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Song of Songs 4:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— A garden shut up is my sister, [my] bride; A spring shut up, a fountain sealed.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A garden inclosed [is] my sister, [my] spouse; a spring shut up, a fountain sealed.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “A garden locked is my sister, [my] bride, A rock garden locked, a spring sealed up.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A garden inclosed [is] my sister, [my] spouse; a spring shut up, a fountain sealed.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A garden enclosed is my sister, [my] spouse; A spring shut up, a fountain sealed.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A garden barred, is my sister, bride,—a spring barred, a fountain sealed:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A garden shut up [is] my sister-spouse, A spring shut up—a fountain sealed.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— My sister, my spouse, is a garden enclosed, a garden enclosed, a fountain sealed up.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A garden inclosed is my sister, [my] spouse: a spring shut vp, a fountaine sealed.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— My sister, [my] spouse is a garden enclosed; a garden enclosed, a fountain sealed.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A garden inclosed [is] my sister, [my] spouse; a spring shut up, a fountain sealed.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A garden 1588
{1588} Prime
גָּן
gan
{gan}
From H1598; a garden (as fenced).
inclosed 5274
{5274} Prime
נָעַל
na`al
{naw-al'}
A primitive root; properly to fasten up, that is, with a bar or cord; hence (denominatively from H5275), to sandal, that is, furnish with slippers.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
[is] my sister, 269
{0269} Prime
אָחוֹת
'achowth
{aw-khoth'}
Irregular feminine of H0251; a sister (used very widely (like H0250), literally and figuratively).
[my] spouse; 3618
{3618} Prime
כַּלָּה
kallah
{kal-law'}
From H3634; a bride (as if perfect); hence a son's wife.
a spring 1530
{1530} Prime
גַּל
gal
{gal}
From H1556; something rolled, that is, a heap of stone or dung (plural ruins); by analogy a spring of water (plural waves).
shut up, 5274
{5274} Prime
נָעַל
na`al
{naw-al'}
A primitive root; properly to fasten up, that is, with a bar or cord; hence (denominatively from H5275), to sandal, that is, furnish with slippers.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
a fountain 4599
{4599} Prime
מַעְיָן
ma`yan
{mah-yawn'}
From H5869 (as a denominative in the sense of a spring); a fountain (also collectively), figuratively a source (of satisfaction).
sealed. 2856
{2856} Prime
חָתַם
chatham
{khaw-tham'}
A primitive root; to close up; especially to seal.
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 4:12

_ _ The Hebrew has no “is.” Here she is distinct from the garden (Song of Songs 5:1), yet identified with it (Song of Songs 4:16) as being one with Him in His sufferings. Historically the Paradise, into which the soul of Jesus Christ entered at death; and the tomb of Joseph, in which His body was laid amid “myrrh,” etc. (Song of Songs 4:6), situated in a nicely kept garden (compare “gardener,” John 20:15); “sealed” with a stone (Matthew 27:66); in which it resembles “wells” in the East (Genesis 29:3, Genesis 29:8). It was in a garden of light Adam fell; in a garden of darkness, Gethsemane, and chiefly that of the tomb, the second Adam retrieved us. Spiritually the garden is the gospel kingdom of heaven. Here all is ripe; previously (Song of Songs 2:13) it was “the tender grape.” The garden is His, though He calls the plants hers (Song of Songs 4:13) by His gift (Isaiah 61:3, end).

_ _ spring ... fountain — Jesus Christ (John 4:10) sealed, while He was in the sealed tomb: it poured forth its full tide on Pentecost (John 7:37-39). Still He is a sealed fountain until the Holy Ghost opens it to one (1 Corinthians 12:3). The Church also is “a garden enclosed” (Psalms 4:3; Isaiah 5:1, etc.). Contrast Psalms 80:9-12. So “a spring” (Isaiah 27:3; Isaiah 58:11); “sealed” (Ephesians 4:30; 2 Timothy 2:19). As wives in the East are secluded from public gaze, so believers (Psalms 83:3; Colossians 3:3). Contrast the open streams which “pass away” (Job 6:15-18; 2 Peter 2:17).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 4:8-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 4:12

A garden — For order and beauty, for pleasant walks, and flowers, and fruits. Inclosed — Defended by the care of my providence: and reserved for my proper use. Shut up — To preserve it from all pollution, and to reserve it for the use of its owner, for which reason, springs were shut up in those countries where water was scarce and precious.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
garden:

Song of Songs 6:2 My beloved is gone down into his garden, to the beds of spices, to feed in the gardens, and to gather lilies.
Song of Songs 6:11 I went down into the garden of nuts to see the fruits of the valley, [and] to see whether the vine flourished, [and] the pomegranates budded.
Proverbs 5:15-18 Drink waters out of thine own cistern, and running waters out of thine own well. ... Let thy fountain be blessed: and rejoice with the wife of thy youth.
Isaiah 58:11 And the LORD shall guide thee continually, and satisfy thy soul in drought, and make fat thy bones: and thou shalt be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water, whose waters fail not.
Isaiah 61:10-11 I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh [himself] with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth [herself] with her jewels. ... For as the earth bringeth forth her bud, and as the garden causeth the things that are sown in it to spring forth; so the Lord GOD will cause righteousness and praise to spring forth before all the nations.
Jeremiah 31:12 Therefore they shall come and sing in the height of Zion, and shall flow together to the goodness of the LORD, for wheat, and for wine, and for oil, and for the young of the flock and of the herd: and their soul shall be as a watered garden; and they shall not sorrow any more at all.
Hosea 6:3 Then shall we know, [if] we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter [and] former rain unto the earth.
1 Corinthians 6:13 Meats for the belly, and the belly for meats: but God shall destroy both it and them. Now the body [is] not for fornication, but for the Lord; and the Lord for the body.
1 Corinthians 6:19-20 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost [which is] in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? ... For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.
1 Corinthians 7:34 There is difference [also] between a wife and a virgin. The unmarried woman careth for the things of the Lord, that she may be holy both in body and in spirit: but she that is married careth for the things of the world, how she may please [her] husband.
Revelation 21:27 And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither [whatsoever] worketh abomination, or [maketh] a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb's book of life.

enclosed:
Heb. barred

sealed:

2 Corinthians 1:22 Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
Ephesians 1:13 In whom ye also [trusted], after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,
Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.
Revelation 7:3 Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Pv 5:15. So 6:2, 11. Is 58:11; 61:10. Jr 31:12. Ho 6:3. 1Co 6:13, 19; 7:34. 2Co 1:22. Ep 1:13; 4:30. Rv 7:3; 21:27.

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