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Song of Songs 3:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They all handle the sword, [and] are expert in war: Every man hath his sword upon his thigh, Because of fear in the night.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They all hold swords, [being] expert in war: every man [hath] his sword upon his thigh because of fear in the night.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “All of them are wielders of the sword, Expert in war; Each man has his sword at his side, [Guarding] against the terrors of the night.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They all hold swords, [being] expert in war: every man [hath] his sword upon his thigh because of fear in the night.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They all hold the sword, Experts in war; Each hath his sword upon his thigh Because of alarm in the nights.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— All of them, grasping the sword, trained for war,—every man, with his sword upon his thigh, because of dread, in the night-time.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— All of them holding sword, taught of battle, Each his sword by his thigh, for fear at night.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— All holding swords, and most expert in war: every man's sword upon his thigh, because of fears in the night.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They all hold swords, being expert in warre: Euery man [hath] his sword vpon his thigh, because of feare in the night.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— They all hold a sword, being expert in war: every man [has] his sword upon his thigh because of fear by night.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They all hold swords, [being] expert in war: every man [hath] his sword upon his thigh because of fear in the night.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
hold 270
{0270} Prime
אָחַז
'achaz
{aw-khaz'}
A primitive root; to seize (often with the accessory idea of holding in possession).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
swords, 2719
{2719} Prime
חֶרֶב
chereb
{kheh'-reb}
From H2717; drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement.
[being] expert 3925
{3925} Prime
לָמַד
lamad
{law-mad'}
A primitive root; properly to goad, that is, (by implication) to teach (the rod being an Oriental incentive).
z8794
<8794> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 194
in war: 4421
{4421} Prime
מִלְחָמָה
milchamah
{mil-khaw-maw'}
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
every man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
[hath] his sword 2719
{2719} Prime
חֶרֶב
chereb
{kheh'-reb}
From H2717; drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
his thigh 3409
{3409} Prime
יָרֵךְ
yarek
{yaw-rake'}
From an unused root meaning to be soft; the thigh (from its fleshy softness); by euphemism the generative parts; figuratively a shank, flank, side.
because of fear 6343
{6343} Prime
פַּחַד
pachad
{pakh'-ad}
From H6342; a (sudden) alarm (properly the object feared, by implication the feeling).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
in the night. 3915
{3915} Prime
לַיִל
layil
{lah'-yil}
From the same as H3883; properly a twist (away of the light), that is, night; figuratively adversity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 3:8

_ _ hold — not actually grasping them, but having them girt on the thigh ready for use, like their Lord (Psalms 45:3). So believers too are guarded by angels (Psalms 91:11; Hebrews 1:14), and they themselves need “every man” (Nehemiah 4:18) to be armed (Psalms 144:1, Psalms 144:2; 2 Corinthians 10:4; Ephesians 6:12, Ephesians 6:17; 1 Timothy 6:12), and “expert” (2 Corinthians 2:11).

_ _ because of fear in the night — Arab marauders often turn a wedding into mourning by a night attack. So the bridal procession of saints in the night of this wilderness is the chief object of Satan’s assault.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 3:7-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 3:8

Every man — Is prepared and ready to fight, to prevent those dangers which are frequent in the night season. The night may denote the whole time of this life, which may well be called night in respect of that ignorance and error wherewith it is attended, (as the future life is compared to day) this life being the only time wherein such a guard is necessary.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Song of Songs 3:8

They all hold swords, [being] expert in war: every man [hath] his sword upon his thigh because of fear (g) in the night.

(g) He alludes to the watch which kept the temple.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
all:

Psalms 45:3 Gird thy sword upon [thy] thigh, O [most] mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty.
Psalms 149:5-9 Let the saints be joyful in glory: let them sing aloud upon their beds. ... To execute upon them the judgment written: this honour have all his saints. Praise ye the LORD.
Isaiah 27:3 I the LORD do keep it; I will water it every moment: lest [any] hurt it, I will keep it night and day.
Ephesians 6:16-18 Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked. ... Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all saints;

because:

Nehemiah 4:21-22 So we laboured in the work: and half of them held the spears from the rising of the morning till the stars appeared. ... Likewise at the same time said I unto the people, Let every one with his servant lodge within Jerusalem, that in the night they may be a guard to us, and labour on the day.
1 Thessalonians 5:6-8 Therefore let us not sleep, as [do] others; but let us watch and be sober. ... But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ne 4:21. Ps 45:3; 149:5. Is 27:3. Ep 6:16. 1Th 5:6.

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