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Song of Songs 5:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— His legs are [as] pillars of marble, set upon sockets of fine gold: His aspect is like Lebanon, excellent as the cedars.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— His legs [are as] pillars of marble, set upon sockets of fine gold: his countenance [is] as Lebanon, excellent as the cedars.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “His legs are pillars of alabaster Set on pedestals of pure gold; His appearance is like Lebanon Choice as the cedars.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— His legs [are as] pillars of marble, set upon sockets of fine gold: his countenance [is] as Lebanon, excellent as the cedars.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— His legs, pillars of marble, set upon bases of fine gold: His bearing as Lebanon, excellent as the cedars;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— His legs, pillars of white marble, founded on sockets of gold,—His form, like Lebanon, choice as cedars:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— His limbs pillars of marble, Founded on sockets of fine gold, His appearance as Lebanon, choice as the cedars.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— His legs as pillars of marble, that are set upon bases of gold. His form as of Libanus, excellent as the cedars.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— His legges [are as] pillars of marble, set vpon sockets of fine gold: his countenance [is] as Lebanon, excellent as the Cedars.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— His legs are marble pillars set on golden sockets: his form is as Lebanon{gr.Libanus}, choice as the cedars.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— His legs [are as] pillars of marble, set upon sockets of fine gold: his countenance [is] as Levanon, excellent as the cedars.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
His legs 7785
{7785} Prime
From H7783; the (lower) leg (as a runner).
[are as] pillars 5982
{5982} Prime
From H5975; a column (as standing); also a stand, that is, platform.
of marble, 8336
{8336} Prime
(The second form for alliteration with H4897); for H7893; bleached stuff, that is, white linen or (by analogy) marble.
set 3245
{3245} Prime
A primitive root; to set (literally or figuratively); intensively to found; reflexively to sit down together, that is, settle, consult.
<8794> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 194
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
sockets 134
{0134} Prime
From the same as H0113 (in the sense of strength); a basis (of a building, a column, etc.).
of fine gold: 6337
{6337} Prime
From H6388; pure (gold); hence gold itself (as refined).
his countenance 4758
{4758} Prime
From H7200; a view (the act of seeing); also an appearance (the thing seen), whether (real) a shape (especially if handsome, comeliness; often plural the looks), or (mental) a vision.
[is] as Lævänôn לְבָנוֹן, 3844
{3844} Prime
From H3825; (the) white mountain (from its snow); Lebanon, a mountain range in Palestine.
excellent 977
{0977} Prime
A primitive root; properly to try, that is, (by implication) select.
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
as the cedars. 730
{0730} Prime
From H0729; a cedar tree (from the tenacity of its roots).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 5:15

_ _ pillars — strength and steadfastness. Contrast man’s “legs” (Ecclesiastes 12:3). Allusion to the temple (1 Kings 5:8, 1 Kings 5:9; 1 Kings 7:21), the “cedars” of “Lebanon” (Psalms 147:10). Jesus Christ’s “legs” were not broken on the cross, though the thieves’ were; on them rests the weight of our salvation (Psalms 75:3).

_ _ sockets of fine gold — His sandals, answering to the bases of the pillars; “set up from everlasting” (Proverbs 8:22, Proverbs 8:23). From the head (Song of Songs 5:11) to the feet, “of fine gold.” He was tried in the fire and found without alloy.

_ _ countenance — rather, “His aspect,” including both mien and stature (compare 2 Samuel 23:21, Margin; with 1 Chronicles 11:23). From the several parts, she proceeds to the general effect of the whole person of Jesus Christ.

_ _ Lebanon — so called from its white limestone rocks.

_ _ excellent — literally, “choice,” that is, fair and tall as the cedars on Lebanon (Ezekiel 31:3, etc.). Majesty is the prominent thought (Psalms 21:5). Also the cedars’ duration (Hebrews 1:11); greenness (Luke 23:31), and refuge afforded by it (Ezekiel 17:22, Ezekiel 17:23).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 5:9-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 5:15

Marble — White, and strait, and well shaped and strong. Gold — His feet are compared to gold, for their singular brightness, for which they are compared to fine — brass, Revelation 1:15. Countenance — Heb. his aspect or appearance, his form or person. Lebanon — In respect of its cedars, tall, and upright, and stately.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Revelation 1:15 And his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters.


