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Song of Songs 7:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The mandrakes give forth fragrance; And at our doors are all manner of precious fruits, new and old, Which I have laid up for thee, O my beloved.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The mandrakes give a smell, and at our gates [are] all manner of pleasant [fruits], new and old, [which] I have laid up for thee, O my beloved.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The mandrakes have given forth fragrance; And over our doors are all choice [fruits], Both new and old, Which I have saved up for you, my beloved.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The mandrakes give a smell, and at our gates [are] all manner of pleasant [fruits], new and old, [which] I have laid up for thee, O my beloved.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The mandrakes yield fragrance; And at our gates are all choice fruits, new and old: I have laid them up for thee, my beloved.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The love-apples, have given fragrance, and, at our openings, are all precious things, new and yet old,—O my beloved! I have treasured them up for thee.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The mandrakes have given fragrance, And at our openings all pleasant things, New, yea, old, my beloved, I laid up for thee!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The mandrakes give a smell. In our gates are all fruits: the new and the old, my beloved, I have kept for thee.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The mandrakes giue a smell, and at our gates [are] all maner of pleasant [fruits], new and olde, [which] I haue laid vp for thee, O my beloued.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The mandrakes have given a smell, and at our doors [are] all kinds of choice fruits, new and old. O my kinsman, I have kept [them] for thee.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The mandrakes give a smell, and at our gates [are] all manner of pleasant [fruits], new and old, [which] I have laid up for thee, O my beloved.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The mandrakes 1736
{1736} Prime
From H1731; a boiler or basket; also the mandrake (as aphrodisiac).
give 5414
{5414} Prime
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
a smell, 7381
{7381} Prime
From H7306; odor (as if blown).
and at x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
our gates 6607
{6607} Prime
From H6605; an opening (literally), that is, door (gate) or entrance way.
[are] all manner x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
of pleasant 4022
{4022} Prime
From an unused root properly meaning to be eminent; properly a distinguished thing; hence something valuable, as a product or fruit.
[fruits], new 2319
{2319} Prime
From H2318; new.
and x1571
(1571) Complement
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
old, 3465
{3465} Prime
From H3462; old.
[which] I have laid up 6845
{6845} Prime
A primitive root; to hide (by covering over); by implication to hoard or reserve; figuratively to deny; specifically (favorably) to protect, (unfavorably) to lurk.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
for thee, O my beloved. 1730
{1730} Prime
From an unused root meaning properly to boil, that is, (figuratively) to love; by implication a love token, lover, friend; specifically an uncle.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 7:13

_ _ mandrakesHebrew, dudaim, from a root meaning “to love”; love apples, supposed to exhilarate the spirits and excite love. Only here and Genesis 30:14-16. Atropa mandragora of Linnaeus; its leaves like lettuce, but dark green, flowers purple, root forked, fruit of the size of an apple, ruddy and sweet-smelling, gathered in wheat harvest, that is, in May (Mariti, ii. 195).

_ _ gates — the entrance to the kiosk or summer house. Love “lays up” the best of everything for the person beloved (1 Corinthians 10:31; Philippians 3:8; 1 Peter 4:11), thereby really, though unconsciously, laying up for itself (1 Timothy 6:18, 1 Timothy 6:19).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 7:10-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 7:13

Mandrakes — This Hebrew word is used Genesis 30:14-15, and the signification of it is very much doubted and disputed by interpreters. The word here signifies sweet and pleasant flowers, and therefore if it be understood of mandrakes, they were of another sort than ours, as flowers of the same kind in several climates have very different natures and qualities. At our gates — Brought thither by divers persons to congratulate our nuptials. All fruits — Fruits of this year and of the former. Which seems to be meant of the various fruits and operations of the Spirit, and degrees of grace in several believers.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Genesis 30:14 And Reuben went in the days of wheat harvest, and found mandrakes in the field, and brought them unto his mother Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, Give me, I pray thee, of thy son's mandrakes.

at our:

Song of Songs 4:16 Awake, O north wind; and come, thou south; blow upon my garden, [that] the spices thereof may flow out. Let my beloved come into his garden, and eat his pleasant fruits.
Song of Songs 5:1 I am come into my garden, my sister, [my] spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk: eat, O friends; drink, yea, drink abundantly, O beloved.
John 15:8 Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disciples.
Galatians 5:22-23 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, ... Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.
Ephesians 5:9 (For the fruit of the Spirit [is] in all goodness and righteousness and truth;)
Philippians 1:11 Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God.


Matthew 13:52 Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe [which is] instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man [that is] an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure [things] new and old.

I have:

Isaiah 23:18 And her merchandise and her hire shall be holiness to the LORD: it shall not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise shall be for them that dwell before the LORD, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing.
Isaiah 60:6-7 The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense; and they shall shew forth the praises of the LORD. ... All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee: they shall come up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my glory.
Matthew 25:40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me.
Romans 15:25-27 But now I go unto Jerusalem to minister unto the saints. ... It hath pleased them verily; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to minister unto them in carnal things.
1 Corinthians 2:9 But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him.
1 Corinthians 16:2 Upon the first [day] of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as [God] hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come.
1 Corinthians 8:8-9 But meat commendeth us not to God: for neither, if we eat, are we the better; neither, if we eat not, are we the worse. ... But take heed lest by any means this liberty of yours become a stumblingblock to them that are weak.
Colossians 3:17 And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, [do] all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him.
1 Peter 4:11 If any man speak, [let him speak] as the oracles of God; if any man minister, [let him do it] as of the ability which God giveth: that God in all things may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom be praise and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 30:14. So 4:16; 5:1. Is 23:18; 60:6. Mt 13:52; 25:40. Jn 15:8. Ro 15:25. 1Co 2:9; 8:8; 16:2. Ga 5:22. Ep 5:9. Php 1:11. Col 3:17. 1P 4:11.

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