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Song of Songs 4:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thy neck is like the tower of David builded for an armory, Whereon there hang a thousand bucklers, All the shields of the mighty men.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thy neck [is] like the tower of David builded for an armoury, whereon there hang a thousand bucklers, all shields of mighty men.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Your neck is like the tower of David, Built with rows of stones On which are hung a thousand shields, All the round shields of the mighty men.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thy neck [is] like the tower of David built for an armory, on which hang a thousand bucklers, all shields of mighty men.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thy neck is like the tower of David, Built for an armoury: A thousand bucklers hang thereon, All shields of mighty men.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Like the tower of David, is thy neck, built for war,—A thousand shields, hung thereon, all, equipment of heroes:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— As the tower of David [is] thy neck, built for an armoury, The chief of the shields are hung on it, All shields of the mighty.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thy neck, is as the tower of David, which is built with bulwarks: a thousand bucklers hang upon it, all the armour of valiant men.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thy necke [is] like the tower of Dauid builded for an armorie, whereon there hang a thousand bucklers, all shields of mightie men.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thy neck is as the tower of David, that was built for an armoury: a thousand shields hang upon it, [and] all darts of mighty men.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thy neck [is] like the tower of Dawid builded for an armoury, whereon there hang a thousand bucklers, all shields of mighty men.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thy neck 6677
{6677} Prime
צַוָּאר
tsavva'r
{tsav-vawr'}
Intensive from H6696 in the sense of binding; the back of the neck (as that on which burdens are bound).
[is] like the tower 4026
{4026} Prime
מִגְדָּל
migdal
{mig-dawl'}
From H1431; a tower (from its size or height); by analogy a rostrum; figuratively a (pyramidal) bed of flowers.
of Dwi דָּוִד 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
builded 1129
{1129} Prime
בָּנָה
banah
{baw-naw'}
A primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
for an armoury, 8530
{8530} Prime
תַּלְפִּיָּה
talpiyah
{tal-pee-yaw'}
Feminine from an unused root meaning to tower; something tall, that is, (plural collectively) slenderness.
whereon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
there hang 8518
{8518} Prime
תָּלָה
talah
{taw-law'}
A primitive root; to suspend (especially to gibbet).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
a thousand 505
{0505} Prime
אֶלֶף
'eleph
{eh'-lef}
Properly the same as H0504; hence (an ox's head being the first letter of the alphabet, and this eventually used as a numeral) a thousand.
bucklers, 4043
{4043} Prime
מָגֵן
magen
{maw-gane'}
From H1598; a shield (that is, the small one or buckler); figuratively a protector; also the scaly hide of the crocodile.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
shields 7982
{7982} Prime
שֶׁלֶט
shelet
{sheh'-let}
From H7980; probably a shield (as controlling, that is, protecting the person).
of mighty men. 1368
{1368} Prime
גִּבּוֹר
gibbowr
{ghib-bore'}
Intensive from the same as H1397; powerful; by implication warrior, tyrant.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 4:4

_ _ neck — stately: in beautiful contrast to the blushing temples (Song of Songs 4:3); not “stiff” (Isaiah 48:4; Acts 7:51), as that of unbroken nature; nor “stretched forth” wantonly (Isaiah 3:16); nor burdened with the legal yoke (Lamentations 1:14; Acts 15:10); but erect in gospel freedom (Isaiah 52:2).

_ _ tower of David — probably on Zion. He was a man of war, preparatory to the reign of Solomon, the king of peace. So warfare in the case of Jesus Christ and His saints precedes the coming rest. Each soul won from Satan by Him is a trophy gracing the bride (Luke 11:22); (each hangs on Him, Isaiah 22:23, Isaiah 22:24); also each victory of her faith. As shields adorn a temple’s walls (Ezekiel 27:11), so necklaces hang on the bride’s neck (Judges 5:30; 1 Kings 10:16).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 4:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 4:4

Thy neck — This may represent the grace of faith, by which we are united to Christ, as the body is to the head by the neck. By which Christians receive their spiritual food, and consequently their strength and ability for action. The tower — Upright, firm, and strong; and moreover adorned with chains of gold or pearl, or the like ornaments. Of David — Some tower built by David, when he repaired, and enlarged his royal city, and used by him as an armory. Bucklers — Such as are reserved for the use of mighty men. A thousand is put indefinitely for a great number.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
neck:

Song of Songs 1:10 Thy cheeks are comely with rows [of jewels], thy neck with chains [of gold].
Song of Songs 7:4 Thy neck [is] as a tower of ivory; thine eyes [like] the fishpools in Heshbon, by the gate of Bathrabbim: thy nose [is] as the tower of Lebanon which looketh toward Damascus.
2 Samuel 22:51 [He is] the tower of salvation for his king: and sheweth mercy to his anointed, unto David, and to his seed for evermore.
Ephesians 4:15-16 But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, [even] Christ: ... From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love.
Colossians 2:19 And not holding the Head, from which all the body by joints and bands having nourishment ministered, and knit together, increaseth with the increase of God.
1 Peter 1:5 Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.

an armoury:

Nehemiah 3:19 And next to him repaired Ezer the son of Jeshua, the ruler of Mizpah, another piece over against the going up to the armoury at the turning [of the wall].

a thousand:

2 Chronicles 9:15-16 And king Solomon made two hundred targets [of] beaten gold: six hundred [shekels] of beaten gold went to one target. ... And three hundred shields [made he of] beaten gold: three hundred [shekels] of gold went to one shield. And the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon.
2 Chronicles 12:9-11 So Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, and took away the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house; he took all: he carried away also the shields of gold which Solomon had made. ... And when the king entered into the house of the LORD, the guard came and fetched them, and brought them again into the guard chamber.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 22:51. 2Ch 9:15; 12:9. Ne 3:19. So 1:10; 7:4. Ep 4:15. Col 2:19. 1P 1:5.

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