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Song of Songs 6:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Who is she that looketh forth as the morning, Fair as the moon, Clear as the sun, Terrible as an army with banners?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who [is] she [that] looketh forth as the morning, fair as the moon, clear as the sun, [and] terrible as [an army] with banners?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Who is this that grows like the dawn, As beautiful as the full moon, As pure as the sun, As awesome as an army with banners?’
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who [is] she [that] looketh forth as the morning, fair as the moon, clear as the sun, [and] terrible as [an army] with banners?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Who is she that looketh forth as the dawn, Fair as the moon, clear as the sun, Terrible as troops with banners?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [THEY] Who is this, that looketh forth like the dawn, beautiful as the moon, pure as the sun, majestic as bannered hosts?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Who [is] this that is looking forth as morning, Fair as the moon—clear as the sun, Awe-inspiring as bannered hosts?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who is she that cometh forth as the morning rising, fair as the moon, bright as the sun, terrible as an army set in array?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who is she that looketh forth as the morning, faire as the moone, cleare as the sunne, [and] terrible as [an armie] with banners?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Who is this that looks forth as the morning, fair as the moon, choice as the sun, terrible as [armies] set in array?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Who [is] she [that] looketh forth as the morning, fair as the moon, clear as the sun, [and] terrible as [an army] with banners?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who x4310
(4310) Complement
מִי
miy
{me}
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
[is] she x2063
(2063) Complement
זֹאת
zo'th
{zothe'}
Irregular feminine of H2089; this (often used adverbially).
[that] looketh forth 8259
{8259} Prime
שָׁקַף
shaqaph
{shaw-kaf'}
A primitive root; properly to lean out (of a window), that is, (by implication) peep or gaze (passively be a spectacle).
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
as the morning, 7837
{7837} Prime
שַׁחַר
shachar
{shakh'-ar}
From H7836; dawn (literally, figuratively or adverbially).
fair 3303
{3303} Prime
יָפֶה
yapheh
{yaw-feh'}
From H3302; beautiful (literally of figuratively).
as the moon, 3842
{3842} Prime
לְבָנָה
l@banah
{leb-aw-naw'}
From H3835; properly (the) white, that is, the moon.
clear 1249
{1249} Prime
בַּר
bar
{bar}
From H1305 (in its various senses); beloved; also pure, empty.
as the sun, 2535
{2535} Prime
חַמָּה
chammah
{kham-maw'}
From H2525; heat; by implication the sun.
[and] terrible 366
{0366} Prime
אָיֹם
'ayom
{aw-yome'}
From an unused root (meaning to frighten); frightful.
as [an army] with banners? 1713
{1713} Prime
דָּגַל
dagal
{daw-gal'}
A primitive root; to flaunt, that is, raise a flag; figuratively to be conspicuous.
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 6:10

_ _ The words expressing the admiration of the daughters. Historically (Acts 5:24-39).

_ _ as the morning — As yet she is not come to the fullness of her light (Proverbs 4:18).

_ _ moon — shining in the night, by light borrowed from the sun; so the bride, in the darkness of this world, reflects the light of the Sun of righteousness (2 Corinthians 3:18).

_ _ sun — Her light of justification is perfect, for it is His (2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 John 4:17). The moon has less light, and has only one half illuminated; so the bride’s sanctification is as yet imperfect. Her future glory (Matthew 13:43).

_ _ army — (Song of Songs 6:4). The climax requires this to be applied to the starry and angelic hosts, from which God is called Lord of Sabaoth. Her final glory (Genesis 15:5; Daniel 12:3; Revelation 12:1). The Church Patriarchal, “the morning”; Levitical, “the moon”; Evangelical, “the sun”; Triumphant, “the bannered army” (Revelation 19:14).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 6:4-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 6:10

Who — These are the words of the queens and concubines. Who, what manner of person is this, how excellent and glorious! Morning — As the morning light, which coming after the darkness, is very pleasant and amiable.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Song of Songs 6:10

(e) Who [is] she [that] looketh forth as the morning, fair as the moon, clear as the sun, [and] terrible as [an army] with banners?

(e) He shows that the beginning of the Church was small, but that it grew up to a great multitude.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Who:

Song of Songs 3:6 Who [is] this that cometh out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of the merchant?
Song of Songs 8:5 Who [is] this that cometh up from the wilderness, leaning upon her beloved? I raised thee up under the apple tree: there thy mother brought thee forth: there she brought thee forth [that] bare thee.
Isaiah 63:1 Who [is] this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this [that is] glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.
Revelation 21:10-11 And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, ... Having the glory of God: and her light [was] like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;

looketh:

2 Samuel 23:4 And [he shall be] as the light of the morning, [when] the sun riseth, [even] a morning without clouds; [as] the tender grass [springing] out of the earth by clear shining after rain.
Job 11:17 And [thine] age shall be clearer than the noonday; thou shalt shine forth, thou shalt be as the morning.
Proverbs 4:18 But the path of the just [is] as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.
Isaiah 58:8 Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thine health shall spring forth speedily: and thy righteousness shall go before thee; the glory of the LORD shall be thy rereward.
Hosea 6:5 Therefore have I hewed [them] by the prophets; I have slain them by the words of my mouth: and thy judgments [are as] the light [that] goeth forth.
Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, [and] the bright and morning star.

fair:

Job 31:26 If I beheld the sun when it shined, or the moon walking [in] brightness;
Ephesians 5:27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.

clear:

Psalms 14:5 There were they in great fear: for God [is] in the generation of the righteous.
Malachi 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.
Matthew 13:43 Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.
Matthew 17:2 And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light.
Revelation 10:1 And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud: and a rainbow [was] upon his head, and his face [was] as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire:
Revelation 12:1 And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:
Revelation 21:23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb [is] the light thereof.
Revelation 22:5 And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever.

terrible:

Song of Songs 6:4 Thou [art] beautiful, O my love, as Tirzah, comely as Jerusalem, terrible as [an army] with banners.
Romans 8:37 Nay, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 23:4. Jb 11:17; 31:26. Ps 14:5. Pv 4:18. So 3:6; 6:4; 8:5. Is 58:8; 63:1. Ho 6:5. Mal 4:2. Mt 13:43; 17:2. Ro 8:37. Ep 5:27. Rv 10:1; 12:1; 21:10, 23; 22:5, 16.

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“She is as an army with banners” – S. of S. 6:10. The banners of the bride are unfurled to testify of her many triumphs over hostile enemies which tried to damage her intimate fellowship of love with Christ. Like her, “Who shall separate us from the love of Christ” – Rom. 8:35.
- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (4/18/2019 4:24:03 AM)
“She is clear as the sun” – S. of S. 6:10. “Clear” denotes the choice one who is pure. In His presence she has been tested and exposed by His brightness and purged to be bright and unblemished. The bride-city in Revelation is clear as crystal to diffuse the shining glory of God.
- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (4/9/2019 6:26:52 PM)
“She is…as the morning…the moon…the sun” – S. of S. 6:10. To become a loving bride of Christ is to become a person full of light. As the morning she shines with a new day of hope – as the moon she reflects the light of Christ – as the sun she is pure with warm rays of light.
- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (4/5/2019 7:17:58 AM)
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