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Song of Songs 5:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— My beloved is white and ruddy, The chiefest among ten thousand.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— My beloved [is] white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “My beloved is dazzling and ruddy, Outstanding among ten thousand.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— My beloved [is] white and ruddy, the chief among ten thousand.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— My beloved is white and ruddy, The chiefest among ten thousand.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [SHE.] My beloved, is white and ruddy, conspicuous beyond ten thousand:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— My beloved [is] clear and ruddy, Conspicuous above a myriad!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— My beloved is white and ruddy, chosen out of thousands.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— My beloued [is] white and ruddy, the chiefest among tenne thousand.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— My kinsman is white and ruddy, chosen out from myriads.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— My beloved [is] white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
My beloved 1730
{1730} Prime
דּוֹד
dowd
{dode}
From an unused root meaning properly to boil, that is, (figuratively) to love; by implication a love token, lover, friend; specifically an uncle.
[is] white 6703
{6703} Prime
צַח
tsach
{tsakh}
From H6705; dazzling, that is, sunny, bright, (figuratively) evident.
and ruddy, 122
{0122} Prime
אָדֹם
'adom
{aw-dome'}
From H0119; rosy.
the chiefest 1713
{1713} Prime
דָּגַל
dagal
{daw-gal'}
A primitive root; to flaunt, that is, raise a flag; figuratively to be conspicuous.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
among ten thousand. 7233
{7233} Prime
רְבָבָה
r@babah
{reb-aw-baw'}
From H7231; abundance (in number), that is, (specifically) a myriad (whether definite or indefinite).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 5:10

_ _ (1 Peter 3:15).

_ _ white and ruddy — health and beauty. So David (equivalent to beloved), His forefather after the flesh, and type (1 Samuel 17:42). “The Lamb” is at once His nuptial and sacrificial name (1 Peter 1:19; Revelation 19:7), characterized by white and red; white, His spotless manhood (Revelation 1:14). The Hebrew for white is properly “illuminated by the sun,” white as the light” (compare Matthew 17:2); red, in His blood-dyed garment as slain (Isaiah 63:1-3; Revelation 5:6; Revelation 19:13). Angels are white, not red; the blood of martyrs does not enter heaven; His alone is seen there.

_ _ chiefest — literally, “a standard bearer”; that is, as conspicuous above all others, as a standard bearer is among hosts (Psalms 45:7; Psalms 89:6; Isaiah 11:10; Isaiah 55:4; Hebrews 2:10; compare 2 Samuel 18:3; Job 33:23; Philippians 2:9-11; Revelation 1:5). The chief of sinners needs the “chiefest” of Saviors.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 5:9-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 5:10

White — The white may denote his pure and spotless innocency, and the ruddy colour his bloody passion.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
beloved:

Song of Songs 2:1 I [am] the rose of Sharon, [and] the lily of the valleys.
Deuteronomy 32:31 For their rock [is] not as our Rock, even our enemies themselves [being] judges.
Psalms 45:17 I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise thee for ever and ever.
Isaiah 66:19 And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, [to] Tarshish, Pul, and Lud, that draw the bow, [to] Tubal, and Javan, [to] the isles afar off, that have not heard my fame, neither have seen my glory; and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles.
Hebrews 7:26 For such an high priest became us, [who is] holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;

the chiefest:
Heb. a standard bearer,
Isaiah 10:18 And shall consume the glory of his forest, and of his fruitful field, both soul and body: and they shall be as when a standardbearer fainteth.
Isaiah 59:19 So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD shall lift up a standard against him.
Romans 9:5 Whose [are] the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ [came], who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.
Philippians 2:9-11 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: ... And [that] every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ [is] Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Colossians 1:18 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all [things] he might have the preeminence.
Hebrews 2:10 For it became him, for whom [are] all things, and by whom [are] all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:31. Ps 45:17. So 2:1. Is 10:18; 59:19; 66:19. Ro 9:5. Php 2:9. Col 1:18. He 2:10; 7:26.

