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Song of Songs 3:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He made the pillars thereof of silver, The bottom thereof of gold, the seat of it of purple, The midst thereof being paved with love, From the daughters of Jerusalem.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He made the pillars thereof [of] silver, the bottom thereof [of] gold, the covering of it [of] purple, the midst thereof being paved [with] love, for the daughters of Jerusalem.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “He made its posts of silver, Its back of gold [And] its seat of purple fabric, [With] its interior lovingly fitted out By the daughters of Jerusalem.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He made its pillars [of] silver, the bottom of it [of] gold, the covering of it [of] purple, the midst of it being paved [with] love, for the daughters of Jerusalem.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Its pillars he made of silver, Its support of gold, Its seat of purple; The midst thereof was paved [with] love By the daughters of Jerusalem.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The supports thereof, made he of silver, the couch thereof, of gold, the seat thereof, of purple,—the midst thereof, hath an inlay of love from the daughters of Jerusalem.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Its pillars he made of silver, Its bottom of gold, its seat of purple, Its midst lined [with] love, By the daughters of Jerusalem.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The pillars thereof he made of silver, the seat of gold, the going up of purple: the midst he covered with charity for the daughters of Jerusalem.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He made the pillars thereof of siluer, the bottome thereof of gold, the couering of it, of purple; the midst thereof being paued [with] loue, for the daughters of Ierusalem.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He made the pillars of it silver, the bottom of it gold, the covering of it scarlet, in the midst of it a pavement of love, for the daughters of Jerusalem.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He made the pillars thereof [of] silver, the bottom thereof [of] gold, the covering of it [of] purple, the midst thereof being paved [with] love, for the daughters of Yerushalaim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He made 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the pillars 5982
{5982} Prime
עַמּוּד
`ammuwd
{am-mood'}
From H5975; a column (as standing); also a stand, that is, platform.
thereof [of] silver, 3701
{3701} Prime
כֶּסֶף
keceph
{keh'-sef}
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
the bottom 7507
{7507} Prime
רְפִידָה
r@phiydah
{ref-ee-daw'}
From H7502; a railing (as spread along).
thereof [of] gold, 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
the covering 4817
{4817} Prime
מֶרְכָּב
merkab
{mer-kawb'}
From H7392; a chariot; also a seat (in a vehicle).
of it [of] purple, 713
{0713} Prime
אַרְגָּמָן
'argaman
{ar-gaw-mawn'}
Of foreign origin; purple (the color or the dyed stuff).
the midst 8432
{8432} Prime
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
thereof being paved 7528
{7528} Prime
רָצַף
ratsaph
{raw-tsaf'}
A denominative from H7529; to tessellate, that is, embroider (as if with bright stones).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
[with] love, 160
{0160} Prime
אַהֲבָה
'ahabah
{a-hab-aw'}
Feminine of H0158 and meaning the same.
for the daughters 1323
{1323} Prime
בַּת
bath
{bath}
From H1129 (as feminine of H1121); a daughter (used in the same wide sense as other terms of relationship, literally and figuratively).
of Yrlaim יְרוּשָׁלִַם. 3389
{3389} Prime
יְרוּשָׁלִַם
Y@ruwshalaim
{yer-oo-shaw-lah'-im}
A dual (in allusion to its two main hills (the true pointing, at least of the former reading, seems to be that of H3390)); probably from (the passive participle of) H3384 and H7999; founded peaceful; Jerushalaim or Jerushalem, the capital city of Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Song of Songs 3:10

_ _ pillars — supporting the canopy at the four corners; curtains at the side protect the person within from the sun. Pillars with silver sockets supported the veil that enclosed the holy of holies; emblem of Jesus Christ’s strength (1 Kings 7:21), Margin, “silver,” emblem of His purity (Psalms 12:6); so the saints hereafter (Revelation 3:12).

_ _ bottom — rather, “the back for resting or reclining on” (Vulgate and Septuagint) [Maurer]. So the floor and mercy seat, the resting-place of God (Psalms 132:14) in the temple, was gold (1 Kings 6:30).

_ _ covering — rather, “seat,” as in Leviticus 15:9. Hereafter the saints shall share His seat (Revelation 3:21).

_ _ purple — the veil of the holiest, partly purple, and the purple robe put on Jesus Christ, accord with English Version,covering.” “Purple” (including scarlet and crimson) is the emblem of royalty, and of His blood; typified by the Passover lamb’s blood, and the wine when the twelve sat or reclined at the Lord’s table.

_ _ paved — translated, like mosaic pavement, with the various acts and promises of love of Father, Son, and Holy Ghost (Zephaniah 3:17; 1 John 4:8, 1 John 4:16), in contrast with the tables of stone in the “midst” of the ark, covered with writings of stern command (compare John 19:13); this is all grace and love to believers, who answer to “the daughters of Jerusalem” (John 1:17). The exterior silver and gold, cedar, purple, and guards, may deter, but when the bride enters within, she rests on a pavement of love.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Song of Songs 3:7-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Song of Songs 3:10

He made — There is no necessity that either this or the following particulars should be distinctly applied to several things in the gospel; this in the general may suffice, that as all the particulars are added to shew the perfection and beauty of the chariot, so they do imply that Christ's word is every way amiable and perfect. The bottom — The under and lower part. Whereby he may seem to understand the foundation of the word and promises, which is either God's covenant, or Christ's mediation, in whom all the promises are yea and amen. Covering — The uppermost part of it. Midst — The inward parts. Paved — Covered and adorned. Love — The love of Christ to the sons of men. For the daughters — For their delight and comfort, who all bear a part in this marriage.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Psalms 87:3 Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God. Selah.
1 Timothy 3:15-16 But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth. ... And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
Revelation 3:12 Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, [which is] new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and [I will write upon him] my new name.

the midst:

Romans 5:8 But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
Ephesians 3:18-19 May be able to comprehend with all saints what [is] the breadth, and length, and depth, and height; ... And to know the love of Christ, which passeth knowledge, that ye might be filled with all the fulness of God.
Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, [who is] the faithful witness, [and] the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 87:3. Ro 5:8. Ep 3:18. 1Ti 3:15. Rv 1:5; 3:12.

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