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Song of Songs 4:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Awake, O north wind; and come, thou south; Blow upon my garden, that the spices thereof may flow out. Let my beloved come into his garden, And eat his precious fruits.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Awake, O north wind; and come, thou south; blow upon my garden, [that] the spices thereof may flow out. Let my beloved come into his garden, and eat his pleasant fruits.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Awake, O north [wind], And come, [wind of] the south; Make my garden breathe out [fragrance], Let its spices be wafted abroad. May my beloved come into his garden And eat its choice fruits!”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Awake, O north wind; and come, thou south; blow upon my garden, [that] its spices may flow out. Let my beloved come into his garden, and eat his pleasant fruits.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Awake, north wind, and come, [thou] south; Blow upon my garden, [that] the spices thereof may flow forth. Let my beloved come into his garden, And eat its precious fruits.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [SHE] Awake, O north wind, and come in, thou south, Fan my garden—its balsams, will flow out,—Let my beloved enter his garden, and eat his precious fruits.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Awake, O north wind, and come, O south, Cause my garden to breathe forth, its spices let flow, Let my beloved come to his garden, And eat its pleasant fruits!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Arise, O north wind, and come, O south wind, blow through my garden, and let the aromatical spices thereof flow.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Awake, O Northwinde, and come thou South, blow vpon my garden, [that] the spices thereof may flow out: let my beloued come into his garden, and eate his pleasant fruits.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Awake, O north wind; and come, O south; and blow through my garden, and let my spices flow out.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Awake, O north wind; and come, thou south; blow upon my garden, [that] the spices thereof may flow out. Let my beloved come into his garden, and eat his pleasant fruits.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Awake, 5782
{5782} Prime
עוּר
`uwr
{oor}
A primitive root (rather identical with H5783 through the idea of opening the eyes); to wake (literally or figuratively).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
O north x6828
(6828) Complement
צָפוֹן
tsaphown
{tsaw-fone'}
From H6845; properly hidden, that is, dark; used only of the north as a quarter (gloomy and unknown).
wind; y6828
[6828] Standard
צָפוֹן
tsaphown
{tsaw-fone'}
From H6845; properly hidden, that is, dark; used only of the north as a quarter (gloomy and unknown).
and come, 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
thou south; 8486
{8486} Prime
תֵּימָן
teyman
{tay-mawn'}
Denominative from H3225; the south (as being on the right hand of a person facing the east).
blow y6315
[6315] Standard
פּוּחַ
puwach
{poo'-akh}
A primitive root; to puff, that is, blow with the breath or air; hence to fan (as a breeze), to utter, to kindle (a fire), to scoff.
z8685
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
upon x6315
(6315) Complement
פּוּחַ
puwach
{poo'-akh}
A primitive root; to puff, that is, blow with the breath or air; hence to fan (as a breeze), to utter, to kindle (a fire), to scoff.
my garden, 1588
{1588} Prime
גָּן
gan
{gan}
From H1598; a garden (as fenced).
[that] the spices 1314
{1314} Prime
בֶּשֶׂם
besem
{beh'-sem}
From the same as H1313; fragrance; by implication spicery; also the balsam plant.
thereof may flow out. 5140
{5140} Prime
נזל
nazal
{naw-zal'}
A primitive root; to drip, or shed by trickling.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Let my beloved 1730
{1730} Prime
דּוֹד
dowd
{dode}
From an unused root meaning properly to boil, that is, (figuratively) to love; by implication a love token, lover, friend; specifically an uncle.
come 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
into his garden, 1588
{1588} Prime
גָּן
gan
{gan}
From H1598; a garden (as fenced).
and eat 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
his pleasant 4022
{4022} Prime
מֶגֶד
meged
{meh'-ghed}
From an unused root properly meaning to be eminent; properly a distinguished thing; hence something valuable, as a product or fruit.
fruits. 6529
{6529} Prime
פְּרִי
p@riy
{per-ee'}
From H6509; fruit (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 4:16

_ _ Awake — literally, “arise.” All besides is ready; one thing alone is wanted — the breath of God. This follows rightly after His death (Song of Songs 6:12; Acts 2:1-4). It is His call to the Spirit to come (John 14:16); in John 3:8, compared to “the wind”; quickening (John 6:63; Ezekiel 27:9). Saints offer the same prayer (Psalms 85:6; Habakkuk 3:2). The north wind “awakes,” or arises strongly, namely, the Holy Ghost as a reprover (John 16:8-11); the south wind “comes” gently, namely, the Holy Ghost as the comforter (John 14:16). The west wind brings rain from the sea (1 Kings 18:44, 1 Kings 18:45; Luke 12:54). The east wind is tempestuous (Job 27:21; Isaiah 27:8) and withering (Genesis 41:23). These, therefore, are not wanted; but first the north wind clearing the air (Job 37:22; Proverbs 25:23), and then the warm south wind (Job 37:17); so the Holy Ghost first clearing away mists of gloom, error, unbelief, sin, which intercept the light of Jesus Christ, then infusing spiritual warmth (2 Corinthians 4:6), causing the graces to exhale their odor.

