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Titus 1:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— One of themselves, a prophet of their own, said, Cretans are always liars, evil beasts, idle gluttons.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— One of themselves, [even] a prophet of their own, said, The Cretians [are] alway liars, evil beasts, slow bellies.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— One of themselves, a prophet of their own, said, “Cretans are always liars, evil beasts, lazy gluttons.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— One of themselves, [even] a prophet of their own, said, The Cretians [are] always liars, evil beasts, slow bellies.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— One of themselves, a prophet of their own, has said, Cretans are always liars, evil wild beasts, lazy gluttons.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Said one from among them, a prophet, of their own!—Cretans! always false, mischievous wild-beasts, idle gluttons:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A certain one of them, a prophet of their own, said—'Cretans! always liars, evil beasts, lazy bellies!'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— One of them a prophet of their own, said: The Cretans are always liars, evil beasts, slothful bellies.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— One of themselues, [euen] a Prophet of their owne, said: The Cretians are alway lyers, euill beasts, slow bellies.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— One of them, a prophet of their own, hath said, The sons of Kreta are always liars, evil beasts, and lazy bellies.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— One of them, a prophet of their own, said, The Cretans are always mendacious, evil beasts, idle bellies.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
One 5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
of 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
themselves, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
[even] a prophet 4396
{4396} Prime
προφήτης
prophetes
{prof-ay'-tace}
From a compound of G4253 and G5346; a foreteller ('prophet'); by analogy an inspired speaker; by extension a poet.
of their 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
own, 2398
{2398} Prime
ἴδιος
idios
{id'-ee-os}
Of uncertain affinity; pertaining to self, that is, one's own; by implication private or separate.
said, 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
The Cretians 2912
{2912} Prime
Κρής
Kres
{krace}
From G2914; a Cretan, that is, inhabitant of Crete.
[are] alway 104
{0104} Prime
ἀεί
aei
{ah-eye'}
From an obsolete primary noun (apparently meaning continued duration); 'ever'; by qualification regularly; by implication earnestly.
liars, 5583
{5583} Prime
ψεύστης
pseustes
{psyoos-tace'}
From G5574; a falsifier.
evil 2556
{2556} Prime
κακός
kakos
{kak-os'}
Apparently a primary word; worthless (intrinsically such; whereas G4190 properly refers to effects), that is, (subjectively) depraved, or (objectively) injurious.
beasts, 2342
{2342} Prime
θηρίον
therion
{thay-ree'-on}
Diminutive from the same as G2339; a dangerous animal.
slow 692
{0692} Prime
ἀργός
argos
{ar-gos'}
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G2041; inactive, that is, unemployed; (by implication) lazy, useless.
bellies. 1064
{1064} Prime
γαστήρ
gaster
{gas-tare'}
Of uncertain derivation; the stomach; by analogy the matrix; figuratively a gourmand.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Titus 1:12

_ _ One — Epimenides of Phaestus, or Gnossus, in Crete, about 600. He was sent for to purify Athens from its pollution occasioned by Cylon. He was regarded as a diviner and prophet. The words here are taken probably from his treatise “concerning oracles.” Paul also quotes from two other heathen writers, Aratus (Acts 17:28) and Menander (1 Corinthians 15:33), but he does not honor them so far as even to mention their names.

_ _ of themselves ... their own — which enhances his authority as a witness. “To Cretanize” was proverbial for to lie: as “to Corinthianize” was for to be dissolute.

_ _ alway liars — not merely at times, as every natural man is. Contrast Titus 1:2, “God that cannot lie.” They love “fables” (Titus 1:14); even the heathen poets laughed at their lying assertion that they had in their country the sepulchre of Jupiter.

_ _ evil beasts — rude, savage, cunning, greedy. Crete was a country without wild beasts. Epimenides’ sarcasm was that its human inhabitants supplied the place of wild beasts.

_ _ slow bellies — indolent through pampering their bellies. They themselves are called “bellies,” for that is the member for which they live (Romans 16:18; Philippians 3:19).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Titus 1:6-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Titus 1:12

A prophet — So all poets were anciently called; but, besides, Diogenes Laertius says that Epimenides, the Cretan poet, foretold many things. Evil wild beasts — Fierce and savage.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Titus 1:12

(m) One of themselves, [even] a prophet of their own, said, The Cretians [are] alway liars, evil beasts, slow bellies.

(m) Epimenides, who was considered a prophet amongst them. See Laertius, and Cicero in his first book of divination.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
of:

Acts 17:28 For in him we live, and move, and have our being; as certain also of your own poets have said, For we are also his offspring.

liars:

Romans 16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.
1 Timothy 4:2 Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron;
2 Peter 2:12 But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption;
2 Peter 2:15 Which have forsaken the right way, and are gone astray, following the way of Balaam [the son] of Bosor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness;
Jude 1:8-13 Likewise also these [filthy] dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion, and speak evil of dignities. ... Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.
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Ac 17:28. Ro 16:18. 1Ti 4:2. 2P 2:12, 15. Jde 1:8.

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