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Titus 1:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— in hope of eternal life, which God, who cannot lie, promised before times eternal;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— in the hope of eternal life, which God, who cannot lie, promised long ages ago,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— In hope of eternal life, which God, who cannot lie, promised before the world began;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— in [the] hope of eternal life, which God, who cannot lie, promised before the ages of time,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In hope of life age-abiding; which God, who cannot lie, promised before age-during times,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— upon hope of life age-during, which God, who doth not lie, did promise before times of ages,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Unto the hope of life everlasting, which God, who lieth not, hath promised before the times of the world:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— In hope of eternall life, which God that cannot lie, promised before the world began:
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— unto the hope of eternal life, which Aloha the true counselled before the times of the ages,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— concerning the hope of eternal life, which the veracious God promised before the times of the world;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
In 1909
{1909} Prime
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
hope 1680
{1680} Prime
From ἔλπω [[elpo]] which is a primary word (to anticipate, usually with pleasure); expectation (abstract or concrete) or confidence.
of eternal 166
{0166} Prime
From G0165; perpetual (also used of past time, or past and future as well).
life, 2222
{2222} Prime
From G2198; life (literally or figuratively).
which 3739
{3739} Prime
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
that cannot lie, 893
{0893} Prime
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G5579; veracious.
promised 1861
{1861} Prime
From G1909 and the base of G0032; to announce upon (reflexively), that is, (by implication) to engage to do something, to assert something respecting oneself.
<5662> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 352
before 4253
{4253} Prime
A primary preposition; 'fore', that is, in front of, prior (figuratively superior) to. In compounds it retains the same significations.
the world y166
[0166] Standard
From G0165; perpetual (also used of past time, or past and future as well).
began; 5550
{5550} Prime
Of uncertain derivation; a space of time (in genitive case, and thus properly distinguished from G2540, which designates a fixed or special occasion; and from G0165, which denotes a particular period) or interval; by extension an individual opportunity; by implication delay.
(0166) Complement
From G0165; perpetual (also used of past time, or past and future as well).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Titus 1:2

_ _ In hope of eternal life — connected with the whole preceding sentence. That whereon rests my aim as an apostle to promote the elect’s faith and full knowledge of the truth, is, “the hope of eternal life” (Titus 2:13; Titus 3:7; Acts 23:6; Acts 24:15; Acts 28:20).

_ _ that cannot lie — (Romans 3:4; Romans 11:29; Hebrews 6:18).

_ _ promised before the world began — a contracted expression for “purposed before the world began (literally, ‘before the ages of time’), and promised actually in time,” the promise springing from the eternal purpose; as in 2 Timothy 1:9, the gift of grace was the result of the eternal purpose “before the world began.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Titus 1:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Titus 1:2

In hope of eternal life — The grand motive and encouragement of every apostle and every servant of God. Which God promised before the world began — To Christ, our Head.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Titus 1:2

In (c) hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, (d) promised before the (e) world began;

(c) Hope is the end of faith.

(d) Freely and only from his generosity.

(e) See 2 Timothy 1:9

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
or, For


Titus 2:7 In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine [shewing] uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity,
Titus 2:13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;
Titus 3:7 That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
John 5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.
John 6:68 Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.
Romans 2:7 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life:
Romans 5:2 By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
Romans 5:4 And patience, experience; and experience, hope:
Colossians 1:27 To whom God would make known what [is] the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory:
1 Thessalonians 5:8 But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.
2 Timothy 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, according to the promise of life which is in Christ Jesus,
2 Timothy 2:10 Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.
1 Peter 1:3-4 Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, ... To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away, reserved in heaven for you,
1 John 2:25 And this is the promise that he hath promised us, [even] eternal life.
1 John 3:2-3 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is. ... And every man that hath this hope in him purifieth himself, even as he is pure.
Jude 1:21 Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.


Matthew 25:46 And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal.
Mark 10:17 And when he was gone forth into the way, there came one running, and kneeled to him, and asked him, Good Master, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?
Mark 10:30 But he shall receive an hundredfold now in this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the world to come eternal life.
John 3:15-16 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. ... For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
John 6:54 Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.
John 10:28 And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any [man] pluck them out of my hand.
John 17:2 As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.
Romans 5:21 That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin [is] death; but the gift of God [is] eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
1 Timothy 6:12 Fight the good fight of faith, lay hold on eternal life, whereunto thou art also called, and hast professed a good profession before many witnesses.
1 Timothy 6:19 Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation against the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal life.
1 John 5:11-13 And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. ... These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.
1 John 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, [even] in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.


Numbers 23:19 God [is] not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do [it]? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good?
1 Samuel 15:29 And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor repent: for he [is] not a man, that he should repent.
1 Thessalonians 2:15 Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men:
2 Timothy 2:15 Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.
Hebrews 6:17-18 Wherein God, willing more abundantly to shew unto the heirs of promise the immutability of his counsel, confirmed [it] by an oath: ... That by two immutable things, in which [it was] impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us:


2 Timothy 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, according to the promise of life which is in Christ Jesus,
2 Timothy 1:9 Who hath saved us, and called [us] with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began,
Revelation 17:8 The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition: and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.


Proverbs 8:23-31 I was set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. ... Rejoicing in the habitable part of his earth; and my delights [were] with the sons of men.
Matthew 25:34 Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:
John 17:24 Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world.
Acts 15:18 Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world.
Romans 16:25 Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began,
1 Peter 1:20-23 Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you, ... Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.
Revelation 13:8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.
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Nu 23:19. 1S 15:29. Pv 8:23. Mt 25:34, 46. Mk 10:17, 30. Jn 3:15; 5:39; 6:54, 68; 10:28; 17:2, 24. Ac 15:18. Ro 2:7; 5:2, 4, 21; 6:23; 16:25. Col 1:27. 1Th 2:15; 5:8. 1Ti 6:12, 19. 2Ti 1:1, 9; 2:10, 15. Tit 2:7, 13; 3:7. He 6:17. 1P 1:3, 20. 1Jn 2:25; 3:2; 5:11, 20. Jde 1:21. Rv 13:8; 17:8.

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