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Song of Songs 7:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thy neck is like the tower of ivory; Thine eyes [as] the pools in Heshbon, By the gate of Bath-rabbim; Thy nose is like the tower of Lebanon Which looketh toward Damascus.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thy neck [is] as a tower of ivory; thine eyes [like] the fishpools in Heshbon, by the gate of Bathrabbim: thy nose [is] as the tower of Lebanon which looketh toward Damascus.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Your neck is like a tower of ivory, Your eyes [like] the pools in Heshbon By the gate of Bath-rabbim; Your nose is like the tower of Lebanon, Which faces toward Damascus.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thy neck [is] as a tower of ivory; thy eyes [like] the fish-pools in Heshbon, by the gate of Bath-rabbim: thy nose [is] as the tower of Lebanon which looketh towards Damascus.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thy neck is as a tower of ivory; Thine eyes, [like] the pools in Heshbon, By the gate of Bath-rabbim; Thy nose like the tower of Lebanon, Which looketh toward Damascus;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thy neck, is like a tower of ivory,—Thine eyes, are pools in Heshbon, by the gate of Bath-rabbim, Thy nose, is like the tower of Lebanon, which looketh towards Damascus:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thy neck as a tower of the ivory, Thine eyes pools in Heshbon, near the gate of Bath-Rabbim, Thy face as a tower of Lebanon looking to Damascus,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thy neck as a tower of ivory. Thy eyes like the fishpools in Hesebon, which are in the gate of the daughter of the multitude. Thy nose is as the tower of Libanus, that looketh toward Damascus.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thy necke [is] as a towre of yuory: thine eyes [like] the fish pooles in Heshbon, by the gate of Bathrabbim: thy nose [is] as the towre of Lebanon, which looketh toward Damascus.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thy neck is as an ivory tower; thine eyes are as pools in Heshbon{gr.Esebon}, by the gates of the daughter of many: thy nose is as the tower of Lebanon{gr.Libanus}, looking toward Damascus.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thy neck [is] as a tower of ivory; thine eyes [like] the fishpools in Cheshbon, by the gate of Bath Rabbim: thy nose [is] as the tower of Levanon which looketh toward Dammaseq.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thy neck 6677
{6677} Prime
צַוָּאר
tsavva'r
{tsav-vawr'}
Intensive from H6696 in the sense of binding; the back of the neck (as that on which burdens are bound).
[is] as a tower 4026
{4026} Prime
מִגְדָּל
migdal
{mig-dawl'}
From H1431; a tower (from its size or height); by analogy a rostrum; figuratively a (pyramidal) bed of flowers.
of ivory; 8127
{8127} Prime
שֵׁן
shen
{shane}
From H8150; a tooth (as sharp); specifically (for H8143) ivory; figuratively a cliff.
thine eyes 5869
{5869} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
[like] the fishpools 1295
{1295} Prime
בְּרֵכָה
b@rekah
{ber-ay-kaw'}
From H1288; a reservoir (at which camels kneel as a resting place).
in ebn חֶשׁבּוֹן, 2809
{2809} Prime
חֶשְׁבּוֹן
Cheshbown
{khesh-bone'}
The same as H2808; Cheshbon, a place East of the Jordan.
by x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the gate 8179
{8179} Prime
שַׁעַר
sha`ar
{shah'-ar}
From H8176 in its original sense; an opening, that is, door or gate.
of Ba Rabbm בַּת־רַבִּים: 1337
{1337} Prime
בַּת־רַבִּים
Bath Rabbiym
{bath rab-beem'}
From H1323 and a masculine plural from H7227; the daughter (that is, city) of Rabbah.
thy nose 639
{0639} Prime
אַף
'aph
{af}
From H0599; properly the nose or nostril; hence the face, and occasionally a person; also (from the rapid breathing in passion) ire.
[is] as the tower 4026
{4026} Prime
מִגְדָּל
migdal
{mig-dawl'}
From H1431; a tower (from its size or height); by analogy a rostrum; figuratively a (pyramidal) bed of flowers.
of Lvnn לְבָנוֹן 3844
{3844} Prime
לְבָנוֹן
L@banown
{leb-aw-nohn'}
From H3825; (the) white mountain (from its snow); Lebanon, a mountain range in Palestine.
which looketh 6822
{6822} Prime
צָפָה
tsaphah
{tsaw-faw'}
A primitive root; properly to lean forward, that is, to peer into the distance; by implication to observe, await.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
toward 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
Damm$ek דַּמָּשֶׂק. 1834
{1834} Prime
דַּמֶּשֶׂק
Dammeseq
{dam-meh'-sek}
Of foreign origin; Damascus, a city of Syria.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 7:4

_ _ tower of ivory — In Song of Songs 4:4, Jesus Christ saith, “a tower of David builded for an armory.” Strength and conquest are the main thought in His description; here, beauty and polished whiteness; contrast Song of Songs 1:5.

_ _ fishpools — seen by Burckhardt, clear (Revelation 22:1), deep, quiet, and full (1 Corinthians 2:10, 1 Corinthians 2:15).

_ _ Heshbon — east of Jordan, residence of the Amorite king, Sihon (Numbers 21:25, etc.), afterwards held by Gad.

