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Song of Songs 4:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [Thou art] a fountain of gardens, A well of living waters, And flowing streams from Lebanon.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A fountain of gardens, a well of living waters, and streams from Lebanon.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “[You are] a garden spring, A well of fresh water, And streams [flowing] from Lebanon.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A fountain of gardens, a well of living waters, and streams from Lebanon.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A fountain in the gardens, A well of living waters, Which stream from Lebanon.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A garden fountain, a well of living waters,—and flowings from Lebanon.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A fount of gardens, a well of living waters, And flowings from Lebanon!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The fountain of gardens: the well of living waters, which run with a strong stream from Libanus.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A fountaine of gardens, a well of liuing waters, and streames from Lebanon.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— a fountain of a garden, and a well of water springing and gurgling from Lebanon{gr.Libanus}.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A fountain of gardens, a well of living waters, and streams from Levanon.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A fountain 4599
{4599} Prime
From H5869 (as a denominative in the sense of a spring); a fountain (also collectively), figuratively a source (of satisfaction).
of gardens, 1588
{1588} Prime
From H1598; a garden (as fenced).
a well 875
{0875} Prime
From H0874; a pit; especially a well.
of living 2416
{2416} Prime
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
waters, 4325
{4325} Prime
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
and streams 5140
{5140} Prime
A primitive root; to drip, or shed by trickling.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
from x4480
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Lvnn לְבָנוֹן. 3844
{3844} Prime
From H3825; (the) white mountain (from its snow); Lebanon, a mountain range in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 4:15

_ _ of — This pleasure-ground is not dependent on mere reservoirs; it has a fountain sufficient to water many “gardens” (plural).

_ _ living — (Jeremiah 17:8; John 4:13, John 4:14; John 7:38, John 7:39).

_ _ from Lebanon — Though the fountain is lowly, the source is lofty; fed by the perpetual snows of Lebanon, refreshingly cool (Jeremiah 18:14), fertilizing the gardens of Damascus. It springs upon earth; its source is heaven. It is now not “sealed,” but open “streams” (Revelation 22:17).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Song of Songs 4:15-16

_ _ These seem to be the words of the spouse, the church, in answer to the commendations which Christ, the bridegroom, had given of her as a pleasant fruitful garden. Is she a garden?

_ _ I. She owns her dependence upon Christ himself to make this garden fruitful. To him she has an eye (Song of Songs 4:15) as the fountain of gardens, not only the founder of them, by whom they are planted and to whom they owe their being, but the fountain of them, by which they are watered and to which they own their continuance and well-being, and without whose constant supplies they would soon become like the dry and barren wilderness. To him she gives all the glory of her fruitfulness, as being nothing without him: O fountain of gardens! fountain of all good, of all grace, do not thou fail me. Does a believer say to the church, All my springs are in thee, in thee, O Zion? (Psalms 87:7), the church transmits the praise to Christ, and says to him, All my springs are in thee; thou art the well of living waters (Jeremiah 2:13), out of which flow the streams of Lebanon, the river Jordan, which had its rise at the foot of Mount Lebanon, and the waters of the sanctuary, which issued out from under the threshold of the house, Ezekiel 47:1. Those that are gardens to Christ must acknowledge him a fountain to them, from whose fulness they receive and to whom it is owing that their souls are as a watered garden, Jeremiah 31:12. The city of God on earth is made glad with the river that flows from this fountain (Psalms 46:4), and the new Jerusalem has its pure river of water of life proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb, Revelation 22:1.

