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Song of Songs 4:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— How fair is thy love, my sister, [my] bride! How much better is thy love than wine! And the fragrance of thine oils than all manner of spices!
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— How fair is thy love, my sister, [my] spouse! how much better is thy love than wine! and the smell of thine ointments than all spices!
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “How beautiful is your love, my sister, [my] bride! How much better is your love than wine, And the fragrance of your oils Than all [kinds] of spices!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— How fair is thy love, my sister, [my] spouse! how much better is thy love than wine! and the smell of thy ointments than all spices!
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— How fair is thy love, my sister, [my] spouse! How much better is thy love than wine! And the fragrance of thine ointments than all spices!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— How beautiful are thy caresses, my sister, bride,—how much more delightful thy caresses, than wine, and the fragrance of thine oils, than all spices:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— How wonderful have been thy loves, my sister-spouse, How much better have been thy loves than wine, And the fragrance of thy perfumes than all spices.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— How beautiful are thy breasts, my sister, my spouse! thy breasts are more beautiful than wine, and the sweet smell of thy ointments above all aromatical spices.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— How faire is thy loue, my sister, [my] spouse! how much better is thy loue then wine! and the smell of thine oyntments then all spices!
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— How beautiful are thy breasts, my sister, my spouse! how much more beautiful are thy breasts than wine, and the smell of thy garments than all spices!
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— How fair is thy love, my sister, [my] spouse! how much better is thy love than wine! and the smell of thine ointments than all spices!

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
How x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
fair 3302
{3302} Prime
יָפָה
yaphah
{yaw-faw'}
A primitive root; properly to be bright, that is, (by implication) beautiful.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
is thy love, 1730
{1730} Prime
דּוֹד
dowd
{dode}
From an unused root meaning properly to boil, that is, (figuratively) to love; by implication a love token, lover, friend; specifically an uncle.
my sister, 269
{0269} Prime
אָחוֹת
'achowth
{aw-khoth'}
Irregular feminine of H0251; a sister (used very widely (like H0250), literally and figuratively).
[my] spouse! 3618
{3618} Prime
כַּלָּה
kallah
{kal-law'}
From H3634; a bride (as if perfect); hence a son's wife.
how x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
much better 2895
{2895} Prime
טוֹב
towb
{tobe}
A primitive root, to be (transitively do or make) good (or well) in the widest sense.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
is thy love 1730
{1730} Prime
דּוֹד
dowd
{dode}
From an unused root meaning properly to boil, that is, (figuratively) to love; by implication a love token, lover, friend; specifically an uncle.
than wine! 3196
{3196} Prime
יַיִן
yayin
{yah'-yin}
From an unused root meaning to effervesce; wine (as fermented); by implication intoxication.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and the smell 7381
{7381} Prime
רֵיחַ
reyach
{ray'-akh}
From H7306; odor (as if blown).
of thine ointments 8081
{8081} Prime
שֶׁמֶן
shemen
{sheh'-men}
From H8080; grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); figuratively richness.
than all x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
spices! 1314
{1314} Prime
בֶּשֶׂם
besem
{beh'-sem}
From the same as H1313; fragrance; by implication spicery; also the balsam plant.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 4:10

_ _ loveHebrew, “loves”; manifold tokens of thy love.

_ _ much better — answering to her “better” (Song of Songs 1:2), but with increased force. An Amoebean pastoral character pervades the Song, like the classic Amoebean idylls and eclogues.

_ _ wine — The love of His saints is a more reviving cordial to Him than wine; for example, at the feast in Simon’s house (Luke 7:36, Luke 7:47; John 4:32; compare Zechariah 10:7).

_ _ smell of ... ointments than all spices — answering to her praise (Song of Songs 1:3) with increased force. Fragrant, as being fruits of His Spirit in us (Galatians 5:22).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 4:8-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 4:10

Fair — How amiable and acceptable to me. Ointments — Of the gifts and graces of God's Spirit, wherewith thou art anointed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
love:
Heb. loves,
Song of Songs 1:2 Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love [is] better than wine.
*marg.

how much:

Song of Songs 1:2 Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love [is] better than wine.
Song of Songs 1:4 Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.

the smell:

Song of Songs 1:3 Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name [is as] ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.
Song of Songs 1:12 While the king [sitteth] at his table, my spikenard sendeth forth the smell thereof.
Song of Songs 3:6 Who [is] this that cometh out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of the merchant?
Song of Songs 5:5 I rose up to open to my beloved; and my hands dropped [with] myrrh, and my fingers [with] sweet smelling myrrh, upon the handles of the lock.
2 Corinthians 1:21-22 Now he which stablisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed us, [is] God; ... Who hath also sealed us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
Galatians 5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
Philippians 4:18 But I have all, and abound: I am full, having received of Epaphroditus the things [which were sent] from you, an odour of a sweet smell, a sacrifice acceptable, wellpleasing to God.
Revelation 5:8 And when he had taken the book, the four beasts and four [and] twenty elders fell down before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials full of odours, which are the prayers of saints.
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So 1:2, 3, 4, 12; 3:6; 5:5. 2Co 1:21. Ga 5:22. Php 4:18. Rv 5:8.

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