_ _ Bath-rabbim — “daughter of a multitude”; a crowded thoroughfare. Her eyes (Song of Songs 4:1) are called by Jesus Christ, “doves’ eyes,” waiting on Him. But here, looked on by the daughters or Jerusalem, they are compared to a placid lake. She is calm even amidst the crowd (Proverbs 8:2; John 16:33).

_ _ nose — or, face.

_ _ tower of Lebanon — a border-fortress, watching the hostile Damascus. Towards Jesus Christ her face was full of holy shame (see on Song of Songs 4:1; see on Song of Songs 4:3); towards spiritual foes, like a watchtower (Habakkuk 2:1; Mark 13:37; Acts 4:13), elevated, so that she looks not up from earth to heaven, but down from heaven to earth. If we retain “nose,” discernment of spiritual fragrance is meant.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 7:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 7:4

Like fishpools — Full, and clear, and quiet, and pleasant. Heshbon — A pleasant and well watered city, beyond Jordan. The tower — Which was in all probability built by Solomon in the mountain of Lebanon, the northern border of the land of Israel towards Damascus; and therefore a very fit place for a watch — tower. Which looketh — There was another tower or building in or near Jerusalem, which was called the house of the forest of Lebanon, 1 Kings 7:2.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
neck:

Song of Songs 1:10 Thy cheeks are comely with rows [of jewels], thy neck with chains [of gold].
Song of Songs 4:4 Thy neck [is] like the tower of David builded for an armoury, whereon there hang a thousand bucklers, all shields of mighty men.

ivory:

Song of Songs 5:14 His hands [are as] gold rings set with the beryl: his belly [is as] bright ivory overlaid [with] sapphires.
1 Kings 10:18 Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with the best gold.
1 Kings 10:22 For the king had at sea a navy of Tharshish with the navy of Hiram: once in three years came the navy of Tharshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.
1 Kings 22:39 Now the rest of the acts of Ahab, and all that he did, and the ivory house which he made, and all the cities that he built, [are] they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
Psalms 45:8 All thy garments [smell] of myrrh, and aloes, [and] cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.
Psalms 144:12 That our sons [may be] as plants grown up in their youth; [that] our daughters [may be] as corner stones, polished [after] the similitude of a palace:

thine eyes:
That is, "Thine eyes are dark, deep, clear, and serene, as the fish-pools in Heshbon. "
Song of Songs 4:1 Behold, thou [art] fair, my love; behold, thou [art] fair; thou [hast] doves' eyes within thy locks: thy hair [is] as a flock of goats, that appear from mount Gilead.
Song of Songs 4:9 Thou hast ravished my heart, my sister, [my] spouse; thou hast ravished my heart with one of thine eyes, with one chain of thy neck.
Song of Songs 6:5 Turn away thine eyes from me, for they have overcome me: thy hair [is] as a flock of goats that appear from Gilead.
Ephesians 1:17-18 That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: ... The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints,
Ephesians 3:18-19 May be able to comprehend with all saints what [is] the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; ... And to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God.

Heshbon:

Numbers 21:25 And Israel took all these cities: and Israel dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all the villages thereof.
Isaiah 54:4 Fear not; for thou shalt not be ashamed: neither be thou confounded; for thou shalt not be put to shame: for thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth, and shalt not remember the reproach of thy widowhood any more.

thy nose:
That is, "Thy nose is as finely formed as the tower of Lebanon."
Philippians 1:9-10 And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and [in] all judgment; ... That ye may approve things that are excellent; that ye may be sincere and without offence till the day of Christ;
Hebrews 5:14 But strong meat belongeth to them that are of full age, [even] those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

the tower:

Song of Songs 4:8 Come with me from Lebanon, [my] spouse, with me from Lebanon: look from the top of Amana, from the top of Shenir and Hermon, from the lions' dens, from the mountains of the leopards.
Song of Songs 5:15 His legs [are as] pillars of marble, set upon sockets of fine gold: his countenance [is] as Lebanon, excellent as the cedars.
1 Kings 7:2 He built also the house of the forest of Lebanon; the length thereof [was] an hundred cubits, and the breadth thereof fifty cubits, and the height thereof thirty cubits, upon four rows of cedar pillars, with cedar beams upon the pillars.
1 Kings 9:19 And all the cities of store that Solomon had, and cities for his chariots, and cities for his horsemen, and that which Solomon desired to build in Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and in all the land of his dominion.
2 Chronicles 8:6 And Baalath, and all the store cities that Solomon had, and all the chariot cities, and the cities of the horsemen, and all that Solomon desired to build in Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and throughout all the land of his dominion.

Damascus:

Genesis 15:2 And Abram said, Lord GOD, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house [is] this Eliezer of Damascus?
2 Samuel 8:6 Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus: and the Syrians became servants to David, [and] brought gifts. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 15:2. Nu 21:25. 2S 8:6. 1K 7:2; 9:19; 10:18, 22; 22:39. 2Ch 8:6. Ps 45:8; 144:12. So 1:10; 4:1, 4, 8, 9; 5:14, 15; 6:5. Is 54:4. Ep 1:17; 3:18. Php 1:9. He 5:14.

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