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Song of Songs 4:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thy shoots are an orchard of pomegranates, with precious fruits; Henna with spikenard plants,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thy plants [are] an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Your shoots are an orchard of pomegranates With choice fruits, henna with nard plants,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thy plants [are] an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphor, with spikenard,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thy shoots are a paradise of pomegranates, with precious fruits; Henna with spikenard plants;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thy buddings forth, are a paradise of pomegranates, with precious fruits,—henna bushes, with nard blossoms:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thy shoots a paradise of pomegranates, With precious fruits,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thy plants are a paradise of pomegranates with the fruits of the orchard. Cypress with spikenard.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thy plants [are] an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits, Camphire, with Spikenaed,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thy shoots are a garden of pomegranates, with the fruit of choice berries; camphor, with spikenard:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thy plants [are] an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thy plants 7973
{7973} Prime
שֶׁלַח
shelach
{sheh'-lakh}
From H7971; a missile of attack, that is, spear; also (figuratively) a shoot of growth, that is, branch.
[are] an orchard 6508
{6508} Prime
פַּרְדֵּס
pardec
{par-dace'}
Of foreign origin; a park.
of pomegranates, 7416
{7416} Prime
רִמּוֹן
rimmown
{rim-mone'}
From H7426; a pomegranate, the tree (from its upright growth) or the fruit (also an artificial ornament).
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
pleasant 4022
{4022} Prime
מֶגֶד
meged
{meh'-ghed}
From an unused root properly meaning to be eminent; properly a distinguished thing; hence something valuable, as a product or fruit.
fruits; 6529
{6529} Prime
פְּרִי
p@riy
{per-ee'}
From H6509; fruit (literally or figuratively).
camphire, 3724
{3724} Prime
כֹּפֶר
kopher
{ko'-fer}
From H3722; properly a cover, that is, (literally) a village (as covered in); (specifically) bitumen (as used for coating), and the henna plant (as used for dyeing); figuratively a redemption price.
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
spikenard, 5373
{5373} Prime
נֵרְדְּ
nerd
{nayrd}
Of foreign origin; nard, an aromatic.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 4:13

_ _ orchardHebrew, “a paradise,” that is, a pleasure-ground and orchard. Not only flowers, but fruit trees (John 15:8; Philippians 1:11).

_ _ camphire — not camphor (Song of Songs 1:14), hennah, or cypress blooms.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 4:8-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 4:13

Plants — Believers, which are planted in thee, are like the plants or fruits of an orchard, which are pleasant to the eye, and delicious to the taste or smell, whereby he signifies the variety and excellency of the gifts and graces in the several members of the church. Spikenard — Which he mentions here with camphire, and in the next verse with saffron, because it is mixed with both these, and being so mixed, yields. the more grateful smell.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
are:

Song of Songs 6:11 I went down into the garden of nuts to see the fruits of the valley, [and] to see whether the vine flourished, [and] the pomegranates budded.
Song of Songs 7:12 Let us get up early to the vineyards; let us see if the vine flourish, [whether] the tender grape appear, [and] the pomegranates bud forth: there will I give thee my loves.
Song of Songs 8:2 I would lead thee, [and] bring thee into my mother's house, [who] would instruct me: I would cause thee to drink of spiced wine of the juice of my pomegranate.
Psalms 92:14 They shall still bring forth fruit in old age; they shall be fat and flourishing;
Ecclesiastes 2:5 I made me gardens and orchards, and I planted trees in them of all [kind of] fruits:
Isaiah 60:21 Thy people also [shall be] all righteous: they shall inherit the land for ever, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I may be glorified.
Isaiah 61:11 For as the earth bringeth forth her bud, and as the garden causeth the things that are sown in it to spring forth; so the Lord GOD will cause righteousness and praise to spring forth before all the nations.
John 15:1-3 I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman. ... Now ye are clean through the word which I have spoken unto you.
Philippians 1:11 Being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto the glory and praise of God.

pleasant:

Song of Songs 6:2 My beloved is gone down into his garden, to the beds of spices, to feed in the gardens, and to gather lilies.

camphire:
or, cypress,
Song of Songs 4:14 Spikenard and saffron; calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices:
Song of Songs 1:14 My beloved [is] unto me [as] a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of Engedi.

spikenard:

Song of Songs 1:12 While the king [sitteth] at his table, my spikenard sendeth forth the smell thereof.
Mark 14:3 And being in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at meat, there came a woman having an alabaster box of ointment of spikenard very precious; and she brake the box, and poured [it] on his head.
John 12:3 Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 92:14. Ec 2:5. So 1:12, 14; 4:14; 6:2, 11; 7:12; 8:2. Is 60:21; 61:11. Mk 14:3. Jn 12:3; 15:1. Php 1:11.

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