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Song of Songs 3:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [I said], I will rise now, and go about the city; In the streets and in the broad ways I will seek him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found him not.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I will rise now, and go about the city in the streets, and in the broad ways I will seek him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found him not.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘I must arise now and go about the city; In the streets and in the squares I must seek him whom my soul loves.’ I sought him but did not find him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I will rise now, and go about the city in the streets, and in the broad ways I will seek him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found him not.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I will rise now, and go about the city; In the streets and in the broadways Will I seek him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found him not.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Come! I must arise, and go about in the city, In the paths and in the broadways, I must seek the beloved of my soul,—I sought him, but found him not.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— —Pray, let me rise, and go round the city, In the streets and in the broad places, I seek him whom my soul hath loved!—I sought him, and I found him not.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I will rise, and will go about the city: in the streets and the broad ways I will seek him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, and I found him not.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I will rise now, and goe about the citie in the streets, and in the broad wayes I will seeke him whom my soule loueth: I sought him, but I found him not.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I will rise now, and go about in the city, in the market-places, and in the streets, and I will seek him whom my soul loves: I sought him, but I found him not.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I will rise now, and go about the city in the streets, and in the broad ways I will seek him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found him not.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I will rise 6965
{6965} Prime
קוּם
quwm
{koom}
A primitive root; to rise (in various applications, literally, figuratively, intensively and causatively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
now, x4994
(4994) Complement
נָא
na'
{naw}
A primitive particle of incitement and entreaty, which may usually be rendered I pray, now or then; added mostly to verbs (in the imperative or future), or to interjections, occasionally to an adverb or conjugation.
and go about 5437
{5437} Prime
סָבַב
cabab
{saw-bab'}
A primitive root; to revolve, surround or border; used in various applications, literally and figuratively.
z8779
<8779> Grammar
Stem - Poel (See H8845)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 29
the city 5892
{5892} Prime
עִיר
`iyr
{eer}
From H5782 a city (a place guarded by waking or a watch) in the widest sense (even of a mere encampment or post).
in the streets, 7784
{7784} Prime
שׁוּק
shuwq
{shook}
From H7783; a street (as run over).
and in the broad ways 7339
{7339} Prime
רְחֹב
r@chob
{rekh-obe'}
From H7337; a width, that is, (concretely) avenue or area.
I will seek 1245
{1245} Prime
בּקשׁ
baqash
{baw-kash'}
A primitive root; to search out (by any method; specifically in worship or prayer); by implication to strive after.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
him whom my soul 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
loveth: 157
{0157} Prime
אָהַב
'ahab
{aw-hab'}
A primitive root; to have affection for (sexually or otherwise).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
I sought 1245
{1245} Prime
בּקשׁ
baqash
{baw-kash'}
A primitive root; to search out (by any method; specifically in worship or prayer); by implication to strive after.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
him, but I found 4672
{4672} Prime
מָצָא
matsa'
{maw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; properly to come forth to, that is, appear or exist; transitively to attain, that is, find or acquire; figuratively to occur, meet or be present.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
him not. x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 3:2

_ _ Wholly awake for God (Luke 14:18-20; Ephesians 5:14). “An honest resolution is often to (the doing of) duty, like a needle that draws the thread after it” [Durham]. Not a mere wish, that counts not the cost — to leave her easy bed, and wander in the dark night seeking Him (Proverbs 13:4; Matthew 21:30; Luke 14:27-33).

_ _ the city — Jerusalem, literally (Matthew 3:5; John 1:19), and spiritually the Church here (Hebrews 12:22), in glory (Revelation 21:2).

_ _ broad ways — open spaces at the gates of Eastern cities, where the public assembled for business. So, the assemblies of worshippers (Song of Songs 8:2, Song of Songs 8:3; Proverbs 1:20-23; Hebrews 10:25). She had in her first awakening shrunk from them, seeking Jesus Christ alone; but she was desired to seek the footsteps of the flock (Song of Songs 1:8), so now in her second trial she goes forth to them of herself. “The more the soul grows in grace, and the less it leans on ordinances, the more it prizes and profits by them” [Moody Stuart] (Psalms 73:16, Psalms 73:17).

_ _ found him not — Nothing short of Jesus Christ can satisfy her (Job 23:8-10; Psalms 63:1, Psalms 63:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 3:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 3:2

The city — The city of God, the church in which Christ resides. Broadways — Not finding him in private prayer, and meditation, I sought him in the places of public assemblies and ordinances. Found not — He saw fit still to delay the discoveries of his grace.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Song of Songs 3:2

I will rise now, and go about the city in the streets, and in the broad ways I will (b) seek him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found him not.

(b) Showing that although we are not heard at first, yet we must still continue in prayer, till we feel comfort.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
will rise:

Song of Songs 5:5 I rose up to open to my beloved; and my hands dropped [with] myrrh, and my fingers [with] sweet smelling myrrh, upon the handles of the lock.
Isaiah 64:7 And [there is] none that calleth upon thy name, that stirreth up himself to take hold of thee: for thou hast hid thy face from us, and hast consumed us, because of our iniquities.
John 1:6 There was a man sent from God, whose name [was] John.
Matthew 26:40-41 And he cometh unto the disciples, and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter, What, could ye not watch with me one hour? ... Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed [is] willing, but the flesh [is] weak.
Romans 13:11 And that, knowing the time, that now [it is] high time to awake out of sleep: for now [is] our salvation nearer than when we believed.
1 Corinthians 15:34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak [this] to your shame.
Ephesians 5:14 Wherefore he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.

the streets:

Proverbs 1:20-21 Wisdom crieth without; she uttereth her voice in the streets: ... She crieth in the chief place of concourse, in the openings of the gates: in the city she uttereth her words, [saying],
Proverbs 8:2-3 She standeth in the top of high places, by the way in the places of the paths. ... She crieth at the gates, at the entry of the city, at the coming in at the doors.
Proverbs 8:34 Blessed [is] the man that heareth me, watching daily at my gates, waiting at the posts of my doors.
Luke 14:21-23 So that servant came, and shewed his lord these things. Then the master of the house being angry said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind. ... And the lord said unto the servant, Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel [them] to come in, that my house may be filled.

I sought:

Psalms 22:1-2 [[To the chief Musician upon Aijeleth Shahar, A Psalm of David.]] My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? [why art thou so] far from helping me, [and from] the words of my roaring? ... O my God, I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest not; and in the night season, and am not silent.
Psalms 42:7-9 Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterspouts: all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me. ... I will say unto God my rock, Why hast thou forgotten me? why go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?
Psalms 43:2-5 For thou [art] the God of my strength: why dost thou cast me off? why go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy? ... Why art thou cast down, O my soul? and why art thou disquieted within me? hope in God: for I shall yet praise him, [who is] the health of my countenance, and my God.
Psalms 77:7-10 Will the Lord cast off for ever? and will he be favourable no more? ... And I said, This [is] my infirmity: [but I will remember] the years of the right hand of the most High.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 22:1; 42:7; 43:2; 77:7. Pv 1:20; 8:2, 34. So 5:5. Is 64:7. Mt 26:40. Lk 14:21. Jn 1:6. Ro 13:11. 1Co 15:34. Ep 5:14.

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