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Song of Songs 4:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Spikenard and saffron, Calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; Myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, With all the trees of frankincense, Myrrh and aloes, along with all the finest spices.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Spikenard and saffron; Calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; Myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Nard and saffron, sweet cane and cinnamon, with all woods of frankincense,—myrrh and aloes, with all the chiefs of spices:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Cypresses with nard—nard and saffron, Cane and cinnamon, With all trees of frankincense, Myrrh and aloes, with all chief spices.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Spikenard and saffron, sweet cane and cinnamon, with all the trees of Libanus, myrrh and aloes with all the chief perfumes.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Spikenard and Saffron, Calamus and Cynamom, with all trees of Frankincense, Mirrhe and Aloes, with all the chiefe spices.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— spikenard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon; with all woods of Lebanon{gr.Libanus}, myrrh, aloes, with all chief spices:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Spikenard 5373
{5373} Prime
נֵרְדְּ
nerd
{nayrd}
Of foreign origin; nard, an aromatic.
and saffron; 3750
{3750} Prime
כַּרְכֹּם
karkom
{kar-kome'}
Probably of foreign origin; the crocus.
calamus 7070
{7070} Prime
קָנֶה
qaneh
{kaw-neh'}
From H7069; a reed (as erect); by resemblance a rod (especially for measuring), shaft, tube, stem, the radius (of the arm), beam (of a steelyard).
and cinnamon, 7076
{7076} Prime
קִנָּמוֹן
qinnamown
{kin-naw-mone'}
From an unused root (meaning to erect); cinnamon bark (as in upright rolls).
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
trees 6086
{6086} Prime
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
of frankincense; 3828
{3828} Prime
לְבוֹנָה
l@bownah
{leb-o-naw'}
From H3826; frankincense (from its whiteness or perhaps that of its smoke).
myrrh 4753
{4753} Prime
מֹר
more
{mor}
From H4843; myrrh (as distilling in drops, and also as bitter).
and aloes, 174
{0174} Prime
אֲהָלִים
'ahaliym
{a-haw-leem'}
(The second form, which is feminine, is used only in the plural); of foreign origin; aloe wood (that is, sticks).
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the chief 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
spices: 1314
{1314} Prime
בֶּשֶׂם
besem
{beh'-sem}
From the same as H1313; fragrance; by implication spicery; also the balsam plant.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 4:14

_ _ calamus — “sweet cane” (Exodus 30:23; Jeremiah 6:20).

_ _ myrrh and aloes — Ointments are associated with His death, as well as with feasts (John 12:7). The bride’s ministry of “myrrh and aloes” is recorded (John 19:39).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 4:8-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 4:14

All trees — Such trees as produce frankincense.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
calamus:

Exodus 30:23 Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred [shekels], and of sweet cinnamon half so much, [even] two hundred and fifty [shekels], and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty [shekels],
Ezekiel 27:19 Dan also and Javan going to and fro occupied in thy fairs: bright iron, cassia, and calamus, were in thy market.

cinnamon:

Proverbs 7:17 I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon.
Revelation 18:13 And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men.

trees:

Song of Songs 4:6 Until the day break, and the shadows flee away, I will get me to the mountain of myrrh, and to the hill of frankincense.
Song of Songs 5:1 I am come into my garden, my sister, [my] spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk: eat, O friends; drink, yea, drink abundantly, O beloved.
Numbers 24:6 As the valleys are they spread forth, as gardens by the river's side, as the trees of lign aloes which the LORD hath planted, [and] as cedar trees beside the waters.

the chief:

Song of Songs 6:2 My beloved is gone down into his garden, to the beds of spices, to feed in the gardens, and to gather lilies.
Genesis 43:11 And their father Israel said unto them, If [it must be] so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds:
1 Kings 10:10 And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices very great store, and precious stones: there came no more such abundance of spices as these which the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon.
2 Chronicles 9:9 And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices great abundance, and precious stones: neither was there any such spice as the queen of Sheba gave king Solomon.
Mark 16:1 And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the [mother] of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 43:11. Ex 30:23. Nu 24:6. 1K 10:10. 2Ch 9:9. Pv 7:17. So 4:6; 5:1; 6:2. Ezk 27:19. Mk 16:1. Rv 18:13.

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