_ _ Let my beloved, etc. — the bride’s reply. The fruit was now at length ripe; the last passover, which He had so desired, is come (Luke 22:7, Luke 22:15, Luke 22:16, Luke 22:18), the only occasion in which He took charge of the preparations.

_ _ his — answering to Jesus Christ’s “My.” She owns that the garden is His, and the fruits in her, which she does not in false humility deny (Psalms 66:16; Acts 21:19; 1 Corinthians 15:10) are His (John 15:8; Philippians 1:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 4:15-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 4:16

North wind — These winds may signify the several dispensations of God's spirit. My garden — This verse is spoken by the spouse. And he calls the garden both hers and his, because of that oneness which is between them, Song of Songs 2:16. May flow — That my graces may be exercised. Let — Let Christ afford his gracious presence to his church. And eat — And let him delight himself in that service which is given him, both by the religious worship, and by the holy conversation of his people.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Song of Songs 4:16

Awake, O (i) north wind; and come, thou south; blow upon my garden, [that] its spices may flow out. Let my beloved come into his garden, and eat his pleasant fruits.

(i) She desires Christ to comfort her and to pour the graces of his Spirit on her, which is meant by the North and South wind.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Awake:

Song of Songs 1:4 Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.
Ecclesiastes 1:6 The wind goeth toward the south, and turneth about unto the north; it whirleth about continually, and the wind returneth again according to his circuits.
Isaiah 51:9-11 Awake, awake, put on strength, O arm of the LORD; awake, as in the ancient days, in the generations of old. [Art] thou not it that hath cut Rahab, [and] wounded the dragon? ... Therefore the redeemed of the LORD shall return, and come with singing unto Zion; and everlasting joy [shall be] upon their head: they shall obtain gladness and joy; [and] sorrow and mourning shall flee away.
Isaiah 64:1 Oh that thou wouldest rend the heavens, that thou wouldest come down, that the mountains might flow down at thy presence,
Ezekiel 37:9 Then said he unto me, Prophesy unto the wind, prophesy, son of man, and say to the wind, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live.
John 3:8 The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit.
Acts 2:1-2 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. ... And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.
Acts 4:31 And when they had prayed, the place was shaken where they were assembled together; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they spake the word of God with boldness.

the spices:

Song of Songs 4:13-14 Thy plants [are] an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard, ... Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:
Song of Songs 7:12-13 Let us get up early to the vineyards; let us see if the vine flourish, [whether] the tender grape appear, [and] the pomegranates bud forth: there will I give thee my loves. ... The mandrakes give a smell, and at our gates [are] all manner of pleasant [fruits], new and old, [which] I have laid up for thee, O my beloved.
2 Corinthians 9:10-15 Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for [your] food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase the fruits of your righteousness;) ... Thanks [be] unto God for his unspeakable gift.
Philippians 1:9-11 And this I pray, that your love may abound yet more and more in knowledge and [in] all judgment; ... Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God.
Colossians 1:9-12 For this cause we also, since the day we heard [it], do not cease to pray for you, and to desire that ye might be filled with the knowledge of his will in all wisdom and spiritual understanding; ... Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light:
1 Thessalonians 2:12-13 That ye would walk worthy of God, who hath called you unto his kingdom and glory. ... For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received [it] not [as] the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe.
Hebrews 13:20-21 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, ... Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom [be] glory for ever and ever. Amen.
2 Peter 3:18 But grow in grace, and [in] the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him [be] glory both now and for ever. Amen.

Let:

Song of Songs 5:1 I am come into my garden, my sister, [my] spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk: eat, O friends; drink, yea, drink abundantly, O beloved.
Song of Songs 8:12 My vineyard, which [is] mine, [is] before me: thou, O Solomon, [must have] a thousand, and those that keep the fruit thereof two hundred.
Matthew 26:10 When Jesus understood [it], he said unto them, Why trouble ye the woman? for she hath wrought a good work upon me.
Matthew 26:12 For in that she hath poured this ointment on my body, she did [it] for my burial.
John 5:8 Jesus saith unto him, Rise, take up thy bed, and walk.
Romans 15:16 That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Ghost.
Romans 15:28 When therefore I have performed this, and have sealed to them this fruit, I will come by you into Spain.
1 Peter 2:5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.
1 Peter 2:9-10 But ye [are] a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light: ... Which in time past [were] not a people, but [are] now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ec 1:6. So 1:4; 4:13; 5:1; 7:12; 8:12. Is 51:9; 64:1. Ezk 37:9. Mt 26:10, 12. Jn 3:8; 5:8. Ac 2:1; 4:31. Ro 15:16, 28. 2Co 9:10. Php 1:9. Col 1:9. 1Th 2:12. He 13:20. 1P 2:5, 9. 2P 3:18.

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