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Song of Songs 4:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thy lips are like a thread of scarlet, And thy mouth is comely. Thy temples are like a piece of a pomegranate Behind thy veil.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thy lips [are] like a thread of scarlet, and thy speech [is] comely: thy temples [are] like a piece of a pomegranate within thy locks.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Your lips are like a scarlet thread, And your mouth is lovely. Your temples are like a slice of a pomegranate Behind your veil.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thy lips [are] like a thread of scarlet, and thy speech [is] comely: thy temples [are] like a piece of pomegranate within thy locks.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thy lips are like a thread of scarlet, And thy speech is comely; As a piece of a pomegranate are thy temples Behind thy veil.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Like a cord of crimson, are thy lips, and, thy mouth, is lovely,—Like a slice of pomegranate, are thy temples, behind thy veil:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— As a thread of scarlet [are] thy lips, And thy speech [is] comely, As the work of the pomegranate [is] thy temple behind thy veil,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thy lips are as a scarlet lace: and thy speech sweet. Thy cheeks are as a piece of a pomegranate, besides that which lieth hid within.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thy lips [are] like a threed of scarlet, and thy speach is comely: thy temples [are] like a piece of a pomegranate within thy lockes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thy lips are as a thread of scarlet, and thy speech is comely: like the rind of a pomegranate is thy cheek without thy veil.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thy lips [are] like a thread of scarlet, and thy speech [is] comely: thy temples [are] like a piece of a pomegranate within thy locks.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thy lips 8193
{8193} Prime
(The second form is in dual and plural); Probably from H5595 or H8192 through the idea of termination (compare H5490); the lip (as a natural boundary); by implication language; by analogy a margin (of a vessel, water, cloth, etc.).
[are] like a thread 2339
{2339} Prime
From an unused root probably meaning to sew; a string; by implication a measuring tape.
of scarlet, 8144
{8144} Prime
Of uncertain derivation; crimson, properly the insect or its color, also stuff dyed with it.
and thy speech 4057
{4057} Prime
From H1696 in the sense of driving; a pasture (that is, open field, whither cattle are driven); by implication a desert; also speech (including its organs).
[is] comely: 5000
{5000} Prime
From H4998 or H5116; suitable, or beautiful.
thy temples y7541
[7541] Standard
Feminine of H7534; properly thinness, that is, the side of the head.
(7451) Complement
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
[are] like a piece 6400
{6400} Prime
From H6398; a slice.
of a pomegranate 7416
{7416} Prime
From H7426; a pomegranate, the tree (from its upright growth) or the fruit (also an artificial ornament).
within 1157
{1157} Prime
From H5704 with prepositional prefix; in up to or over against; generally at, beside, among, behind, for, etc.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
thy locks. 6777
{6777} Prime
From an unused root meaning to fasten on; a veil.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 4:3

_ _ thread — like a delicate fillet. Not thick and white as the leper’s lips (type of sin), which were therefore to be “covered,” as “unclean” (Leviticus 13:45).

_ _ scarlet — The blood of Jesus Christ (Isaiah 6:5-9) cleanses the leprosy, and unseals the lips (Isaiah 57:19; Hosea 14:2; Hebrews 13:15). Rahab’s scarlet thread was a type of it (Joshua 2:18).

_ _ speech — not a separate feature from the lips (Zephaniah 3:9; Colossians 4:6). Contrast “uncircumcised lips” (Exodus 6:12). Maurer and Burrowes translate, “thy mouth.”

_ _ temples — rather, the upper part of the cheek next the temples: the seat of shamefacedness; so, “within thy locks,” no display (1 Corinthians 11:5, 1 Corinthians 11:6, 1 Corinthians 11:15). Mark of true penitence (Ezra 9:6; Ezekiel 16:63). Contrast Jeremiah 3:3; Ezekiel 3:7.

_ _ pomegranate — When cut, it displays in rows seeds pellucid, like crystal, tinged with red. Her modesty is not on the surface, but within, which Jesus Christ can see into.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 4:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 4:3

