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Titus 2:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— that aged men be temperate, grave, sober-minded, sound in faith, in love, in patience:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Older men are to be temperate, dignified, sensible, sound in faith, in love, in perseverance.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— that the elder men be sober, grave, discreet, sound in faith, in love, in patience;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— That, aged men, be, sober, grave, sober-minded, healthy in their faith, love, endurance;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— aged men to be temperate, grave, sober, sound in the faith, in the love, in the endurance;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— That the aged men be sober, chaste, prudent, sound in faith, in love, in patience.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That the aged men be sober, graue, temperate, sound in faith, in charitie, in patience.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and teach, That the elders be watchful in their minds, and be chaste and pure, and sound in the faith, and in charity, and in patience.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And teach the older men to be watchful in their minds, and to be sober, and to be pure, and to be sound in the faith, and in love and in patience.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
That the aged men 4246
{4246} Prime
From the same as G4245; an old man.
be 1511
{1511} Prime
Present infinitive from G1510; to exist.
<5750> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 135
sober, 3524
{3524} Prime
From G3525; sober, that is, (figuratively) circumspect.
grave, 4586
{4586} Prime
From G4576; venerable, that is, honorable.
temperate, 4998
{4998} Prime
From the base of G4982 and that of G5424; safe (sound) in mind, that is, self controlled (moderate as to opinion or passion).
sound 5198
{5198} Prime
From G5199; to have sound health, that is, be well (in body); figuratively to be uncorrupt (true in doctrine).
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
in faith, 4102
{4102} Prime
From G3982; persuasion, that is, credence; moral conviction (of religious truth, or the truthfulness of God or a religious teacher), especially reliance upon Christ for salvation; abstractly constancy in such profession; by extension the system of religious (Gospel) truth itself.
in charity, 26
{0026} Prime
From G0025; love, that is, affection or benevolence; specifically (plural) a love feast.
in patience. 5281
{5281} Prime
From G5278; cheerful (or hopeful) endurance, constancy.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Titus 2:2

_ _ sober — Translated “vigilant,” as sober men alone can be (1 Timothy 3:2). But “sober” here answers to “not given to wine,” Titus 2:3; Titus 1:7.

_ _ grave — “dignified”; behaving with reverent propriety.

_ _ temperate — “self-restrained”; “discreet” [Alford], (Titus 1:8; 1 Timothy 2:9).

_ _ faith ... charity [love] ... patience — combined in 1 Timothy 6:11. “Faith, hope, charity” (1 Corinthians 13:13). “Patience,” Greek, “enduring perseverance,” is the attendant on, and is supported by, “hope” (1 Corinthians 13:7; 1 Thessalonians 1:3). It is the grace which especially becomes old men, being the fruit of ripened experience derived from trials overcome (Romans 5:3).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Titus 2:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Titus 2:2

Vigilant — As veteran soldiers, not easily to be surprised. Patience — A virtue particularly needful for and becoming them. Serious — Not drolling or diverting on the brink of eternity.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Titus 2:2

(2) That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience.

(2) What are the principal virtues for old and young, both men and women: and how they ought to be stirred up to do them continually.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Leviticus 19:32 Thou shalt rise up before the hoary head, and honour the face of the old man, and fear thy God: I [am] the LORD.
Job 12:12 With the ancient [is] wisdom; and in length of days understanding.
Psalms 92:14 They shall still bring forth fruit in old age; they shall be fat and flourishing;
Proverbs 16:31 The hoary head [is] a crown of glory, [if] it be found in the way of righteousness.
Isaiah 65:20 There shall be no more thence an infant of days, nor an old man that hath not filled his days: for the child shall die an hundred years old; but the sinner [being] an hundred years old shall be accursed.

or, vigilant,
1 Corinthians 15:34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak [this] to your shame.
1 Thessalonians 5:6 Therefore let us not sleep, as [do] others; but let us watch and be sober.
1 Thessalonians 5:8 But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.
1 Timothy 3:2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach;
1 Timothy 3:11 Even so [must their] wives [be] grave, not slanderers, sober, faithful in all things.
1 Peter 1:13 Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ;
1 Peter 4:7 But the end of all things is at hand: be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer.
1 Peter 5:8 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:


Titus 2:7 In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine [shewing] uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity,
1 Timothy 3:4 One that ruleth well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity;
1 Timothy 3:8 Likewise [must] the deacons [be] grave, not doubletongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre;
1 Timothy 3:11 Even so [must their] wives [be] grave, not slanderers, sober, faithful in all things.
Philippians 4:8 Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things [are] honest, whatsoever things [are] just, whatsoever things [are] pure, whatsoever things [are] lovely, whatsoever things [are] of good report; if [there be] any virtue, and if [there be] any praise, think on these things.


Titus 1:8 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate;
Acts 24:25 And as he reasoned of righteousness, temperance, and judgment to come, Felix trembled, and answered, Go thy way for this time; when I have a convenient season, I will call for thee.
1 Corinthians 9:25 And every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate in all things. Now they [do it] to obtain a corruptible crown; but we an incorruptible.
Galatians 5:23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
2 Peter 1:6 And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness;
Mark 5:15 And they come to Jesus, and see him that was possessed with the devil, and had the legion, sitting, and clothed, and in his right mind: and they were afraid.
Luke 8:35 Then they went out to see what was done; and came to Jesus, and found the man, out of whom the devils were departed, sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed, and in his right mind: and they were afraid.
Romans 12:3 For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every man that is among you, not to think [of himself] more highly than he ought to think; but to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith.
2 Corinthians 5:13 For whether we be beside ourselves, [it is] to God: or whether we be sober, [it is] for your cause.
1 Peter 4:7 But the end of all things is at hand: be ye therefore sober, and watch unto prayer.


Titus 1:13 This witness is true. Wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith;

in patience:

1 Timothy 1:5 Now the end of the commandment is charity out of a pure heart, and [of] a good conscience, and [of] faith unfeigned:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 19:32. Jb 12:12. Ps 92:14. Pv 16:31. Is 65:20. Mk 5:15. Lk 8:35. Ac 24:25. Ro 12:3. 1Co 9:25; 15:34. 2Co 5:13. Ga 5:23. Php 4:8. 1Th 5:6, 8. 1Ti 1:5; 3:2, 4, 8, 11. Tit 1:8, 13; 2:7. 1P 1:13; 4:7; 5:8. 2P 1:6.

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