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In Revelation 7:9-10, there is a vast host which could not be numbered. These all stood around the throne of God with the Lamb as their center. There was a single Lamb with an uncountable multitude of saved ones. Even among such a multitude the Lamb could not be lost sight of for He is the preeminent One – the chief One among an innumerable multitude. He stands above all in regard to His Person, His accomplishments, and His attainments. Although He is far above all, each one in this vast multitude is vitally connected with Him for their salvation! Each one of them has a testimony of union and fellowship with the lovely Lamb! “My beloved is the chiefest among ten thousand” – Song of Songs 5:10.

- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (10/11/2018 4:40:38 AM)
“My beloved is the chiefest among ten thousand” – Song of Songs 5:10. In this verse “ten thousand” is used to represent an innumerable multitude. Actually, the “ten thousand” get their importance because the Beloved Christ is among them. The innumerable multitude, no matter how large it can be, has no meaning or significance if He is not among them. In the same way, apart from Him, we are nothing and without purpose. Intimate union and sweet fellowship with our lovely Jesus Christ is the reality of our life!
- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (10/10/2018 5:13:07 AM)
In Song of Songs 2:4, the Beloved Himself has become the banner of love over each loving seeker. The unfurled flag of the victory of His conquering love is a sign to all that we are not our own, but belong solely to Him. Even more, the victory of His love has covered me from every temptation, frustration and competing desire that tries to harm the union and fellowship of love. In Song of Songs 5:10, the Beloved Christ is the standard bearer and banner – the leader exalted above all, who is victorious among a multitude. He declares and leads His loving bride in the way of full salvation for the glory of God. These two banners have become the victory of love in the eternal union of the Bridegroom with His bride.

- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (10/9/2018 4:37:56 AM)
How wonderful to be unveiled as to what is on the heart of God. Thank you for your fellowship my sister!
- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (10/7/2018 6:13:23 AM)
I wipe the dust off my feet Frank Pytel. I have told you before and I will tell you again, that a Biblical marriage is between 1 man and 1 woman as proven in Matthew 19 and 1 Timothy 3:2. When the wise virgins go out to meet the groom and the bride, as Matthew originally wrote, the wise virgins are the many members of the body of Christ and the bride is 1 woman! Yeshua HaMashiach is not going to have a great big polygamous bride of men and women. That is not Biblical. You need to STOP spreading deceptive lies on this page, every day I will check this page and put a new comment up if yours is deceiving people! You clearly are confused as to how to rightly divide the word of truth and to UNDERSTAND what Paul meant when he wrote 2 Corinthians 11:2. Clearly Paul wrote that many would be betrothed or "joined" to Christ as chaste virgins. But betrothed also means to betroth a daughter to any one; to join to one's self, i.e. to marry the daughter of any one; to betroth, to give one in marriage to any one, and this can be looked up in Strong's Greek Concordance for G0718. http://lexiconcordance.com/greek/0718.html
The daughter of the King will fulfill 2 Corinthians 11:2, the daughter mentioned in Psalm 45:13. The virgins her companions will also be betrothed to Christ as CHASTE VIRGINS, who in some translations are referred to as bridesmaids. When have you ever heard of 1 man getting married to a bride and many bridesmaids? Never... Not on this earth and not in heaven either. On earth as it is in heaven, as mentioned in the Our Father Prayer written in Luke Chapter 11, verses 1 through 4. If you cannot understand that the virgins go out to meet the groom and the bride as mentioned in Matthew's original Aramaic writings, then you are REFUSING to receive the truth and clearly you are in violation of John 16:13, where it is clear the Ruach HaKodesh guides people into ALL TRUTH and shows true followers things to come. When many false prophets see the events of Revelation 22:17 unfold at the timing of the rapture, where many will see the Ruach and the Bride say "Come", they will be in violation of Mark 8:38 and Luke 9:26 where it is clear they will be ashamed at YHWH's words. Clearly the daughter of the King of Psalm 45:13 is not the same as the virgins her companions of Psalm 45:14. The daughter of the King is Yeshua's wife of Revelation 19:7 and 1 Timothy 3:2 and the virgins her companions are the saints of Revelation 19:8. The dove who is but ONE of Song of Solomon 6:9 is the 1 woman Bride of Christ and the Virgins too many to count are the many members of the Body of Christ, mentioned in Song of Solomon 6:8. Every time you spread your polygamous lies on this page, I will respond! People are deceived by this unbiblical doctrine and people are puffed up with pride placing Elohim in a box by their selfish demands! God is NOT mocked and it is clear the Word of Elohim is not bound! Yeshua WILL fulfill ALL Scripture as proven in Luke 24:44-45 and this will INCLUDE Proverbs 31. Last but not least, who are the guests of Matthew 22? Do you think the guests of Matthew 22 are part of this great big polygamous bride you are preaching? NO!!! the Bridegroom is Yeshua and the bride is a woman! And the bridesmaids are the virgins the companions of the daughter of the King! The guests of Matthew 22 are not part of an unbiblical polygamous bride! Clearly John wrote in John 3:29 that he is a friend of the Bridegroom, the best man who will hear Yeshua's vows in the day of his marriage! Clearly the 5 wise who go out to meet the groom and the bride go into the marriage and marriage in Matthew 25:10 means marriage banquet or marriage supper. This is AFTER the wedding ceremony takes place which will fulfill Psalm 45:13-14! The marriage supper of Revelation 19:9 is the reception that follows after the Wedding Ceremony! If you keep spreading lies on this page, I will continue to respond with the truth!
- Andrea Suzanne (10/6/2018 7:41:45 AM)
“My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand” – Song of Songs 5:10. The “chiefest” is often translated as “banner” or “standard bearer”. When the adversary and enemy of the bride approaches to do harm, our Beloved Christ will be lifted up as a banner against him (Isaiah 59:19). His banner is the triumph on the cross – His banner is the resurrection where He defeated death – His banner is His exalted seat on the throne – His banner is the poured out Spirit of life and power. This is the beginning of the detailed description of the Bridegroom who we love and will marry!
- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (10/6/2018 4:18:27 AM)
Dear Frank Pytel: I left a tweet on your twitter page about the controversial topic concerning the Bride of Christ mentioned in Matthew's original Aramaic writings of Matthew 25:1. I pray the Ruach HaKodesh sheds light to how the daughter of the King of Psalm 45:13 is the same as the bride of Matthew 25:1 and the bride in Revelation 22:17. It is clear the Old Testament revealed is the New Testament Concealed.
https://biblehub.com/aramaic-plain-english/matthew/25.htm
We are getting very close to Luke 21:20 and it is clear not many will make it up in the rapture if they do not come to the knowledge of the truth about certain false doctrines. I hope the Ruach HaKodesh opens your eyes to the truth so the truth can truly set you free. Blessings in HaMoshiach Yeshua, Shalom.
- Andrea Suzanne (10/4/2018 10:05:54 PM)
“My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand” – Song of Songs 5:10. Firstly, He is “white” – eternally pure in brightness; secondly, He is “ruddy” – the One full of vigor, yet bleeding for the helpless and dying race of Adam; thirdly, He is the chiefest among ten thousand – the One who is far above all with no equal, who has ascended, been exalted and now enthroned in glory and beauty. This is the One whom we love and will marry!
- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (10/2/2018 6:47:08 PM)
“My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand” – Song of Songs 5:10. There are two colors that the loving seeking bride uses to describe her Bridegroom, “white and ruddy”. “White” denotes radiance, dazzling, His pure spotlessness. He has no mixture, but shines as the sun with a glow of light. Oh how precious it is to be in the presence of such divine purity. Lord Jesus, may the shining of your Person infuse me with your beauty and glory!
- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (9/30/2018 4:53:54 AM)
“My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand” – Song of Songs 5:10. As the loving seeker bride speaks of how her Beloved is far above all others, she firstly gives a general view of Him (v.10), then a tenfold detailed description from His head to His legs (vv.11-15), and finally concludes with a her supreme vision of His beauty and glory! The Holy Spirit, throughout her seeking, has impressed upon her a deep personal revelation of Him. Her tenfold account of Him is based upon her intimate union and personal experience of love with Him – not a mere doctrine or a repetition of what others have said.

- Frank Pytel, "The (9/28/2018 4:44:19 AM)
When we speak concerning our Beloved Christ we reveal what is in our heart and what we have seen of Him. Is He a historical figure, a distant experience, or is what I am speaking of Him my current love relationship which burns in my heart? “My beloved is white and ruddy, the chiefest among ten thousand” – Song of Songs 5:10.
- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (9/26/2018 5:36:21 AM)
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