Thy speech — Which is added as another ingredient of an amiable person; and to explain the foregoing metaphor. The discourse of believers is edifying and comfortable, and acceptable to God, and to serious men. Temples — Under which he comprehends the cheeks. Pomegranate — In which there is a lovely mixture of red and white.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Song of Songs 4:11 Thy lips, O [my] spouse, drop [as] the honeycomb: honey and milk [are] under thy tongue; and the smell of thy garments [is] like the smell of Lebanon.
Song of Songs 5:13 His cheeks [are] as a bed of spices, [as] sweet flowers: his lips [like] lilies, dropping sweet smelling myrrh.
Song of Songs 5:16 His mouth [is] most sweet: yea, he [is] altogether lovely. This [is] my beloved, and this [is] my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem.
Song of Songs 7:9 And the roof of thy mouth like the best wine for my beloved, that goeth [down] sweetly, causing the lips of those that are asleep to speak.
Psalms 37:30 The mouth of the righteous speaketh wisdom, and his tongue talketh of judgment.
Psalms 45:2 Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.
Psalms 119:13 With my lips have I declared all the judgments of thy mouth.
Proverbs 10:13 In the lips of him that hath understanding wisdom is found: but a rod [is] for the back of him that is void of understanding.
Proverbs 10:20-21 The tongue of the just [is as] choice silver: the heart of the wicked [is] little worth. ... The lips of the righteous feed many: but fools die for want of wisdom.
Proverbs 16:21-24 The wise in heart shall be called prudent: and the sweetness of the lips increaseth learning. ... Pleasant words [are as] an honeycomb, sweet to the soul, and health to the bones.
Matthew 12:35 A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things.
Luke 4:22 And all bare him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not this Joseph's son?
2 Corinthians 5:18-21 And all things [are] of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation; ... For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
Ephesians 4:29 Let no corrupt communication proceed out of your mouth, but that which is good to the use of edifying, that it may minister grace unto the hearers.
Colossians 3:16-17 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord. ... And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, [do] all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and the Father by him.
Colossians 4:6 Let your speech [be] alway with grace, seasoned with salt, that ye may know how ye ought to answer every man.


Leviticus 14:4 Then shall the priest command to take for him that is to be cleansed two birds alive [and] clean, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop:
Leviticus 14:6 As for the living bird, he shall take it, and the cedar wood, and the scarlet, and the hyssop, and shall dip them and the living bird in the blood of the bird [that was] killed over the running water:
Leviticus 14:49-52 And he shall take to cleanse the house two birds, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop: ... And he shall cleanse the house with the blood of the bird, and with the running water, and with the living bird, and with the cedar wood, and with the hyssop, and with the scarlet:
Numbers 4:8 And they shall spread upon them a cloth of scarlet, and cover the same with a covering of badgers' skins, and shall put in the staves thereof.
Numbers 19:6 And the priest shall take cedar wood, and hyssop, and scarlet, and cast [it] into the midst of the burning of the heifer.
Joshua 2:18 Behold, [when] we come into the land, thou shalt bind this line of scarlet thread in the window which thou didst let us down by: and thou shalt bring thy father, and thy mother, and thy brethren, and all thy father's household, home unto thee.
Proverbs 31:26 She openeth her mouth with wisdom; and in her tongue [is] the law of kindness.
Hebrews 9:19 For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people,

thy temples:

Song of Songs 6:7 As a piece of a pomegranate [are] thy temples within thy locks.
Genesis 32:10 I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies, and of all the truth, which thou hast shewed unto thy servant; for with my staff I passed over this Jordan; and now I am become two bands.
Ezra 9:6 And said, O my God, I am ashamed and blush to lift up my face to thee, my God: for our iniquities are increased over [our] head, and our trespass is grown up unto the heavens.
Ezekiel 16:63 That thou mayest remember, and be confounded, and never open thy mouth any more because of thy shame, when I am pacified toward thee for all that thou hast done, saith the Lord GOD.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 32:10. Lv 14:4, 6, 49. Nu 4:8; 19:6. Jsh 2:18. Ezr 9:6. Ps 37:30; 45:2; 119:13. Pv 10:13, 20; 16:21; 31:26. So 4:11; 5:13, 16; 6:7; 7:9. Ezk 16:63. Mt 12:35. Lk 4:22. 2Co 5:18. Ep 4:29. Col 3:16; 4:6. He 9:19.

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The phrase “within your locks” is used two times in the appreciation of the Beloved Christ concerning His lovers’ eyes and temples (S. of S. 4:1, 3). The Septuagint translation of the phrase "within your locks" is “in silence”. This emphasizes not only the matter of not being a public display, but to be quiet before Him and with Him. In such quietness with our lovely Beloved Christ, all our natural energy and selfish activity is put away. In this stillness we know He is God and see the salvation of our God at work (Isa. 46:10; Exo. 14:13).
- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (7/31/2017 5:39:34 PM)
The repeated kisses of love of the Beloved Christ upon the lips of His lover has made her lips “like a thread of scarlet” (S. of S. 1:2; 4:3). These repeated kisses of the Beloved Christ with abundant grace poured upon and flowing from His lips caused her lips to match His (Psa. 45:2; 2 Cor. 1:21; 1 John 2:20).
- Frank Pytel, "The Two Become One" (7/21/2017 6:37:55 AM)
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