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Song of Songs 6:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Return, return, O Shulammite; Return, return, that we may look upon thee. Why will ye look upon the Shulammite, As upon the dance of Mahanaim?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Return, return, O Shulamite; return, return, that we may look upon thee. What will ye see in the Shulamite? As it were the company of two armies.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Come back, come back, O Shulammite; Come back, come back, that we may gaze at you!” “Why should you gaze at the Shulammite, As at the dance of the two companies?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Return, return, O Shulamite; return, return, that we may look upon thee. What will ye see in the Shulamite? As it were the company of two armies.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Return, return, O Shulamite; Return, return, that we may look upon thee.—What would ye look upon in the Shulamite?—As it were the dance of two camps.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [THEY] Return, return, O Shulamite, Return, return, that we may look on thee! [SHE] What would ye look on in the Shulamite? [THEY] As it were the dance of a double camp . . .
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Return, return, O Shulammith! Return, return, and we look upon thee. What do ye see in Shulammith?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Return, return, O Sulamitess: return, return that we may behold thee.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Returne, returne, O Shulamite; returne, returne, that we may looke vpon thee: what will yee see in the Shulamite? as it were the company of two armies.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Return, return, O Sunamite; return, return, and we will look at thee. What will ye see in the Sunamite? She comes as bands of armies.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Return, return, O Shulammith; return, return, that we may look upon thee. What will ye see in the Shulammith? As it were the company of two armies.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Return, 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
return, 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
O lamm שׁוּלַמִּית; 7759
{7759} Prime
שׁוּלַמִּית
Shuwlammiyth
{shoo-lam-meeth'}
From H7999; peaceful (with the article always prefixed, making it a pet name); the Shulammith, an epithet of Solomon's queen.
return, 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
return, 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
that we may look 2372
{2372} Prime
חָזָה
chazah
{khaw-zaw'}
A primitive root; to gaze at; mentally to perceive, contemplate (with pleasure); specifically to have a vision of.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
upon thee. What x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
will ye see 2372
{2372} Prime
חָזָה
chazah
{khaw-zaw'}
A primitive root; to gaze at; mentally to perceive, contemplate (with pleasure); specifically to have a vision of.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in the lamm שׁוּלַמִּית? 7759
{7759} Prime
שׁוּלַמִּית
Shuwlammiyth
{shoo-lam-meeth'}
From H7999; peaceful (with the article always prefixed, making it a pet name); the Shulammith, an epithet of Solomon's queen.
As it were the company 4246
{4246} Prime
מְחֹלָה
m@chowlah
{mek-o-law'}
Feminine of H4234; a dance.
of two armies. 4264
{4264} Prime
מַחֲנֶה
machaneh
{makh-an-eh'}
From H2583; an encampment (of travellers or troops); hence an army, whether literally (of soldiers) or figuratively (of dancers, angels, cattle, locusts, stars; or even the sacred courts).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 6:13

_ _ Entreaty of the daughters of Jerusalem to her, in her chariot-like flight from them (compare 2 Kings 2:12; 2 Samuel 19:14).

_ _ Shulamite — new name applied to her now for the first time. Feminine of Solomon, Prince of Peace; His bride, daughter of peace, accepting and proclaiming it (Isaiah 52:7; John 14:27; Romans 5:1; Ephesians 2:17). Historically, this name answers to the time when, not without a divine design in it, the young Church met in Solomon’s porch (Acts 3:11; Acts 5:12). The entreaty, “Return, O Shulamite,” answers to the people’s desire to keep Peter and John, after the lame man was healed, when they were about to enter the temple. Their reply attributing the glory not to themselves, but to Jesus Christ, answers to the bride’s reply here, “What will ye see” in me? “As it were,” etc. She accepts the name Shulamite, as truly describing her. But adds, that though “one” (Song of Songs 6:9), she is nevertheless “two.” Her glories are her Lord’s, beaming through her (Ephesians 5:31, Ephesians 5:32). The two armies are the family of Jesus Christ in heaven, and that on earth, joined and one with Him; the one militant, the other triumphant. Or Jesus Christ and His ministering angels are one army, the Church the other, both being one (John 17:21, John 17:22). Allusion is made to Mahanaim (meaning two hosts), the scene of Jacob’s victorious conflict by prayer (Genesis 32:2, Genesis 32:9, Genesis 32:22-30). Though she is peace, yet she has warfare here, between flesh and spirit within and foes without; her strength, as Jacob’s at Mahanaim, is Jesus Christ and His host enlisted on her side by prayer; whence she obtains those graces which raise the admiration of the daughters of Jerusalem.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 6:11-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 6:13

