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Song of Songs 8:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— My vineyard, which is mine, is before me: Thou, O Solomon, shalt have the thousand, And those that keep the fruit thereof two hundred.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— My vineyard, which [is] mine, [is] before me: thou, O Solomon, [must have] a thousand, and those that keep the fruit thereof two hundred.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “My very own vineyard is at my disposal; The thousand [shekels] are for you, Solomon, And two hundred are for those who take care of its fruit.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— My vineyard which [is] mine, [is] before me: thou, O Solomon, [must have] a thousand, and those that keep the fruit of it two hundred.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— My vineyard, which is mine, is before me: The thousand [silver-pieces] be to thee, Solomon; And to the keepers of its fruit, two hundred.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Mine own vineyard, is before me,—The thousand belong to thee, O Solomon, and two hundred to the keepers of the fruit thereof.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— My vineyard—my own—is before me, The thousand [is] for thee, O Solomon. And the two hundred for those keeping its fruit. O dweller in gardens!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— My vineyard is before me. A thousand are for thee, the peaceable, and two hundred for them that keep the fruit thereof.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— My vineyard which [is] mine, [is] before me: thou (O Solomon) [must haue] a thousand, and those that keepe the fruit thereof, two hundred.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— My vineyard, even mine, is before me; Solomon [shall have] a thousand, and they that keep its fruit two hundred.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— My vineyard, which [is] mine, [is] before me: thou, O Shelomoh, [must have] a thousand, and those that keep the fruit thereof two hundred.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
My vineyard, 3754
{3754} Prime
כֶּרֶם
kerem
{keh'-rem}
From an unused root of uncertain meaning; a garden or vineyard.
which [is] mine, x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
[is] before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
me: thou, O lm שְׁלֹמֹה, 8010
{8010} Prime
שְׁלֹמֹה
Sh@lomoh
{shel-o-mo'}
From H7965; peaceful; Shelomoh, David's successor.
[must have] a thousand, 505
{0505} Prime
אֶלֶף
'eleph
{eh'-lef}
Properly the same as H0504; hence (an ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand.
and those that keep 5201
{5201} Prime
נָטַר
natar
{naw-tar'}
A primitive root; to guard; figuratively, to cherish (anger).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the fruit 6529
{6529} Prime
פְּרִי
p@riy
{per-ee'}
From H6509; fruit (literally or figuratively).
thereof two hundred. 3967
{3967} Prime
מֵאָה
me'ah
{may-aw'}
Probably a primitive numeral; a hundred; also as a multiplicative and a fraction.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 8:12

_ _ “mine” by grant of the true Solomon. Not merely “let out to keepers,” as in the Jewish dispensation of works, but “mine” by grace. This is “before me,” that is, in my power [Maurer]. But though no longer under constraint of “keeping” the law as a mere letter and covenant of works, love to Jesus Christ will constrain her the more freely to render all to Solomon (Romans 8:2-4; 1 Corinthians 6:20; Galatians 5:13; 1 Peter 2:16), after having paid what justice and His will require should be paid to others (1 Corinthians 7:29-31; 1 Corinthians 9:14). “Before me” may also mean “I will never lose sight of it” (contrast Song of Songs 1:6) [Moody Stuart]. She will not keep it for herself, though so freely given to her, but for His use and glory (Luke 19:13; Romans 6:15; Romans 14:7-9; 1 Corinthians 12:7). Or the “two hundred” may mean a double tithe (two-tenths of the whole paid back by Jesus Christ) as the reward of grace for our surrender of all (the thousand) to Him (Galatians 6:7; Hebrews 6:10); then she and “those that keep” are the same [Adelaide Newton]. But Jesus Christ pays back not merely two tithes, but His all for our all (1 Corinthians 3:21-23).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 8:8-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 8:12

My vineyard — My church, which is here opposed to Solomon's vineyard. Possibly we may ascribe the first clause to Christ, and the latter to the spouse: such interlocutions being familiar in this book. Mine — This repetition is very emphatical, to shew that Christ had a more eminent title to his vineyard, the church, than Solomon had to his vineyard, because it was purchased not by his money, but by his blood. Before me — Is under my own eye and care. Thou — These words are the church's return to Christ, who is here called Solomon, as he was Song of Songs 3:9, Song of Songs 3:11, as elsewhere he is called David. Dost thou, O Christ, keep thine own vineyard, which Solomon did not? Then surely it is meet that thou shouldst receive as large a revenue from thy vineyard, as he did from his. Two hundred — Though the chief revenue is justly given to thee, yet thy ministers, who serve thee in thy vineyard, are allowed by thee to receive some encouragement for their service.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
vineyard:

Song of Songs 1:6 Look not upon me, because I [am] black, because the sun hath looked upon me: my mother's children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; [but] mine own vineyard have I not kept.
Proverbs 4:23 Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it [are] the issues of life.
Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.
1 Timothy 4:15-16 Meditate upon these things; give thyself wholly to them; that thy profiting may appear to all. ... Take heed unto thyself, and unto the doctrine; continue in them: for in doing this thou shalt both save thyself, and them that hear thee.

thou:

Psalms 72:17-19 His name shall endure for ever: his name shall be continued as long as the sun: and [men] shall be blessed in him: all nations shall call him blessed. ... And blessed [be] his glorious name for ever: and let the whole earth be filled [with] his glory; Amen, and Amen.
Romans 14:7-9 For none of us liveth to himself, and no man dieth to himself. ... For to this end Christ both died, and rose, and revived, that he might be Lord both of the dead and living.
1 Corinthians 6:20 For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.
2 Corinthians 5:15 And [that] he died for all, that they which live should not henceforth live unto themselves, but unto him which died for them, and rose again.

those:

1 Thessalonians 2:19 For what [is] our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? [Are] not even ye in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming?
1 Timothy 5:17-18 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine. ... For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer [is] worthy of his reward.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 72:17. Pv 4:23. So 1:6. Ac 20:28. Ro 14:7. 1Co 6:20. 2Co 5:15. 1Th 2:19. 1Ti 4:15; 5:17.

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