_ _ II. She implores the influences of the blessed Spirit to make this garden fragrant (Song of Songs 4:16): Awake, O north wind! and come, thou south. This is a prayer, 1. For the church in general, that there may be a plentiful effusion of the Spirit upon it, in order to its flourishing estate. Ministers' gifts are the spices; when the Spirit is poured out these flow forth, and then the wilderness becomes a fruitful field, Isaiah 32:15. This prayer was answered in the pouring out of the Spirit on the day of pentecost (Acts 2:1), ushered in by a mighty wind; then the apostles, who were bound up before, flowed forth, and were a sweet savour to God, 2 Corinthians 2:15. 2. For particular believers. Note, (1.) Sanctified souls are as gardens, gardens of the Lord, enclosed for him. (2.) Graces in the soul are as spices in these gardens, that in them which is valuable and useful. (3.) It is very desirable that the spices of grace should flow forth both in pious and devout affections and in holy gracious actions, that with them we may honour God, adorn our profession, and do that which will be grateful to good men. (4.) The blessed Spirit, in his operations upon the soul, is as the north and the south wind, which blows where it listeth, and from several points, John 3:8. There is the north wind of convictions, and the south wind of comforts; but all, like the wind, brought out of God's treasuries and fulfilling his word. (5.) The flowing forth of the spices of grace depends upon the gales of the Spirit; he stirs up good affections, and works in us both to will and to do that which is good; it is he that makes manifest the savour of his knowledge by us. (6.) We ought therefore to wait upon the Spirit of grace for his quickening influences, to pray for them, and to lay our souls under them. God has promised to give us his Spirit, but he will for this be enquired of.

_ _ III. She invites Christ to the best entertainment the garden affords: “Let my beloved then come into his garden and eat his pleasant fruits; let him have the honour of all the products of the garden (it is fit he should), and let me have the comfort of his acceptance of them, for that is the best account they can be made to turn to.” Observe, 1. She calls it his garden; for those that are espoused to Christ call nothing their own, but what they have devoted to him and desire to be used for him. When the spices flow forth then it is fit to be called his garden, and not till then. The fruits of the garden are his pleasant fruits, for he planted them, watered them, and gave the increase. What can we pretend to merit at Christ's hands when we can invite him to nothing but what is his own already? 2. She begs he would visit it, and accept of what it produced. The believer can take little pleasure in his garden, unless Christ, the beloved of his soul, come to him, nor have any joy of the fruits of it, unless they redound some way or other to the glory of Christ, and he will think all he has well bestowed upon him.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 4:15

Living water — Though my spouse be in some sort a fountain shut up, yet that is not so to be understood as if she kept her waters to herself, for she is like a fountain of living or running water, which flows into gardens, and makes its flowers and plants to flourish. The church conveys those waters of life which she receives from Christ to particular believers. Streams — Like those sweet and refreshing rivers which flow down from mount Lebanon, of which Jordan is one.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Song of Songs 4:15

(h) A fountain of gardens, a well of living waters, and streams from Lebanon.

(h) The Church confesses that all her glory and beauty comes from Christ who is the true fountain of all grace.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Song of Songs 4:12 A garden inclosed [is] my sister, [my] spouse; a spring shut up, a fountain sealed.
Ecclesiastes 2:6 I made me pools of water, to water therewith the wood that bringeth forth trees:

a well:

Psalms 36:8-9 They shall be abundantly satisfied with the fatness of thy house; and thou shalt make them drink of the river of thy pleasures. ... For with thee [is] the fountain of life: in thy light shall we see light.
Psalms 46:4 [There is] a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God, the holy [place] of the tabernacles of the most High.
Jeremiah 2:13 For my people have committed two evils; they have forsaken me the fountain of living waters, [and] hewed them out cisterns, broken cisterns, that can hold no water.
Jeremiah 17:13 O LORD, the hope of Israel, all that forsake thee shall be ashamed, [and] they that depart from me shall be written in the earth, because they have forsaken the LORD, the fountain of living waters.
John 4:10 Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.
John 4:14 But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.
John 7:38 He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.
Revelation 22:1 And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.


Jeremiah 18:13-14 Therefore thus saith the LORD; Ask ye now among the heathen, who hath heard such things: the virgin of Israel hath done a very horrible thing. ... Will [a man] leave the snow of Lebanon [which cometh] from the rock of the field? [or] shall the cold flowing waters that come from another place be forsaken?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 36:8; 46:4. Ec 2:6. So 4:12. Jr 2:13; 17:13; 18:13. Jn 4:10, 14; 7:38. Rv 22:1.

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