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Song of Songs 8:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Set me as a seal upon thy heart, As a seal upon thine arm: For love is strong as death; Jealousy is cruel as Sheol; The flashes thereof are flashes of fire, A very flame of Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Set me as a seal upon thine heart, as a seal upon thine arm: for love [is] strong as death; jealousy [is] cruel as the grave: the coals thereof [are] coals of fire, [which hath a] most vehement flame.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Put me like a seal over your heart, Like a seal on your arm. For love is as strong as death, Jealousy is as severe as Sheol; Its flashes are flashes of fire, The [very] flame of the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Set me as a seal upon thy heart, as a seal upon thy arm: for love [is] strong as death; jealousy [is] cruel as the grave: the coals of it [are] coals of fire, [which hath] a most vehement flame.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Set me as a seal upon thy heart, As a seal upon thine arm: For love is strong as death; Jealousy is cruel as Sheol: The flashes thereof are flashes of fire, Flames of Jah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [SHE] Set me as a seal, upon thy heart, as a seal upon thine arm, For, mighty as death, is love, Exacting as hades, is jealousy,—The flames thereof, are flames of fire, The flash of Yah!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Set me as a seal on thy heart, as a seal on thine arm, For strong as death is love, Sharp as Sheol is jealousy, Its burnings [are] burnings of fire, a flame of Jah!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Put me as a seal upon thy heart, as a seal upon thy arm, for love is strong as death, jealousy as hard as hell, the lamps thereof are fire and flames.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Set mee as a seale vpon thine heart, as a seale vpon thine arme: for loue [is] strong as death, iealousie [is] cruel as the graue: the coales thereof [are] coales of fire, [which hath] a most vehement flame.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Set me as a seal upon thy heart, as a seal upon thine arm; for love is strong as death; jealousy is cruel as the grave, her shafts are shafts of fire, [even] the flames thereof.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Set me as a seal upon thine heart, as a seal upon thine arm: for love [is] strong as death; jealousy [is] cruel as the grave: the coals thereof [are] coals of fire, [which hath a] most vehement flame.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Set 7760
{7760} Prime
שׂוּם
suwm
{soom}
A primitive root; to put (used in a great variety of applications, literally, figuratively, inferentially and elliptically).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
me as a seal 2368
{2368} Prime
חוֹתָם
chowtham
{kho-thawm'}
From H2856; a signature ring.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
thine heart, 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
as a seal 2368
{2368} Prime
חוֹתָם
chowtham
{kho-thawm'}
From H2856; a signature ring.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
thine arm: 2220
{2220} Prime
זְרוֹעַ
z@rowa`
{zer-o'-ah}
From H2232; the arm (as stretched out), or (of animals) the foreleg; figuratively force.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
love 160
{0160} Prime
אַהֲבָה
'ahabah
{a-hab-aw'}
Feminine of H0158 and meaning the same.
[is] strong 5794
{5794} Prime
עַז
`az
{az}
From H5810; strong, vehement, harsh.
as death; 4194
{4194} Prime
מָוֶת
maveth
{maw'-veth}
From H4191; death (natural or violent); concretely the dead, their place or state (hades); figuratively pestilence, ruin.
jealousy 7068
{7068} Prime
קִנְאָה
qin'ah
{kin-aw'}
From H7065; jealousy or envy.
[is] cruel 7186
{7186} Prime
קָשֶׁה
qasheh
{kaw-sheh'}
From H7185; severe (in various applications).
as the grave: 7585
{7585} Prime
שְׁאוֹל
sh@'owl
{sheh-ole'}
From H7592; hades or the world of the dead (as if a subterranian retreat), including its accessories and inmates.
the coals 7565
{7565} Prime
רֶשֶׁף
resheph
{reh'-shef}
From H8313; a live coal; by analogy lightning; figuratively an arrow (as flashing through the air); specifically fever.
thereof [are] coals 7565
{7565} Prime
רֶשֶׁף
resheph
{reh'-shef}
From H8313; a live coal; by analogy lightning; figuratively an arrow (as flashing through the air); specifically fever.
of fire, 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
[which hath a] most vehement flame. 7957
{7957} Prime
שַׁלְהֶבֶת
shalhebeth
{shal-heh'-beth}
From the same as H3851 with sibilant prefixed; a flare of fire.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 8:6

_ _ Implying approaching absence of the Bridegroom.

_ _ seal — having her name and likeness engraven on it. His Holy Priesthood also in heaven (Exodus 28:6-12, Exodus 28:15-30; Hebrews 4:14); “his heart” there answering to “thine heart” here, and “two shoulders” to “arm.” (Compare Jeremiah 22:24, with Haggai 2:23). But the Holy Ghost (Ephesians 1:13, Ephesians 1:14). As in Song of Songs 8:5, she was “leaning” on Him, that is, her arm on His arm, her head on His bosom; so she prays now that before they part, her impression may be engraven both on His heart and His arm, answering to His love and His power (Psalms 77:15; see Genesis 38:18; Isaiah 62:3).

_ _ love is strong as death — (Acts 21:13; Romans 8:35-39; Revelation 12:11). This their love unto death flows from His (John 10:15; John 15:13).