Exodus 26:19 And thou shalt make forty sockets of silver under the twenty boards; two sockets under one board for his two tenons, and two sockets under another board for his two tenons.

his countenance:

Song of Songs 2:14 O my dove, [that art] in the clefts of the rock, in the secret [places] of the stairs, let me see thy countenance, let me hear thy voice; for sweet [is] thy voice, and thy countenance [is] comely.
Judges 13:6 Then the woman came and told her husband, saying, A man of God came unto me, and his countenance [was] like the countenance of an angel of God, very terrible: but I asked him not whence he [was], neither told he me his name:
Matthew 17:2 And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light.
Matthew 28:3 His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow:
Acts 2:28 Thou hast made known to me the ways of life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance.
Revelation 1:16 And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance [was] as the sun shineth in his strength.

as Lebanon:

Song of Songs 4:11 Thy lips, O [my] spouse, drop [as] the honeycomb: honey and milk [are] under thy tongue; and the smell of thy garments [is] like the smell of Lebanon.
Psalms 92:12 The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree: he shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon.
Hosea 14:7 They that dwell under his shadow shall return; they shall revive [as] the corn, and grow as the vine: the scent thereof [shall be] as the wine of Lebanon.
Zechariah 9:17 For how great [is] his goodness, and how great [is] his beauty! corn shall make the young men cheerful, and new wine the maids.
1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 26:19. Jg 13:6. Ps 92:12. So 2:14; 4:11. Ho 14:7. Zc 9:17. Mt 17:2; 28:3. Ac 2:28. 1Ti 3:16. Rv 1:15, 16.

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“His countenance is as Lebanon, excellent as the cedars” – Song of Songs 5:15. In Song of Songs 5:10-16, the bride relates so many items of the beauty and glory of her Bridegroom. How can she describe Him in such a detailed way? The whole excellence and elevation of His Person are known because of the intimacy of love. Because of love, her eyes have been opened with the power to see what others cannot see. Our absolute surrender and consecration to Him through love unveils our eyes to see His beauty and glory. Lord Jesus, I want to surrender all and consecrate myself to you. Show me your countenance, appear to me as you are!

- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (11/30/2018 6:00:52 AM)
“His legs are as pillars of marble, set on sockets of fine gold” – Song of Songs 5:15. When viewing the great image of different materials shown in Daniel 2 to predict the governments to come upon the earth, there is a degradation and deterioration from fine gold to silver to bronze and finally to iron with clay. The downgrade of precious elements unveil how earthly governments slowly degrade and become fully corrupt. Yet in the presentation of the beauty of the Beloved Christ, His head is of the finest gold and His legs with His feet bear the same element of the finest gold. There is nothing of corruption, deterioration or degradation in Christ. From His head to His feet, He is eternally the same!

- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (11/28/2018 4:25:20 AM)
“His legs are as pillars” – Song of Songs 5:15. The legs of our Beloved Christ depict straight, well-shaped, strong columns. The two columns or pillars of His legs were seen in the move of God in the wilderness and with the dwelling place of rest in the good land. In the wandering journey of His lovers through the wilderness there was the pillar of a cloud and fire for their leading and protection. This pillar led His lovers into the good land where the temple was built with two magnificent pillars of glory for the rest and testimony of God. The “legs as pillars” of our wonderful Christ lead us out of all that is against God, and brings us into the place where the eternal purpose of God’s rest and pleasure are gained. Lord Jesus, lead me out of all that is not of you, and bring me more into the intimate union with you for God’s rest and glory!

- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (11/24/2018 4:36:21 AM)
“His legs are as pillars of marble, set on sockets of fine gold” – Song of Songs 5:15. The 8th item of the beauty and glory of Christ as described by His bride are “His legs”. “His legs” are for strength in movement or stability in His unwavering firm stance. His continuous advance or fixed stance are the move and base of God’s eternal purpose and pleasure. God has moved in Christ to complete what He has determined with no possibility of Him being overturned. Lord Jesus, we join with you today to move and stand for God’s will on the earth.
- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (11/23/2018 4:32:07 AM)
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