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Song of Songs 5:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— His eyes are like doves beside the water-brooks, Washed with milk, [and] fitly set.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— His eyes [are] as [the eyes] of doves by the rivers of waters, washed with milk, [and] fitly set.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “His eyes are like doves Beside streams of water, Bathed in milk, [And] reposed in [their] setting.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— His eyes [are] as [the eyes] of doves by the rivers of waters, washed with milk, [and] fitly set.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— His eyes are like doves by the water-brooks, Washed with milk, fitly set;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— His eyes, like doves, by the channels of water,—bathing in milk, set as gems in a ring:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— His eyes as doves by streams of water, Washing in milk, sitting in fulness.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— His eyes as doves upon brooks of waters, which are washed with milk, and sit beside the plentiful streams.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— His eyes [are] as [the eyes] of doues by the riuers of water, washed with milk, and fitly set.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— His eyes are as doves, by the pools of waters, washed with milk, sitting by the pools.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— His eyes [are] as [the eyes] of doves by the rivers of waters, washed with milk, [and] fitly set.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
His eyes 5869
{5869} Prime
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
[are] as [the eyes] of doves 3123
{3123} Prime
Probably from the same as H3196; a dove (apparently from the warmth of their mating).
by x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the rivers 650
{0650} Prime
From H0622; properly containing, that is, a tube; also a bed or valley of a stream; also a strong thing or a hero.
of waters, 4325
{4325} Prime
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
washed 7364
{7364} Prime
A primitive root; to lave (the whole or a part of the thing).
<8801> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 309
with milk, 2461
{2461} Prime
From the same as H2459; milk (as the richness of kine).
[and] fitly set. 3427
{3427} Prime
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
{4402} Prime
From H4390; fulness, that is, (concretely) a plump socket (of the eye).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 5:12

_ _ as the eyes of doves — rather, “as doves” (Psalms 68:13); bathing in “the rivers”; so combining in their “silver” feathers the whiteness of milk with the sparkling brightness of the water trickling over them (Matthew 3:16). The “milk” may allude to the white around the pupil of the eye. The “waters” refer to the eye as the fountain of tears of sympathy (Ezekiel 16:5, Ezekiel 16:6; Luke 19:41). Vivacity, purity, and love, are the three features typified.

_ _ fitly set — as a gem in a ring; as the precious stones in the high priest’s breastplate. Rather, translate as Vulgate (the doves), sitting at the fullness of the stream; by the full stream; or, as Maurer (the eyes) set in fullness, not sunk in their sockets (Revelation 5:6), (“seven,” expressing full perfection), (Zechariah 3:9; Zechariah 4:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 5:9-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 5:12

Of doves — Lovely and pleasant, chaste and innocent. Rivers — Where they delight to abide. Milk — Doves of a milk white colour.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
His eyes:
Rather, "His eyes are as doves;" the deep blue pigeon, the common dove in the East, whose brilliant plumage vibrates around his neck every sparkling hue, every dazzling flash of colour. And this pigeon standing amid "the torrents of water," or the foam of a waterfall, would be a blue centre with a bright space like the iris of the eye, surrounded by the white.
Song of Songs 1:15 Behold, thou [art] fair, my love; behold, thou [art] fair; thou [hast] doves' eyes.
Song of Songs 4:1 Behold, thou [art] fair, my love; behold, thou [art] fair; thou [hast] doves' eyes within thy locks: thy hair [is] as a flock of goats, that appear from mount Gilead.
Hebrews 4:13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things [are] naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.

fitly set:
Heb. sitting in fulness, that is, fitly placed, and set as a precious stone in the foil of a ring.
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So 1:15; 4:1. He 4:13.

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“His eyes are fitly set” – Song of Songs 5:12. “Set” here is as a stone set in a ring, or the stones set on the breastplate of the high priest. The vision of His eyes is set. His view is accurate with nothing uncertain. His view of His bride is full of love and set according to the eternal purpose and will of God. His love is set to work out all that is needed to produce His loving companion and counterpart.
- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (10/31/2018 4:47:22 AM)
“His eyes are as the eyes of doves” – Song of Songs 5:12. When John saw the resurrected and exalted Son of God, His “eyes were as a flame of fire” (Rev. 1:14). The view of the Beloved Christ concerning the degradation of the churches and the rebellion of the world caused His eyes to burn with judgment. Here in the love song of the Bridegroom with His bride, He has the “eyes of doves”. His eyes infuse His spiritual love into the one He loves!
- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (10/27/2018 4:29:08 AM)
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