Return — Christ recalls his spouse, who as when Christ was gone, she pursued after him, so now when Christ was coming to her, she was ready to wander from him. Return — This word is repeated four times, to signify both Christ's passionate love to her, and her backwardness. Shulamite — This title signifies, the wife of Solomon, thus called after her husband's name, and as Christ is called by the name of Solomon, so the church is fitly described by the title of Solomon's wife. May look — That I and my companions may contemplate thy beauty. What — But what do you my friends expect to discover in her? Christ proposes the question, that they might take special notice of this as a very remarkable thing in her. The company — Whereby he intimates that this one spouse was made up of the whole multitude of believers. Two armies — Confederate together, and so this may signify the union of Jews and Gentiles, and the safety and strength of the church, which is compared to a numerous host, distributed into two armies.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Song of Songs 6:13

Return, return, O (i) Shulamite; return, return, that we may look upon thee. What will ye see in the Shulamite? As it were the company of two armies.

(i) O ye people of Jerusalem, for Jerusalem was called Shalem which signifies peace.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
return:

Song of Songs 2:14 O my dove, [that art] in the clefts of the rock, in the secret [places] of the stairs, let me see thy countenance, let me hear thy voice; for sweet [is] thy voice, and thy countenance [is] comely.
Jeremiah 3:12-14 Go and proclaim these words toward the north, and say, Return, thou backsliding Israel, saith the LORD; [and] I will not cause mine anger to fall upon you: for I [am] merciful, saith the LORD, [and] I will not keep [anger] for ever. ... Turn, O backsliding children, saith the LORD; for I am married unto you: and I will take you one of a city, and two of a family, and I will bring you to Zion:
Jeremiah 3:22 Return, ye backsliding children, [and] I will heal your backslidings. Behold, we come unto thee; for thou [art] the LORD our God.
Hosea 14:1-4 O Israel, return unto the LORD thy God; for thou hast fallen by thine iniquity. ... I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely: for mine anger is turned away from him.

What:

Song of Songs 1:6 Look not upon me, because I [am] black, because the sun hath looked upon me: my mother's children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; [but] mine own vineyard have I not kept.
Luke 7:44 And he turned to the woman, and said unto Simon, Seest thou this woman? I entered into thine house, thou gavest me no water for my feet: but she hath washed my feet with tears, and wiped [them] with the hairs of her head.
Luke 15:10 Likewise, I say unto you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that repenteth.
2 Thessalonians 1:10 When he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe (because our testimony among you was believed) in that day.

Shulamite:

Genesis 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him [shall] the gathering of the people [be].
Psalms 76:2 In Salem also is his tabernacle, and his dwelling place in Zion.
Isaiah 8:6 Forasmuch as this people refuseth the waters of Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah's son;
John 9:7 And said unto him, Go, wash in the pool of Siloam, (which is by interpretation, Sent.) He went his way therefore, and washed, and came seeing.
Hebrews 7:2 To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace;

As:

John 10:16 And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, [and] one shepherd.
Romans 3:29 [Is he] the God of the Jews only? [is he] not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also:
Ephesians 2:14-17 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition [between us]; ... And came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh.

two armies:
or, Mahanaim,
Genesis 32:2 And when Jacob saw them, he said, This [is] God's host: and he called the name of that place Mahanaim.
Romans 7:23 But I see another law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members.
Galatians 5:17 For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.
Ephesians 6:10-19 Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might. ... And for me, that utterance may be given unto me, that I may open my mouth boldly, to make known the mystery of the gospel,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 32:2; 49:10. Ps 76:2. So 1:6; 2:14. Is 8:6. Jr 3:12, 22. Ho 14:1. Lk 7:44; 15:10. Jn 9:7; 10:16. Ro 3:29; 7:23. Ga 5:17. Ep 2:14; 6:10. 2Th 1:10. He 7:2.

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