1223 and G0071; to pass time or life.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
malice 2549
{2549} Prime
κακία
kakia
{kak-ee'-ah}
From G2556; badness, that is, (subjectively) depravity, or (actively) malignity, or (passively) trouble.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
envy, 5355
{5355} Prime
φθόνος
phthonos
{fthon'-os}
Probably akin to the base of G5351; ill will (as detraction), that is, jealousy (spite).
hateful, 4767
{4767} Prime
στυγνητός
stugnetos
{stoog-nay-tos'}
From a derivative of an obsolete, apparently primary, word στύγω [[stugo]] (to hate); hated, that is, odious.
[and] hating 3404
{3404} Prime
μισέω
miseo
{mis-eh'-o}
From a primary word μῖσος [[misos]] (hatred); to detest (especially to persecute); by extension to love less.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
one another. 240
{0240} Prime
ἀλλήλων
allelon
{al-lay'-lone}
Genitive plural from G0243 reduplicated; one another. (Sometimes with G3326 or G4314.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Titus 3:3

_ _ For — Our own past sins should lead us to be lenient towards those of others. “Despise none, for such wast thou also.” As the penitent thief said to his fellow thief, “Dost thou not fear God ... seeing that thou art in the same condemnation.”

_ _ we — Christians.

_ _ were — Contrast Titus 3:4, “But when,” that is, now: a favorite contrast in Paul’s writing, that between our past state by nature, and our present state of deliverance from it by grace. As God treated us, we ought to treat our neighbor.

_ _ sometimes — once.

_ _ foolish — wanting right reason in our course of living. Irrational. The exact picture of human life without grace. Grace is the sole remedy for foolishness.

_ _ disobedient — to God.

_ _ deceived — led astray. The same Greek, “out of the way” (Hebrews 5:2).

_ _ servingGreek, “in bondage to,” serving as slaves.

_ _ divers — The cloyed appetite craves constant variety.

_ _ pleasures — of the flesh.

_ _ malice — malignity.

_ _ hateful ... hating — correlatives. Provoking the hatred of others by their detestable character and conduct, and in turn hating them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Titus 3:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Titus 3:3

For we — And as God hath dealt with us, so ought we to deal with our neighbour. Were without understanding — Wholly ignorant of God. And disobedient — When he was declared to us.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Titus 3:3

(2) For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, [and] hating one another.

(2) He confirms again the former exhortation by propounding the free benefit of our regeneration, the symbol of which is our baptism. (Ed.)

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
we:

Romans 3:9-20 What then? are we better [than they]? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin; ... Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin.
1 Corinthians 6:9-11 Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind, ... And such were some of you: but ye are washed, but ye are sanctified, but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God.
Ephesians 2:1-3 And you [hath he quickened], who were dead in trespasses and sins; ... Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.
Colossians 1:21 And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in [your] mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled
Colossians 3:7 In the which ye also walked some time, when ye lived in them.
1 Peter 4:1-3 Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin; ... For the time past of [our] life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:

foolish:

Proverbs 1:22-23 How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity? and the scorners delight in their scorning, and fools hate knowledge? ... Turn you at my reproof: behold, I will pour out my spirit unto you, I will make known my words unto you.
Proverbs 8:5 O ye simple, understand wisdom: and, ye fools, be ye of an understanding heart.
Proverbs 9:6 Forsake the foolish, and live; and go in the way of understanding.

disobedient:

Matthew 21:29 He answered and said, I will not: but afterward he repented, and went.
Acts 9:1-6 And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the disciples of the Lord, went unto the high priest, ... And he trembling and astonished said, Lord, what wilt thou have me to do? And the Lord [said] unto him, Arise, and go into the city, and it shall be told thee what thou must do.
Acts 26:19-20 Whereupon, O king Agrippa, I was not disobedient unto the heavenly vision: ... But shewed first unto them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all the coasts of Judaea, and [then] to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, and do works meet for repentance.
Ephesians 2:2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:
1 Peter 1:14 As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance:

deceived:

Isaiah 44:20 He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, [Is there] not a lie in my right hand?
Obadiah 1:3 The pride of thine heart hath deceived thee, thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, whose habitation [is] high; that saith in his heart, Who shall bring me down to the ground?
Luke 21:8 And he said, Take heed that ye be not deceived: for many shall come in my name, saying, I am [Christ]; and the time draweth near: go ye not therefore after them.
Galatians 6:3 For if a man think himself to be something, when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself.
James 1:26 If any man among you seem to be religious, and bridleth not his tongue, but deceiveth his own heart, this man's religion [is] vain.
Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.
Revelation 13:14 And deceiveth them that dwell on the earth by [the means of] those miracles which he had power to do in the sight of the beast; saying to them that dwell on the earth, that they should make an image to the beast, which had the wound by a sword, and did live.

serving:

John 8:34 Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin.
Romans 6:17 But God be thanked, that ye were the servants of sin, but ye have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which was delivered you.
Romans 6:22 But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.

living:

Romans 1:29-31 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers, ... Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:
2 Corinthians 12:20 For I fear, lest, when I come, I shall not find you such as I would, and [that] I shall be found unto you such as ye would not: lest [there be] debates, envyings, wraths, strifes, backbitings, whisperings, swellings, tumults:
2 Timothy 3:2-3 For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, ... Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good,

hateful:

Psalms 36:2 For he flattereth himself in his own eyes, until his iniquity be found to be hateful.
Revelation 18:2 And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and is become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird.
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Ps 36:2. Pv 1:22; 8:5; 9:6. Is 44:20. Ob 1:3. Mt 21:29. Lk 21:8. Jn 8:34. Ac 9:1; 26:19. Ro 1:29; 3:9; 6:17, 22. 1Co 6:9. 2Co 12:20. Ga 6:3. Ep 2:1, 2. Col 1:21; 3:7. 2Ti 3:2. Jm 1:26. 1P 1:14; 4:1. Rv 12:9; 13:14; 18:2.

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