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Song of Songs 5:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— His hands are [as] rings of gold set with beryl: His body is [as] ivory work overlaid [with] sapphires.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— His hands [are as] gold rings set with the beryl: his belly [is as] bright ivory overlaid [with] sapphires.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “His hands are rods of gold Set with beryl; His abdomen is carved ivory Inlaid with sapphires.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— His hands [are as] gold rings set with the beryl: his belly [is as] bright ivory overlaid [with] sapphires.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— His hands gold rings, set with the chrysolite; His belly is bright ivory, overlaid [with] sapphires;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— His hands, cylinders of gold, set with topaz,—His body, wrought work of ivory, covered with sapphires:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— His hands rings of gold, set with beryl, His heart bright ivory, covered with sapphires,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— His hands are turned and as of gold, full of hyacinths. His belly as of ivory, set with sapphires.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— His hands [are as] gold rings set with the Berill: His belly [is as] bright iuorie, ouerlayd [with] Saphires.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— His hands are as turned gold set with beryl: his belly is an ivory tablet on a sapphire stone.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— His hands [are as] gold rings set with the beryl: his belly [is as] bright ivory overlaid [with] sapphires.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
His hands 3027
{3027} Prime
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
[are as] gold 2091
{2091} Prime
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
rings 1550
{1550} Prime
From H1556; a valve of a folding door (as turning); also a ring (as round).
set 4390
{4390} Prime
A primitive root, to fill or (intransitively) be full of, in a wide application (literally and figuratively).
<8794> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 194
with the beryl: 8658
{8658} Prime
Probably of foreign derivation (compare H8659); a gem, perhaps the topaz.
his belly 4578
{4578} Prime
From an unused root probably meaning to be soft; used only in plural the intestines, or (collectively) the abdomen, figuratively sympathy; by implication a vest; by extension the stomach, the uterus (or of men, the seat of generation), the heart (figuratively).
[is as] bright 6247
{6247} Prime
From H6245; a fabric.
ivory 8127
{8127} Prime
From H8150; a tooth (as sharp); specifically (for H8143) ivory; figuratively a cliff.
overlaid 5968
{5968} Prime
A primitive root; to veil or cover; figuratively to be languid.
<8794> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 194
[with] sapphires. 5601
{5601} Prime
From H5608; a gem (perhaps as used for scratching other substances), probably the sapphire.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 5:14

_ _ rings set with ... berylHebrew, Tarshish, so called from the city. The ancient chrysolite, gold in color (Septuagint), our topaz, one of the stones on the high priest’s breastplate, also in the foundation of New Jerusalem (Revelation 21:19, Revelation 21:20; also Daniel 10:6). “Are as,” is plainly to be supplied, see in Song of Songs 5:13 a similiar ellipsis; not as Moody Stuart: “have gold rings.” The hands bent in are compared to beautiful rings, in which beryl is set, as the nails are in the fingers. Burrowes explains the rings as cylinders used as signets, such as are found in Nineveh, and which resemble fingers. A ring is the token of sonship (Luke 15:22). A slave was not allowed to wear a gold ring. He imparts His sonship and freedom to us (Galatians 4:7); also of authority (Genesis 41:42; compare John 6:27). He seals us in the name of God with His signet (Revelation 7:2-4), compare below, Song of Songs 8:6, where she desires to be herself a signet-ring on His arms; so “graven on the palms,” etc., that is, on the signet-ring in His hand (Isaiah 49:16; contrast Haggai 2:23, with Jeremiah 22:24).

_ _ belly — Burrowes and Moody Stuart translate, “body.” Newton, as it is elsewhere, “bowels”; namely, His compassion (Psalms 22:14; Isaiah 63:15; Jeremiah 31:20; Hosea 11:8).

_ _ bright — literally, “elaborately wrought so as to shine,” so His “prepared” body (Hebrews 10:5); the “ivory palace” of the king (Psalms 45:8); spotless, pure, so the bride’s “neck is as to tower of ivory” (Song of Songs 7:4).

_ _ sapphires — spangling in the girdle around Him (Daniel 10:5). “To the pure all things are pure.” As in statuary to the artist the partly undraped figure is suggestive only of beauty, free from indelicacy, so to the saint the personal excellencies of Jesus Christ, typified under the ideal of the noblest human form. As, however, the bride and bridegroom are in public, the usual robes on the person, richly ornamented, are presupposed (Isaiah 11:5). Sapphires indicate His heavenly nature (so John 3:13, “is in heaven”), even in His humiliation, overlaying or cast “over” His ivory human body (Exodus 24:10). Sky-blue in color, the height and depth of the love of Jesus Christ (Ephesians 3:18).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 5:9-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 5:14

Beryl — Beautiful, and precious, and richly adorned, as it were with gold rings set with precious stones. Belly — Which seems to be here used, for the whole body, reaching from the neck to the bottom of the belly. Saphires — Of a pure and bright white colour, intermixt with blue veins; for some saphires are of a bright blue colour.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Exodus 15:6 Thy right hand, O LORD, is become glorious in power: thy right hand, O LORD, hath dashed in pieces the enemy.
Psalms 44:4-7 Thou art my King, O God: command deliverances for Jacob. ... But thou hast saved us from our enemies, and hast put them to shame that hated us.
Psalms 99:4 The king's strength also loveth judgment; thou dost establish equity, thou executest judgment and righteousness in Jacob.
Isaiah 9:7 Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Isaiah 52:13 Behold, my servant shall deal prudently, he shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high.

his belly:

Song of Songs 7:2 Thy navel [is like] a round goblet, [which] wanteth not liquor: thy belly [is like] an heap of wheat set about with lilies.
Exodus 24:10 And they saw the God of Israel: and [there was] under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in [his] clearness.
Isaiah 54:11 O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, [and] not comforted, behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colours, and lay thy foundations with sapphires.
Ezekiel 1:26-28 And above the firmament that [was] over their heads [was] the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of the throne [was] the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it. ... As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, so [was] the appearance of the brightness round about. This [was] the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. And when I saw [it], I fell upon my face, and I heard a voice of one that spake.
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Ex 15:6; 24:10. Ps 44:4; 99:4. So 7:2. Is 9:7; 52:13; 54:11. Ezk 1:26.

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