_ _ jealousy ... the graveZealous love, jealous of all that would come between the soul and Jesus Christ (1 Kings 19:10; Psalms 106:30, Psalms 106:31; Luke 9:60; Luke 14:26; 1 Corinthians 16:22).

_ _ cruel — rather, “unyielding” hard, as the grave will not let go those whom it once holds (John 10:28).

_ _ a most vehement flame — literally, “the fire-flame of Jehovah” (Psalms 80:16; Isaiah 6:6). Nowhere else is God’s name found in the Song. The zeal that burnt in Jesus Christ (Psalms 69:9; Luke 12:49, Luke 12:50) kindled in His followers (Acts 2:3; Romans 15:30; Philippians 2:17).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 8:5-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 8:6

Set me — These are undoubtedly the words of the bride. Let thy heart be constantly set upon me. He seems to allude to the engraven tablets which are frequently worn upon the breast, and to the signet on a man's arm or hand, which they prized at a more than ordinary rate, and which are continually in their sight. For love — My love to thee. Jealousy — Or, zeal; my ardent love to thee. Cruel — Heb. hard, grievous and terrible, and sometimes ready to overwhelm me; therefore have pity upon me, and do not leave me. Fire — It burns and melts my heart like fire.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Song of Songs 8:6

(d) Set me as a seal upon thy heart, as a seal upon thy arm: for love [is] strong as death; jealousy [is] cruel as the grave: the coals of it [are] coals of fire, [which hath a] most vehement flame.

(d) The spouse desires Christ to be joined in perpetual love with him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
as a seal:

Exodus 28:9-12 And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel: ... And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod [for] stones of memorial unto the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.
Exodus 28:21 And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, [like] the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.
Exodus 28:29-30 And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goeth in unto the holy [place], for a memorial before the LORD continually. ... And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goeth in before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually.
Isaiah 49:16 Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of [my] hands; thy walls [are] continually before me.
Jeremiah 22:24 [As] I live, saith the LORD, though Coniah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah were the signet upon my right hand, yet would I pluck thee thence;
Haggai 2:23 In that day, saith the LORD of hosts, will I take thee, O Zerubbabel, my servant, the son of Shealtiel, saith the LORD, and will make thee as a signet: for I have chosen thee, saith the LORD of hosts.
Zechariah 3:9 For behold the stone that I have laid before Joshua; upon one stone [shall be] seven eyes: behold, I will engrave the graving thereof, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day.
2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity.

love:

Song of Songs 5:8 I charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem, if ye find my beloved, that ye tell him, that I [am] sick of love.
Psalms 42:1-2 [[To the chief Musician, Maschil, for the sons of Korah.]] As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God. ... My soul thirsteth for God, for the living God: when shall I come and appear before God?
Psalms 63:1 [[A Psalm of David, when he was in the wilderness of Judah.]] O God, thou [art] my God; early will I seek thee: my soul thirsteth for thee, my flesh longeth for thee in a dry and thirsty land, where no water is;
Psalms 84:2 My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth for the courts of the LORD: my heart and my flesh crieth out for the living God.
John 21:15-19 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, [son] of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs. ... This spake he, signifying by what death he should glorify God. And when he had spoken this, he saith unto him, Follow me.
Acts 20:24 But none of these things move me, neither count I my life dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course with joy, and the ministry, which I have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God.
Acts 21:13 Then Paul answered, What mean ye to weep and to break mine heart? for I am ready not to be bound only, but also to die at Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus.
2 Corinthians 5:14-15 For the love of Christ constraineth us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead: ... And [that] he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose again.
Philippians 1:20-23 According to my earnest expectation and [my] hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but [that] with all boldness, as always, [so] now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether [it be] by life, or by death. ... For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better:
Revelation 12:11 And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lives unto the death.

jealousy:

Numbers 5:14 And the spirit of jealousy come upon him, and he be jealous of his wife, and she be defiled: or if the spirit of jealousy come upon him, and he be jealous of his wife, and she be not defiled:
Numbers 25:11 Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, hath turned my wrath away from the children of Israel, while he was zealous for my sake among them, that I consumed not the children of Israel in my jealousy.
Deuteronomy 32:21 They have moved me to jealousy with [that which is] not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities: and I will move them to jealousy with [those which are] not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.
Proverbs 6:34 For jealousy [is] the rage of a man: therefore he will not spare in the day of vengeance.
2 Corinthians 11:2 For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present [you as] a chaste virgin to Christ.

cruel:
Heb. hard

the coals:

Psalms 120:4 Sharp arrows of the mighty, with coals of juniper.
Proverbs 25:22 For thou shalt heap coals of fire upon his head, and the LORD shall reward thee.
Romans 12:20 Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 28:9, 21, 29. Nu 5:14; 25:11. Dt 32:21. Ps 42:1; 63:1; 84:2; 120:4. Pv 6:34; 25:22. So 5:8. Is 49:16. Jr 22:24. Hg 2:23. Zc 3:9. Jn 21:15. Ac 20:24; 21:13. Ro 12:20. 2Co 5:14; 11:2. Php 1:20. 2Ti 2:19. Rv 12:11.

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